English Poetry Vocab 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
legerdemain
deception
Mushrooms
Margaret Atwood
trimeter
three feet
Hyperbole
extreme exageration
Haiku
three-line verse forum
elegy
a mournful poem
quatrain
a four line stanza
v. to neigh
Define 'nicker'
tetrameter
four feet per line
speaker
the "narrator of the poem"
conceit
idea thats a long comparison
Epitaph
An inscription on a tombstone
Alliteration
the repitition of initial sounds
rhyming couplet
Pair of lines that rhyme
onomatopoeia
word whose sound suggests its meaning
metaphor
comparison b/w two usually unrelated things w/o using the words 'like' or 'as'
simile
comparison between unlike things using like or as
Consonance
the correspondence of consonants, esp. those at the end of a word, in a passage of prose or verse
rhythm
the repetition of stressed or unstressed syllables
conflict
struggle between opposing forces or characters
Personification
giving an object, animal, or idea humanlike qualities
Meter/Rhythm
the reception of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry
sonnet
a fixed form consistin of fourteen lines and a five-foot iambic verse
rhyme
words that have the same ending sounds
beguiler
someone who leads you to believe something that is not true
Connotation
(n.) - a meaning or association suggested by a word beyond its definition
ode
lyric poem of elaborate form that expresses love or enthusiasm for someone or something
Free verse
follows the rhythm of ordinary speech.
oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory or incongruous ideas
epic
a long narrative or narrative poem about the deeds of gods or heroes
Ambiguity
Allows for two or more simultaneous interpretations of a word, phrase, action, or situation, all of which can be supported by the context of a work.
e.e. cummings uses ___ when he describes maggie and milly and molly and may.
Indirect characterization
fixed-form poetry
when a poem follows a specific format
couplet
a two line stanza that uses end rhyme
Symbol
Something that means more than what it is
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
meter
the rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line
quatrain rhyme
rhyme scheme in four line stanzas using alternating rhyme sounds, abab, cdcd, etc.
Trope
A way of extending the meanings of words beyond the literal.
Repetition
A word, phrase, or sound that is used more than once for emphasis
v., to step down to a lower rank; inferior
Condescend
Limerick
- A very short humorous poem with a rhyme scheme: AABBA
Mood
The feeling evoked in the reader by a literary work or passage. Often can be described in one word such as light-hearted, frightening, or despairing
foot
The basic unit used in the scansion or measurement of verse. A foot usually contains one accented syllable and one of two unaccented syllables (the spondaic foot is a modification of this principle).
In medias res
Latin for "the middle of things." The term describes the narrative practice of beginning a
story in the middle of the action to involve the reader, and then using one or more flashbacks to fill in
what led up to that point.
Pun
play on words OR a humorous use of a single word or sound with two or more implied meanings
figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
dramatic song
a poem found in a play that serves to establish mood, reveal character, or advance action
Rhythmical pattern measured in feet or single units.
What is a meter? How is it measured?
avowed
acknowledged
spondaic
stressed, stressed
impediments
obstruction, hindrance
Iambic Pentameter
10 syllables
Prose
A non-rhyming poem
setting
time and place
hybrid
anything of mixed origin
Scansion
Rhyming pattern, metrical pattern
assonance
a lot of accented vowels
imagery
description that appeals to senses
carpe diem
" seize the day"
dactyl
stressed unstessed unstessed
(DAH da da)
Symbolism
when an object represents something beyond itself
villanelle
5 tercets with concluding quatrain, ABA rhyme and same end for every first and last tercet line and last 2 lines, first line of stanza 1 is the last line of stanza 2 and 4 and second to last line in quatrain, third line of stanza 1 is the last line
stanza
unified group of lines in poetry
Hyperbole
(from last unit)
overstatement; a gross exaggeration
foreshadow
to show or indicate beforehand; prefigure:
lyric
From the Greek for "lyre" originally any poem designed to be sung while accompanied by a lyre, now a brief imaginative and melodic poem characterized by the fervent but structured expression of the personal thoughts and emotion of a single first person speaker. Are non-narrative poems and do not tell a story
Protagonist
The main character of a literary work
Apostraphe
When the poet addresses the reader witha command or request.
Alllusion
A reference, explicit or implicit, to something in literature or history.
paradox
situation, person, thing or idea that combines contradictory features or qualities
T.S. Eliot
1800's. USA. Death, loss, and spiritual recovery. The Waste Land.
Abstract Language
language which expresses ideas or generaltities
Anapest
A metrical foot consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by one accented syllable.
 
Ex. un-der-stand
cinquain
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
allegory
a story or description with a second level of meaning
The Fish
poem; written 1940; about fish and fisherman; similes: about fish, describing it and its oldness; symbolism: rainbow-gay/les community; about how the fisherman respected the fish since it survived getting caught five times and so he lets it go
synaesthesia
Images can also cross the senses, or blur the lines among the senses
understatement
saying less than one means may exist in what one says or merely in how one says it
Speaker/voice
The "I" of a work, but not always the author. ,
Slant Rhyme
When a rhyme is not quite identical
Concrete
poems that are shaped to look like their subjects.
dramatic irony
known to the audience but not the characters
rhyme scheme
a pattern of end rhyme in a poem
Occasional poem
done for or connected with a special event
End rhyme
words at the end of the line rhyme
rhymimg at the ends of two or more lines in poetry
end rhyme
verbal irony
a figure of speech that occurs whaen a person says one thing but means another
A form of irony intended to sting or hurt someone
Figures of Speech:
folly
foolishness
heptameter
seven feet
courtesy
kindness, politeness
The cucumber
Nazim Hikmet
My Number
Billy Collins
"I or we"
1st person
lament
poem expressing great grief
Allusion
reference to something famous
extended figure
a figure of speech
enjambment
the flowing together of lines
persona
latin for 'mask.' a fictitious character created by an author to be the speaker of a poem, story, or novel. always the narrator of a work and not merely a character in it.
Denotation
explicit dictionary meaning of a word/phrase
sestina
consists of thirty-nine lines divided into six-line stanzas and a three-line concluding stanza called an envoy
didactic
poetry meant to teach or preach
Iambus
Metrical foot consisting of on unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
iambic
a satirical poem in this meter.
couplets
pairs of rhyming lines in iambic pentameter
synecdoche
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
how a poem is written/what is included
style
Tone
The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work
diction
choice and arrangement of words in writing (formal or informal)
romeos father, the patriarch of the montague clan and bitter enemy of capulet
montague
rhymes
the similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words
iambic foot
two-syllable foot w/ stress on second syllable
n. a low tree, shrub, or brush
Define 'scrub'
Feminine Ending
A line ending with an unstressed syllable.
Subject
what a story or play is based on
Image
A word, phrase, or figure of speech (especially a Simile or a Metaphor) that addresses the senses, suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions.
figurative languagesymbol
an image that by convention or association represents something other than itself
an octet followed by a sestet. Usually with the rhyme scheme ABBA ABBA CDE CDE
Italian Sonnet
aubade
a love lyric, speaks of the arrival of down, when he must part from lover
embedding
Way to get quotes in the flow in a paper. use scene setup and other info
caesura
a period or pause in the middle of a line
What is onomatopoeia?
Words that sound like the things they describe.Ex. buzz, bang
poetic formsblank verse
poem that has no rhyme but follows a regular meter, usually in iambic pentameter
Sestet
6-line stanza
Anapestic
- - /
Triplet (tercet)
3-line stanza
prosaic
common place, dull
dimeter
pattern occurs twice in a line
metonomy
object closely associated with the word is substituted for the word itself. (ex: "My shoes hurt")
esoteric
understood by, or meant for only the select few who have special knowledge or interest
internal rhyme
occurs within the line rather than at the end
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