English Words from Latin and Greek Elements - Greek Bases Flashcards

Terms Definitions
CHORE-
 
EX: chorus
dance
CANON
 
EX: canon
rule
ER(OT)-
 
EX: erotic
love
PEDIA-
 
EX: encyclopedia
education
[JOURN-]
 
EX: journal
day
PATRON-
 
EX: patronize
protector
PATRI-
 
EX: patriarch
family, clan
THERM-
 
EX: thermometer, thermodynamics
heat
PHYLL-
 
EX: chlorophyll, phyllophagus, oligophyllous
leaf
HEPAT-
 
EX: hepatomegaly, hepatization, hepatica
liver
PYR-
 
EX: pyromaniac, pyre
fire
POD-
 
EX: podium, tripod
foot
ODONT-
 
EX: orthodontia, mastodon
tooth
NAUT-
 
EX: nautical, Argonaut
sailor
ORA-
 
EX: panorama
to see
MIM-
 
EX: mimic
to imitate
STEN-
 
EX: stenography, stenothermic, stenopetalous
narrow
MNE-
 
EX: amnesia
to remember
DEM-
 
EX: democracy, demagogue
people
CLA-
 
EX: iconoclast
to break
CHROM(AT)-
 
EX: chromosome, chromatic
color
GAM-
 
EX: bigamy, polygamy
marriage
ERYTHR-
 
EX: erythrocyte, erythrophilous, hemoerythrin
red
EGO-
 
EX: egotism, egoism
I
AUT-
 
EX: automobile, automatic
self
SEN-
 
EX: senate, senior
old
SANCT-
 
EX: sanctify, sanctimonious
holy
QUADR(U)-
 
EX: quadrangle, quadruple
four
LOC-
 
EX: local, dislocate
place
MAGN-
 
EX: magnitude, magnify
great
CORPOR-, CORP(US)-
 
EX: incorporate, corpuscle, corpse
body
CRUC-
 
EX: crucify, crux
cross
DECI(M)-
 
EX: deciliter, decimal
tenth
PART-
 
EX: part, depart
part
VEST
 
EX: vest, vestment
garment
TRI-
 
EX: tricycle, triangle
three
NIHIL-
 
EX: annihilate, nihilism
nothing
SEXT-
 
EX: sextet
six; sixth
OMN-
 
EX: omnipresent, omnivorous
all
MAL(E)-
 
EX: maladjusted, malicious, malignant
bad
PHON-
 
EX: phonetic, telephone
sound, voice
STOM(AT)-
 
EX: amphistomous, stomatoplasty, exostome, enterostomy
mouth, opening
TOM-
 
EX: atom, anatomy
to cut
TROP-
 
EX: tropic, phototropic
to turn
PTER(YX)-
 
EX: helicopter, arthropterous, Lepidoptera, coleopterous, ichthyoptertgia
wing, fin
STA-
 
EX: static
to stand, stop
STERE-
 
EX: stereograph, stereopticon
solid, three-dimensional
MORPH-
 
EX: morphology, metamorphosis
form, shape
BAR-
 
EX: barometer, barograph
weight, pressure
LITH-, LITE-
 
EX: lithograph, phonolite
stone
IATR-
 
EX: psychiatric, pediatric
physician, medicine
LEUC-, LEUK-
 
EX: leukemia, leukoderma, leucoma
white
CYT-
 
EX: cytology, hemocytozoan, anisocytosis
cell
ANTHROP-
 
EX: anthropology, philanthropy
human being
OO-
 
EX: ootheca, oosphere, oophoritis
egg
OT-
 
EX: otoscope, otorrhea, dichotic
ear
NEPHR-
 
EX: nephritis, pronephros, nephrolith
kidney
AGOG(UE)-
 
EX: demagogic, synagogue
to lead
LINE-, [LIGN-]
 
EX: line, align
line
CUR-
 
EX: sinecure, secure
cure, care
FIRM-
 
EX: firmament, confirm
firm, strong
FORT-
 
EX: fort, forte, comfort
strong
FOLI-, [FOIL-]
 
EX: folio, defoliant, tinfoil
leaf
STRING-, STRICT-, [STRAIN-]
 
EX: veritable, aver, very
true
TERR-
 
EX: terrestrial, territory
land, earth
SCI-
 
EX: science, conscientious
to know
NEG-
 
EX: negative, renegade
to deny
PATR-, PATERN-
 
EX: patrimony, paternity
father
ROG-
 
EX: arrogant, derogatory
to ask
AM-
 
EX: amorous, amatory
to love
IDI-
 
EX: idiot, idiosyncracy
one's own, peculiar
DI-, DIPL-
 
EX: dioxide, diploma
twice, double
ERG-, URG-
 
EX: erg, energy, metallurgy
work
ETHN-
 
EX: ethnology, ethnogrophy
race, cultural group
HOM(E)-
 
homogenized, homosexual, homeopathy
same, similar, regular
PHAG-
 
EX: sarcophagus, geophagy, glossophagine
to eat
AC(O)U-
 
EX: acoustics, paracusia, acoumetry
to hear
DIC-, DICT-
 
EX: diction, contradiction, edict
to say
SCRIB-, SCRIPT-
 
EX: describe, inscribe, scribble, conscription, subscription
to write
STRU-, STRUCT-
 
EX: instrument, structure, instruct
to build
SIMIL-, SIMUL-
 
EX: simulate, simile
like, similar
PORT-
 
EX: portable, deport, report
to carry
FRANG-, (FRING-), FRACT-
 
EX: frangible, fraction
to break
DUC-, DUCT-
 
EX: induce. transducer, conduct, reduction
to lead
AUD-
 
EX: audience, audit, auditorium
to hear
GNO-, NO-, NOT-
 
recognize, ignore, noble, note
to know
HER-, HES-
 
EX: adhere, adhesive
to stick
ANIM-
 
EX: animal, animated
mind, feeling, life
STOL-, STAL-, STLE-
 
EX: epistolary, peristalsis, epistle
to send, draw
DENDR-
 
EX: dendrolatry, dendron, philodendron
tree, tree-like structure
GEN(E)-, GON-
 
EX: hydrogen, genesis, gene, theogeny
to produce, originate
GER(ONT)-
 
EX: geriatric, gerontocracy
old age, old people
RAP-, RAPT-, (REPT-)
 
EX: rapid, rape, rapture
to seize
PROB-, [PROV-]
 
EX: probe, probity, approve
good; to test
CUR(R)-, CURS-, [COURS-], [COR(S)-]
 
EX: recur, current, excurstion, concourse, succor
to run, go
VID-, VIS-, [VIEW-]
 
EX: evident, provide, visual, provision, review
to see
SERV-
 
EX: servant, service, preserve, conservation
to serve, save
CID-, CIS-
 
EX: insecticide, fratricide, incision, precise
to kill, cut
MON-
 
EX: admonish, monument, monitor, premonition
to warn, advise
MOV-, MOT-
 
EX: movement, remove, motion, remote
to move
DROM-
 
EX: hippodrome, dromomania, homodromy
a running, a course
NEUR-
 
EX: neuralgia, neurosis, neuropsychiatry, neurosurgery
nerve, the nervous system
TELE-
 
EX: telephone, telegraph
afar, operating at a distance
LEV-
 
EX: levity, elevate
light (in weight); to lift
PUG(N)-
 
EX: repugnant, impugn, pugilist
to fight; a fist
GEN-, GENER-
 
EX: general, genus, generous
race, kind, origin
PLE-, PLET-, PLEN-
 
EX: implement, complete, deplete, plenary
to fill; full
PREC-
 


EX: imprecate, precarious
to request, beg; prayer
 
NOTE: Pray and Prayer also come from this verb, through French.
PAR-
 
EX: prepare, separate
to ready, bring forth, provide
NOC-, NOX-, NIC-, NEC-
 
EX: innocent, obnoxious, pernicious, internecine
to harm, kill
FAC-, (FIC-), FACT-, (FECT-)
 
EX: faculty, efficient, manufacture, effective
 
NOTE: Also connected with this base are defeat and feasible, which came in through French.
to do, make
SED-, (SID-), SESS-
 
EX: sediment, insidious, session
to sit, settle
BLAST-
 
EX: blastomere, blastula, myoblast
bud, formative substance, embryonic cell
AL-, ALT-
 
EX: alumnus, alimony, altitude
to nourish, grow tall
LEG-, (LIG-), LECT-
 
EX: legible, legend, eligible, elect, selective
to choose, pick out, read
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