English Poetry 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sagacious
wise
title
name
jordan davis
narragansett
approximate rhyme
The Fog
Carl Sandburg
shakespearian
developed in england
Sestet
a six line stanza
william butler yeats
easter 1916
Quatrain
a 4 line stanza
metaphor
figurative language, implied or explicit comparison between essentially unlike things, made without using "like" or "as"
anapest
two unstressed then one stressed
lament
A poem expressing great grief.
theme
–noun1.a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic.
Extended metaphor
Several connected comparisons are made
oxymoron
a rhetorical antithesis that brings two contradictory terms together like "loving hate"
adj., majestic, noble, grand, amazing, elevated in thought
sublime
Consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
poem
literature other than prose, often with rhyme, rhythm, and lines
narrative
a poem that tells a story
dactyllic
foot of 3 syllables - strong/weak/weak
Narrative poetry
Poetry that tells a story
Figurative language
language that conveys the meanings beyond the literal meaning of words.
understatement
opposite of a hyperbole, something is unstressed
ritual poem
written for ceremonies, requests help from the forces of nature, strength from beyond
allusion
a reference to something in history, mythology, or literature
Connotation
the implied or associative meaning of a word
tetrameter
a line containing four metrical feet. (8 syllables)
imagery
Use in literature to create word pictures for the reader by using details or sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, or movement.
metrical romance
poetry dealing with chivalry, love, romance, and religion; Tennyson
epigram
a short, satirical lyric usually aimed at a specific person
Assonance
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poetry or prose, as in "I rose and told him of my woe." Whitman's "When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer" contains assonantal "I's" in the following lines: "How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, / Till rising and gliding out I wander'd off by myself."
foot
unit of measurement; the way we measure poetry
Imagism
An early 20th century movement in poetry that aimed at clarity and exactness in the short lyric poem through the presentation of concrete visual images.
ballad
A narrative poem that tells a story usually in a straight-forward way.
Simile
a figure of speech in which and explicit comparison is made by use of words or phrase such as like, as, than, similar to, resembles, or seems
brief reference to a person event or place, real or fiction or to a work of art
allusion
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyming in a poem
free verse
Poetry that consists of unrhymed lines with irregular rhythmic patterns.
form
The different ways in which poems can be structured.
cadence
the long, easy sweep of sound that echoes the Bible and the speeches of orators and preachers
juliets nurse, the woman who breast fed juliet when she was a baby and has cared for juliet her entire life
the nurse
limerick
a light and humorous with five verses of which lines one, two and five are three feet and lines three and four are two feet, with a rhyme scheme of aabba. Modern limericks generally use the final line for clever wit and word play.
Verbal irony
a type of irony when someone says something but means the opposite (sarcasm)
Paraphrase
A restatement of the content of a poem designed to make its prose meaning as clear as possible
Irony
The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning: the irony of her reply.
DPS MAJOR QUOTE!
"we don't write poems because they're cute..we write poems because we are members of the human race..."(Keating)
implied metaphor
a metaphor in which either the tenor or the vehicle is implied, not stated
iambic pentameter
a line of ten syllables using the pattern of unstressed/stressed
Author of "Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night"
Dylan Thomas
Internal Rhyme
A rhyme created by two or more words in the same line or verse
Stanzaic form
the form of a poem written in a series of units having the same number of lines and usually other characteristics in common, such as metrical pattern or rhyme scheme
On 1st Looking into Chapman's Homer
"Much have I traveled in the realms of gold, and many goodly states and kingdoms seen"
grappling
grabbing
diverse
different; varied
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
scansion
to scan poetry
rapier hilt
sword handle
Hey There Now!
Grace Nichols
trochaic
stressed the 1st syllable
humorous or satirical mimicry
parody
haiku
three-line verse form (5,7,5 syllables) which conveys a single vivid emotion by means of images from nature
philip larkin
this be the verse
stanza
the paragraph of a poem
ode
intended to honor or praise someone
Tone
writer's or speaker's attitude toward audience
Juxtaposition
Using two themes, characters, phrases, words, or situations together for comparison or contrast. Ex. Peaceful cemetery
Poetry
a kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination
moor
an open, rolling wasteland, usually covered with low growing shrubs.
concrete
vivid, graphic images that appeal strongly to the senses, as opposed to generalized abstractions
Connotations
Associations and implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word, which derive from how the word has been commonly used and the associations people make with it.
alliteration
repetition of a sound in closely related words
onomatopoeia
use of words associated with the sounds of the objects or actions they refer to
symbol
figure of speech wich something means more than what it is
v., to recoil, back up quickly, cower
shied
dimeter
a line of poetry containing two feet
Rhyme
An echoing produced by close placement of two or more words with similarly sounding final syllables.
Iamb
a metrical foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
 
 
Heroic Couplet
iambic pentameter lines rhymed in pairs
PASTORAL
a poem that idealizes rural living and nature
Prosody
the study of sound and rhythm in poetry.
tercet
a group of three lines of verse, usually all ending in the same rhyme.
Author: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
Shakespeare
Literary/contextual symbol
can be a setting, character, action, object, name or anything else in a work that maintains its literal significance while suggesting other meanings.
panacea
an answer or solution for all problems or difficulties:
English Sonnet
a sonnet of fourteen lines with iambic pentameter and a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg, includes three quatrains and a couplet at the end
lyric
A poem that has the form and music quality of a song in which the poet expresses an intense personal feeling.
pelagic (adj)
of, relating to, or living in open oceans or seas rather than waters adjacent to land
What is consonance?
Words having same beginning & ending consonant sounds, but different vowel soundsEx. pitter/patter, reader/rider, spoiled/spilled
petrarchan/italian sonnet
sonnet with the rhyme scheme a b b a a b b a then c d d c d d
lamb
a
Protagonist
main character
Hexameter
six feet
The Lamb
William Blake
pentameter
5 feet of iambs
Whitman
"O Captain, My Captain"
speaker
the narrator, point of view
dramatic poetry
dramatic monologue and dramatic dialogue
resolution
finding a solution to a problem
onomatopeia
words that sound like what they mean
personification
the endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities
dactyl
A metrical foot of three syllables, one long (or stressed) followed by two short (or unstressed), as in happily.
the main idea of a piece
Define 'theme'
explication
a detailed explanation of the meaning of something
eye rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation
dramatic irony
when the reader or audience knows something that the characters don't
Lyric poem
A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling.
dramatic monologue
narrative poem in which a single speaker reveals himself through his own words to a silent listener
opaque
not allowing the passage of light, not transparent; hard to understand
an object of action that suggests, in addition to itself, a further meaning
symbol/symbolism
trochee
/ U. Falling meter. (Let her live to earn her dinner)
couplet
a type of stanza with only 2 lines; usually rhymes
end rhyme
rhyme occuring at the ends of lines of poetry
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