Cause of Civil War Flashcards

Terms Definitions
reluctant
unwilling
?
total war
Abolitionists
People against slavery
defense
protection against attack
Sarah Grimke
a Southern Abolitionist
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general
CSA
winner of Bull Run
consecrate
to make or declare sacred
casualty
# of people wounded/ dead
which amendment ended slavery?
13th amendment
the cival war began in
1861
physiognomy
outward appearance that provides clues to a person's character
Appomattox Court House
Location of South's surrender
confd adv
psychological adv, control of mississippi, defensive warfare, home soil adv, military tradition,
rank
the ordinary members of an organization (such as the enlisted soldiers of an army)
14th Amendment
gives African American citizenship rights
bombardment
to attack with bombs or artillery
Freedman's Bureau
March 1865, congress established the Bueau of, slaves refugess, freedman, and abandaned lands and it directed to feeding and clothing was refugess in the south
rise of republican party
fall of wig party
blockade
using warships to stop other ships from entering or leaving a harbor.
Abolitionist
A person who advocated or supported the abolition of slavery in the U.S
Lecompton Constitution
1857; KA; Pro-slavery groups ---- State constitution written to guarantee slavery in Kansas. Voters turn down this constitution and Kansas enters as a free state.
carpetbaggers
northerner who went to south after civil war and favored republicans
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States
Abe lincoln
President during Civil war wrote emancipation Proclamation, freed slaves, etc.
Total time of Civil War
1861 to 1865
Started the civil war. Confederacy said it belonged to them, the Union said it was theirs. They went into battle
Fort Summer
mobilize
for a country to prepare for war
hoped that France and England would help
south
Georgia
Sherman said that he wanted to make this state "howl" with his 62,000 man army
Dorothea Dix
Famous for her work reforming prisions and mental hospitals, also was nurse of the Union Army
younger
As the war went on, Southern troops became increasingly _________ and did not have enough supplies.
Aboloitionist
somone who wishes to abolish or get rid of slavery
Uncle Tom's Cabin 1852
-Harriet Beecher Stowe
-made slavery a moral, not just political problem
Missouri Compromise
North against because the Senate would be unequal; compromise was Missouri=slave Maine=free and no slavery above 36'30 line
First Defenders
350 volunteer from PA who helped protect Washington
Chattanooga
Nov 23-25 1863 Grant and union win gain TN River Tn taken by union
Prudence Crandall
State hero; opened first New England school for black girls; people ostracized her, tried to destroy her school, passed laws to shut it down, put her on trial/in jail; she fled the state
Wade-Davis Bill
An 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office to anyone who had volunteered to fight for the confederacy
Battle of Shiloh
Battle near Shiloh Church, Tennessee that turned out to be the most violent battle in the Civil War yet
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, it declared that all slaves in the rebellious Confederate states would be free.
did not end slavery
shifted war from preserving the union to preserving the union and ending slavery
civil war
The Warthat divided America in the 1860[ a Civil War is a war between citizens or the same contry] the war was fought between the states of the nourth and those of the south or between the union an the confederacy.
total war
a war against civilians and resources as well as against armies
sectionalism
loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1st - 3rd 1863
Union Wins
What was the South's advantage?
They were BETTER at everything
abolish
To bring to an end; to do away with.
Dred Scott
Slave from Missouri. On the way back from a 4 year stay in Wisconsin, slave owner dies. Sues for his right to be free, loses.
William T Sherman
general whose march to sea caused destruction to the south
George McClellan
given command of the union army after the first battle of bull run
Commander in Chief of the Union Army
Ulysses S. Grant
Ely Parker
Seneca Indian who became a colonel in the Union army. Assisted in the terms of surrender.
Fugitive Slave Act
Law the provided for harsh treatment for escaped slaves and for those who helped them
battle of bull run
southern troops held their ground, union retreated and left tools, confederacy picked up gear, led by thomas jackson
The loss of which famous battle would eventually bring Texas into the union
the alamo
iron clad ships
The battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack resulted in the building of more
Battle of Antietam
an 1862 civil war battle in which 25,000 men were killed or wounded.
states' rights
each state had the power to reject a federal law or leave the Union if it wished
Robert E. Lee was the leader of whom?
The Confederate forces
infantry
a group of men who travel and fight on foot
What di southerners call the battle of bullrun?
Battle of Monasses Junction
Monitor vs. Merrimack
to fight the blockade by the Union the Confederates reconstructed the Merrimack and destroyed Union ships in the Chesapeake Bay. The Union sent in the Monitor to fight back neither side could claim a victory.
When the president of the United States veoted the rechartering of the Bank of the United States in 1832, which of the following resulted?
a major economic depression happened
First Battle of Bull Run
First "real" battle of the Civil War, it was expected by Union officials to be short but ended up a Confederate victory.
Confederate States Of America
 On Dec. 20 1860 th south started to slowly secede , and created there own confedercy called the confederate staes of america
Who grinded their way through Richmond through the Peninsula Campgain?
Gen. McCllelan, but loses momentum is unable to cap richmond
Slavery is already a big issue at the writing of the constitution.
Summarize the significance of the Three Fifths Compromise and the Slave Trade Compromise of 1787
Why did the US go the war with Mexico?
Mexico refused to sell California to the US.
Yankee
Union soldier
Merrimack
South's ironclad
Emancipate
or set free
13th amendment
abolished slavery
acquit
To find not guilty
Clara Barton
founded red cross
Define Secede
leave; back out
Burnside
attempted to capture fredericksburg virginia
picketts charge
unsuccessful attack at gettysburg
9000%
Confederation inflation rose to _____________ by the end of the war
Antietem
bloodiest single day of battle
John Brown
abolitionist martyr, hanged after failed raid on Harper's Ferry
Antietam
Tie-Bloodiest single battle in U.S. History-Union could have won if they followed the South's reatreat.
Draft
Selection of people for military service
Shaw
leader of the 54th MA regiment
Antiemtam
September 17th, 1862
Took place in Maryland
Bloodiest day in U.S. history
Frederick Douglas
former slave; abolitionist; wrote "North Star"
Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg
Lee won decisive victories at
jubal early
fought against charedon in shanondo valley
Chancellorsville
In Virginia where Lee daringly divided his numerically inferior army and sent Stonewall Jackson to attack the Union flank. This was successful strategy as it was one of the Confederates most successful victories of the war. However, during the battle Jackson was shot and killed by friendly fire which depleted the moral of the confederate force.
Shiloh, TN
Grant's army destroys-1st real victory for Union under Grant's control.
cemetery ridge
union high ground south of gettysburg
General Lee
Head of the Confederate (South) Army
Sovereign
having supreme power within its own territory; neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority
Southern Objective
1. Fight defensive
2. Have GB help
South
Did the North or South have better military leaders?
Fort Pulaski
Was an important coastal defense site in GA; it was the only battle fought in GA during 1862 (Union victory).
• John J. Crittenden
(Kentucky) proposed series of constitutional amendments to south
August 1862, Union: Pope, Confederate: Lee, Longstreet, Jackson, Union losed again, casualties are five times higher than 1st Bull Run, Pope fired, and Mac rehired.
2nd Bull Run/Manassas
Lincoln
At his inauguration, he spoke of how the South's secession was unconstitutional and he vowed to preserve the union-his position of power was quickly challenged-several forts and government buildings in the South were easily taken by Southern forces
Free State
type of state that doesn't allow slavery
Kansas-Nebrasaka Act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 (10 Stat. 277) created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries.
Republican Party
Politcial Party made up of Free Soilers, Northern Democrats, and Anti-slavery Whigs who were against slavery
Who was opposed to the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
Republican position
Black Codes
southern laws that severly limited the rights of African Americans after the Civil War
Kansas-Nebraska Act
an 1854 law that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery
who won the 2nd battle of Bull Run
South
from what sstate were the people from that began yelling the war is over at bull run
massachusetts
union
the act of making or becoming a single unit
54th Massachusetts Regiment
African American Unit in the Union Army
edwin ruffin
civilian gave command to fire at fort sumter
advantages of union
more men of combat age, railroads, more money/industry
border state
a slave state that remained in the Union during the Civil War (Maryland, Delaware, Missouri, Kentucky, and West Virginia)
the south
Who won the 2nd Battle of Bull Run?
Fort Wagner
Fort in South Carolina; site of an attack by the African American 54th Massachusetts Regiment.
border states
in the civil war the states between the north and the south: delaware, mayland, kentucky, and missouri
john wilkes booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)
state that was added to the Union AFTER the Civil War started
.west virginia
Fort Sumter
Location where first shot of war was fired.
Popular Sovereignty
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
Trail of Tears
March to the new Indian Territory by the Cherokees on this route.
habeas corpus
the civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment
Manassass
Known as the battle of bull run to the north, what name did southerners use to refer to the same battle?
3 military advantages the north had at the beginning of the war
20m people, money, industry
Short Term causes of the Civil War
The election of Abraham Lincoln
Second Battle of Bull Run
USA: John Pope; CSA: Lee & Jackson; Union falls; CSA gets cocky
Battle of of the Wilderness, Spotsylvaina and of Cold Harbor
Battles so bloody that it made people protest the loss of life. Destroyed Lees will to fight.
the north and south were both --- in victory but the south ---- knew the --- were --- homeland and had better ------
confident, trained, land, defending, leaders and generals
What happens throughout his life? Why was he an important president?
he goes through a lot of depressions and failures. but he falls in love, creates a family, and eventually becomes president. he was the first president to end slavery.
They would lose there way of life, slavery
What was the south afraid of if they lost the war
conceived
created
Prime Meridian
0° Longitude
minie ball
rifle bullet
bleeding Kansas
pro-slavery vs. slavery
President of the Union
Abraham Lincoln
Compromise of 1850
gave territories popular sovereignty
Confederate Constitution
-Montgomery Convention Feb. 8, 1861
-Constitution was created for the Confederate States
-New nation was formed
-States were given more power
Slavery would be preserved
"Stonewall" Jackson
Talented Confederate general whose actual first name was Thomas
Carpetbaggers/Scalawags
the name that Southern Democrats gave to the Southern Republicans. It was a derogatory term that meant they were pirates who sought yo steal from state government to line their own pockets.
fire eaters
term applied by Northerners to proslavery extremists in the South in the two decades before the Civil War. Edmund Ruffin , Robert B. Rhett , and William L. Yancey were the most notable of the group; urged secession upon the South, but the Compromise of 1850 and more moderate counsel combined to postpone that event for another 10 years
Lee
leader of the American Revolution who proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American colonies (1732-1794)
Fort Sumpter
started the civil war lincoln sent supplies
confeds attack
big mistake
1 makes south look bad
2 makes north mad
southern advantages
fight for freedom home field advantage better leadership
Gettysburg Address
Speech given by President Lincoln a national cermony in November 1863 memorializing the soldiers that fought at Gettysburg
marytr
a person who dies for a great cause
Election of 1864
Lincoln vs. McClellan, Lincoln wants to unite North and South, McClellan wants war to end if he's elected, citizens of North are sick of war so many vote for McClellan, Lincoln wins.
Emancipation Proclimation
After the Battle of Antietam, Lincon says as of Jan. 1, all slaves are free in the states that rebel, unless the states re-join the union. No one re-joins.
Bull Run
1st major battle of the war- Confederate victory
Carpetbagger
a northerner who moved to the south after the civil war
Monitor Merrimack tunnel
The war between Monitor and Merrimack gives this tunnel its name.
The head general for the Confederates was_______________________________
Robert E. Lee
The Lincoln Douglas Debates
1858 election for Senator for Illinois, 7 debates, widely publicized, topics= slavery and states' rights.
Lee surrendered to Grant in the town of
Appomattox Courthouse
who was in control in begining of bull run
north
Ex Parte Merryman
A Supreme Court case that Chief Justice Taney's ruled that the suspension of habeas corpus was unconstitutional without an act of Congress. Lincoln openly defied the ruling by suspending it for the arrest of anti-Unionists during the Civil War. Lincoln justified his overstepping the boundaries of the constitution by saying he was doing so to preserve the Union.
As slave states
How did the Southern States want the new states to enter.
in what debates was the idea of popular sovereignty explained?
lincoln douglas debates
Lincoln Elected President
more people in the north voted, south was outraged
The Cotton Gin
Created by Eli Whitney in 1793, made slavery gain a new economic foothold and made Southerners want to protect and keep slaves.
Shermans "March to the Sea"
In December of 1864, General William T. Sherman marched Union forces from Atlanta to Savannah, GA, destroying everything in his path
Kansas Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
defensive war
a war in which the army stays in its own area and defends that area from attack, rather than advancing into enemy territory
5 reasons leading to the civil war
1. slavery
2. too much federal control
3. north too powerful (reps in cogress)
4. other would box it in (wester slavery)
5. anger at licoln winning
what was the effect of the emancipation proclamation?
war is now about liberating slaves. no help from britain
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