English Literature Authors -1500s Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Thomas Nashe
English Elizabethan Pamphleteer; Summers Last Will and Testament, The Isle of Dogs: lost satirical comedy, "The Unfortunate Traveller. Or The Life of Jacke Wilton"
William Morris
known for beautiful tapestries; poetry: The Life and Death of Jason, The Earthly Paradise, Love is Enough; two great works of prose (both socialist fantasies cast in a dream setting): The Dream of John Ball, News from Nowhere
George Orwell
imaginative British writer concerned with social justice (1903-1950); Animal Farm, 1984
Geoffrey Chaucer
3rd best British author behind Shakespeare and Milton; The Canterbury Tales:
Edmund Spenser
Faerie Queen (most famous work; longest epic poem in English; purposely archaic English such as Cant. Tales): allegorical presentation of virtues by Arthurian knights
James Thomson
Scottish poet & playwright; Liberty (dedicated to Prince of Wales), The Castle of Indolence, The Seasons (caused legal dispute but is one of the most popular of English poems, offering both new style and subject)
Thomas Love Peacock
prose satires: Nightmare Abbey, Headlong Hall, Melincourt (all survey the contemporary political and cultural scene from a Radical viewpoint)
Daniel Defoe
writer, journalist, spy; founder of English novel; Robinson Crusoe (story of Alexander Selkirk on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez; brought enduring fame)
Richard Baxter
Puritan church leader; "chief of English Protestant Schoolman"; wrote The Saints' Everlasting Rest; contributed powerfully to the Restoration
Arnold Matthew
The Strayed Reveller, Empedocles on Etna (poems; disliked, so he withdrew them), Merope: A Tragedy, (1822-1888) English poet, literary critic, essayist. (Not to be confused with Benedict Arnold, the infamous American traitor: 1741-1801.) Best known for his book, Essays Literary and Critical (1865; 1888), and for his influence upon other writers. His poetry is considered by some as a bridge between Romanticism (emphasizing emotion, in a reaction against science) and Modernism (emphasizing reason, in a reaction against tradition).
A.E. Housman
(1859-1936) English poet and classical scholar, best known for cycle of poems "A Shropshire Lad."
Arthur Hugh Clough
Ambarvalia (co-authored short poems), Amours de Voyage (a novel in verse), Dipsychus (a rather amorphous satire), Ideal pupil; made joke about religion, Best friend of Matthew Arnold
Joseph Conrad
English novelist (born in Poland) noted for sea stories and for his narrative technique (1857-1924); , author of Heart of Darkness
John Ruskin
complained that people prized material benefits of nature but not spiritual aesthetic benefits; founded some of the first environmental organizations; studied nature & painting, first professor of art at Oxford; Art Theory: Modern Painters, The Seven Lamps of Architecture; Social Reform: Sesame and Lilies, Time and Tide; Praeterita (autobiography; written between lapses of insanity),
Arthur Golding
Translator of Latin and French works; Translated: For Ovid, Commentaries of Caesar
George Herbert
Wrote many religious poems (some used as hymns); A Priest to the Temple (or The Country Parson), Jacula Prudentium, Temple
Oliver Goldsmith
Irish writer; She Stoops to Conquer, The Vicar of Wakefield (novel), The Deserted Village (pastoral poem)
Percy Bysshe Shelley
great poet of Romanticism; The Necessity of Atheism, Queen Mab (1st famous poem), Prometheus Unbound (masterpiece), Ode to the West Wind, To a Skylark; Lived from 1792-1822. Was made an outcast from his homeland by his radical politics, his tract about atheism, his separation from his first wife, and his elopement with Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. His exile led him to meet Byron. His story-telling sessions with Byron led Mary to write Frankenstein. He never lived to see whether his dreams of social progress came true and he is referred to as the perfect poet of the Romantic Era.
Thomas Hardy
{underlying theme of many of his novels, short poems and the epic drama, The Dynasts is the struggle of man against the indifferent force that rules the world and inflicts on him the sufferings and ironies of life and love} Far From the Madding Crowd (first widely acclaimed popular writing won his literary success); Major Works: The Return of the Native, The Mayor of Casterbridge; Two Masterpieces: Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Jude the Obscure
T.S. Eliot
American who became a British citizen; won the Nobel Peace prize in literature; wrote poetry and drama; , wrote "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," "The Waste Land" and "The Hollow Men;" British WWI poet, playwright, and literary critic
Christina Georgina Rossetti
devout Anglican; best works: The Prince's Progress, A Pageant and Other Poems
Robert Graves
English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895-1985); Good-bye to All That (outspoken autobiography; a book on his war experience which established his reputation), I, Claudius and Claudius the God (unorthodox novels of Roman history), King Jesus and Homer's Daughter (fictionalized reappraisals of history and legend), Illiad (translated),
Charles Dickens
one of the world's most popular, prolific, skilled novelist; The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick club, Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations, The Mystery of Edwin Drood (last novel)
John Henry Newman
"The Dream of Gerontius"; English prelate and theologian who (with John Keble and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford Movement
Anne Bronte
her & sister Emily wrote obsessively about imaginary worlds as children,youngest of Charlotte & Emily Bronte; Anges Gray, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
Robert Southey
The Battle of Blenheim, The Holy Tree, Vision of Judgment (epic), Nelson (biography), Wesley (biography)
Walter Horatio Pater
proponent of doctrine 'art for art's sake"; Studies in the History of the Renaissance (establish reputation); apart of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
William Wilkie Collins
best known for mystery novels: The Woman in White, The Moonstone
Sir Walter Scott
Scottish novelist & poet; The Lay of the Last Minstrel (1st major poem), Waverley (1st novel; great success; wrote more in this series), Ivanhoe:(the story of one of the remaining Saxon noble families at a time when the English nobility was overwhelmingly Norman)
Rupert Chawner Brook
the most famous poet WWI; "1914 and Other Poems"
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