English Final Poetry Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
torchee
/U
aural imagery
sound
host
an army
Quatrain
four line stanza
rift
to split open
Figures of Speech:
Simile
v., to keep alive
subsisting
dimeter
2 feet per line
Cacophony
A harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sound
Stanza
poetic paragraph often repeated throughout a poem
metaphor
comparison without like or as
narrative poem
- tells a story
Iamb
Pair of syllables "U" and "--"
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds that usually occurs at the beginning of words and produces an echo effect thereby linking words through their sounds.
Octave
An eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza or a section of a poem
rhythm
the repetition of stressed or unstressed syllables in each line of petry; the "beat"
personification
gives human qualities to non-human things
allegory
a narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning
Edmund Spenser
1500's. England. Elizabethan england. The Faerie Queen.
auditory imagery
representing a sound"The rumbling sound / of load on load of apples coming in" - After Apple Picking
  
tone
The attitude of a writer, usually implied, toward the subject or audience
ballad
narrative poem originally meant to be sung
symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else
Assonance
the repetition of a vowel sounds, usually within words.
prose
no rhyme
no pattern or rhythm
no line division
can use images
cant target emotions
divisions are paragraphs
Syntax
The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
Irony
an unexpected twist; irony occurs when something turns out the opposite of what the reader or character might expect or desire.
similie
a comparison between two unlike things using words such as liek, as, resembles, than
parallelism
the repetition of similar or identical structures within phrases or sentences
mock-heroic poetry
typically satires or parodies that mock common Classical stereotypes of heroes and heroic literature.
occurs at the end of lines
end rhyme
Meter
the pattern of syllables that form the rhyme or beat of a poem
rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
free verse
poetry that does not have regular meter or rhyme
Approximate rhyme
Sounds that are familiar, but not exactly the same (blood,good)
jargon
a category of languge defined by a trade or profession
elegy
a lyric poem noted for its formality in tone and diction, usually written in response to a death or to contemplation of a tragedy
Euphony
refers to the language that is smooth and musically pleasant to the ear.
accent
prominence of a syllable in terms of differential loudness, or of pitch, or length, or of a combination of these.
onomatopoeia
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
Elizabethan/Shakespearean Sonnet
one that has 3 quatrains(group of 4 lines), and one rhyming couplet(2 lines)
abab, cdcd, efef, gg
dramatic
is meant to be performed by an actor or actors on a stage
speaker
the narrator of a poem; not to be confused with the poet
Onomatopoeia is:
the use of words to imitate the sounds that they describe (POW!!!)
Lyric
of or relating to a category of peotry which expresses subjective thoughts and feelings in a songlike style or form
Rhetorical question
A question to which an overt answer is not expected
dynamic character
one who changes as a result of the story's events
Italian Sonnet (or Petrarchan)
Also called regular or classic sonnet, divided into the octave (first 8 lines) and the sestet (last 6 lines). Rhyme of octave is abba, abba. The rhyme scheme of the sestet is cde, cde, or cd, cd, cd
the wreck of the hesperus- henry wadsworth longfellow
It was the schooner Hesperus,
That sailed the wintery sea;
And the skipper had taken his little daughter,
To bear him company.
Blue were her eyes as the fairy flax,
Her cheeks like the dawn of day,
And her bosom white as the hawthorn buds,
That ope in the month of May.
The Skipper he stood beside the helm,
His pipe was in his mouth,
And he watched how the veering flaw did blow
The smoke now West, now South.
Then up and spake an old Sailor,
Had sailed the Spanish Main,
"I pray thee, put into yonder port,
for I fear a hurricane.
"Last night the moon had a golden ring,
And to-night no moon we see!"
The skipper, he blew whiff from his pipe,
And a scornful laugh laughed he.
Colder and louder blew the wind,
A gale from the Northeast,
The snow fell hissing in the brine,
And the billows frothed like yeast.
Down came the storm, and smote amain
The vessel in its strength;
She shuddered and paused, like a frighted steed,
Then leaped her cable's length.
"Come hither! come hither! my little daughter,
And do not tremble so;
For I can weather the roughest gale
That ever wind did blow."
He wrapped her warm in his seaman's coat
Against the stinging blast;
He cut a rope from a broken spar,
And bound her to the mast.
"O father! I hear the church bells ring,
Oh, say, what may it be?"
"Tis a fog-bell on a rock bound coast!" --
And he steered for the open sea.
"O father! I hear the sound of guns;
Oh, say, what may it be?"
Some ship in distress, that cannot live
In such an angry sea!"
"O father! I see a gleaming light.
Oh say, what may it be?"
But the father answered never a word,
A frozen corpse was he.
Lashed to the helm, all stiff and stark,
With his face turned to the skies,
The lantern gleamed through the gleaming snow
On his fixed and glassy eyes.
Then the maiden clasped her hands and prayed
That saved she might be;
And she thought of Christ, who stilled the wave,
On the Lake of Galilee.
And fast through the midnight dark and drear,
Through the whistling sleet and snow,
Like a sheeted ghost, the vessel swept
Tow'rds the reef of Norman's Woe.
And ever the fitful gusts between
A sound came from the land;
It was the sound of the trampling surf,
On the rocks and hard sea-sand.
The breakers were right beneath her bows,
She drifted a dreary wreck,
And a whooping billow swept the crew
Like icicles from her deck.
She struck where the white and fleecy waves
Looked soft as carded wool,
But the cruel rocks, they gored her side
Like the horns of an angry bull.
Her rattling shrouds, all sheathed in ice,
With the masts went by the board;
Like a vessel of glass, she stove and sank,
Ho! ho! the breakers roared!
At daybreak, on the bleak sea-beach,
A fisherman stood aghast,
To see the form of a maiden fair,
Lashed close to a drifting mast.
The salt sea was frozen on her breast,
The salt tears in her eyes;
And he saw her hair, like the brown sea-weed,
On the billows fall and rise.
Such was the wreck of the Hesperus,
In the midnight and the snow!
Christ save us all from a death like this,
On the reef of Norman's Woe!
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