Causes of World War II Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Sweden
Stockholm
Sitzkrieg
Phony war
Eisenhower
US general
Luftwaffe
German air force
Hitler
Dictator of Germany
Sonar
used to spot submarines
Erwin Rommel
"The Desert Fox"
Great Britain
Protect/ defend Poland
Benito Mussolini
Who led Italy?
Four Freedoms
Religion, Speech, Want, Fear
Heinrich Himmler
led S.S. and Gestapo
Fascism
an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
Operation Barbarossa
Germans invasion of USSR
sanctions
penalties for going against international laws
Aryans
Germanic peoples- "master race" in Nazi Germany
Shell Shock
Physical reaction on the bombing
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Ghetto
Formerly the restricted quarter of many European cities in which Jews were required to live
radar
what technology did british use against germany
Anti-Semitism
Prejudice or hostility towards jews often rooted in hatred.
Blitzkreig
lighting war; with tanks and planes
Rommel
German General (desert rat) lead troops in Tripoli, Africa
american generals
dwight eisenhower, douglas macarthur, omar bradley, george patton
Tuskegee Airmen
the African American Pilot Group
Nazis
Members if Hitler's National Socialist Party
Douglas MacArthur
an american general of Philippine Army, Accepted Japan's surrender
Holocaust
Systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis
1940
in april ____ hitler launched his assault on western europe
Winston Churchill
British statesman and and british leader during World War II
nationalism/territorial
For many nations, peace had brought prosperity, but revolution fueled by economic depression and struggle. This led to the rise of _________/__________ expansion
nationalism
a feeling of patriotic pride and devotion to one's country
Chamberlain
British Prime Minister who made the Munich Agreement with Hitler
Nagasaki
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).
Yalta Conference
February, 1945 - Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta to make final war plans, arrange the post-war fate of Germany, and discuss the proposal for creation of the United Nations as a successor to the League of Nations. They announced the decision to divide Germany into three post-war zones of occupation, although a fourth zone was later created for France. Russia also agreed to enter the war against Japan, in exchange for the Kuril Islands and half of the Sakhalin Peninsula.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
US Commander in WWII
Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941.
Naval base in Hawaii
Prime minister Hideki Tojo
180 War planes
"A day that will live in infamy."
Voluntary
Actions that the League of Nations sets out is always ___________. This is why it fails to stop WWII.
Appeasement
The practice of giving into aggression to avoid war
ration
a fixed portion that is allotted (especially in times of scarcity)
The policy of granting concessions to a potential enemy in order to maintain peace is called what?
Appeasement
Nonaggression pact
An agreement between Russia and Germany in which both nations promised not to attack the other one
Capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
SS/SA
Nazi private army, attractive to young unemployed men
Pacific Theater
Involved the battles of Iwo Jima, Guadalcanal, Phillipines, Wake Island, Guam, Midway, and the two atomic bombs
"Final Solution"
an example of genocide. local Nazis rounded up Jews and either mass-murdered them or placed them in concentration camps. Approximately 6 million Jews in Europe were killed. The Allies did little to aid the victims.
War production board
government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials (1942)
General Douglas McArthur
Defending the Philippines were more than 30,000 U.S. and 110,000 Filipino troops under the overall command of him. Eventually given command of all U.S. troops in the Pacific.
Axis Powers
The Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War II
Battle of Stalingrad
1942-1943 battle in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to take over the Soviet Union, the losses to German forces were irrecoverable
atomic bomb
..., Bomb dropped by an American bomber on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities and ending WWII.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
A much-loved American general during the war, and later a president. He is most noted as a general for his role in planning and executing Operation Overlord ( the D-Day landings)
Lend-Lease Act
Stated that the president could lend or lease arms and other supplies to countries vital to the US
General Wainwright
starting the war as senior commander of the ground forces in the Philippines and MacArthur's subordinate, Wainwright was eventually promoted the Allied Commander in the Philippines when MacArthur relocated to Australia. He was responsible for the forces that lost the Philippines and spent the rest of the war in a Japanese prison camp
Italian dictator was called this name; it literally means "the leader". Obey him or be put in jail
Benito Mussolini
Rhineland
name of the territory in which Hitler sent troops into in defiance of the Versailles treaty in 1935.
Condor Legion
Air and ground armed forces compiled by Herman Goering.
Tripartite Pact
Pact between Japan, Germany, and Italy signed in September 1940, by which each pledged to declare war on any nation that attacked any of them
Nazi-Soviet Pact
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other
Hideki Tojo
Japanese general; led the Pearl Harbor attack
Operation Overlord
code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944
What type of person was The Moose?
He was charismatic
Maginot Line
Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
Who was Hitler's second in command and the head of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force)?
Herman Goering
General George Patton Jr
Tank commander that led American forces in North AFrica
Little Boy
dropped on Enola Gay, a B-29 super fortress bomber, on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945
Joseph Stalin
This Soviet dictator was one of the three Allied leaders during World War II but soon lost the support of the two other leaders with the start of the Cold War.
La Raza
"The People" a term referring to the rich heritage of Mexican Americans and therefor use to denote a sese of pride among Mexican Americans today
Operation Overload
code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944
island-hopping
stragety of Allies in World War 2 of capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others
DOUGLAS MACARTHER
who led U.S. and Filipino troops in southeast Asia?
Lend- Lease Act
It authorized the President to lend war equipment to any country whose defense he deemed vital to the national security of the US.
The Blitz
Bombing of cities in Britain; idea was to terrorize territories into submission
Battle of Britain
Germany dropped bombs all over Britain for 57 nights
Selective Service and Training Act
first peacetime draft in American history
island hopping
a plan in which the Allies would fight to recapture only certain key islands as they worked their way toward an invasion of Japan during World War II
Pas De Calais
This is the coast where the French thought the U.S were landing; but they didnt
Battle of the Bulge
The Germans vs. Allies, the americans captured the first german town "aachen", germans could only retreat
Big Four
The top Allied leaders who met at the Paris Peace Conference in January 1919, following the end of World War I. Consisted of Woodrow Wilson (US0, Georges Clemenceau (France), David Lloyd-George (Britain), Vittorio Orlando (Italy).
Battle of Guadalcanal
A 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which Allied troops drove Japanese forces from the Pacific island of Guadalcanal.
after several island hops, america can get planes to them, so
they begin to bomb japan
Name 3 types of people targeted by Hitler
Jews, gypsies, African Americans, Russians, homosexuals, old people, polish, communists, mentally handicapped, physically handicapped, non-germans
What were the 2 theaters of war during WWII?
European Theater, Pacific Theater
German Occupation of SU, Poland, and Yugoslavia
anyone caught after 6pm curfew was killed, Jews were forced to wear the Star of David armband, forced into ghettos, homeless children on the streets, dead people hanging to frighten civilians, several firing squads
What can also be known about the Battle of Stallingrad?
It was the turning point of the War
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