English Words from Latin and Greek Elements- Greek Suffixes Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-(i)cule, -cle, -icle
 
EX: molecule, muscle, particle
little
-el
 
EX: novel, morsel, panel
little
-arium, -arion
 
EX: conarium, Hipparion
little
-isk, -iscus
 
EX: asterisk, meniscus
little
-ose (-ious, -eous)
 
EX: grandiose, comatose
full of
-ory, (-orium)
 
EX: dormitory, lavatory, auditorium
place for
-ium, -ion
 
EX: bacterium, podium, thecium, asterion, stomion
little
-ectomy
 
EX: appendectomy, tonsillectomy
surgical removal of
-(u)lent, -(o)lent
 
EX: fraudulent, violent
full of, disposed to
-ine
 
EX: feminine, canine
pertaining to, like, of
-uous
 
EX: continuous, conspicuous
tending to, inclined to
-ify, -efy
 
EX: pacify, magnify, liquefy
to make
-esce
 
EX: convalesce, obsolescent, effloresce
to begin, to become
-ician
 
EX: technician, electrician, tactician
specialist in, practitioner of
-ast, -st
 
EX: gymnast, enthusiast, analyst
one who does
-and(um), -(i)end(um)
 
EX: agendum, memorandum
that which must be ___-ed
-ure
 
EX: fracture, puncture, rupture
act of, result of
-ic, -tic
 
EX: civic, classic, rustic
pertaining to, like
-phobia
 
EX: claustrophobia, agoraphobia
abnormal fear or hatred of
-phobe
 
EX: Anglophobe, Francophobe
one who fears or hates
-acity
 
EX: audacity, capacity, rapacity
quality of being inclined to
-logy
 
EX: biology, theology, astrology
 
NOTE: When followed by additional elements, the final y is dropped; biologist
science of, system study of
-ics, -tics
 
EX: ethics, physics, genetics
art, science, study of
-nomy
 
astronomy, economy, agronomy
 
NOTE: When followed by additional elements, the final y is dropped; astronomical
science of, system of laws governing
-scope
 
EX: periscope, microscope, telescope
 
NOTE: When followed by an additional suffix, the e is dropped; telescopic, microscopy
instrument for viewing, to view
-men
 
EX: specimen
result of, means of, act of, state of
-ar
 
EX: popular, regular, familiar
pertaining to, like, belonging to, having the character of
-ary
 
EX: literary, military, temporary
 
NOTE: If this suffix is followed by an additional element, the final y appears as i. EX: precarious, antiquarian
 
NOTE 2: The suffix -ary frequently forms words which are used as nouns. EX: antiquary, d
pertaining to, connected with, having the character of
-maniac
 
EX: kleptomaniac, dipsomaniac
one having a madness or passion for
-al
 
EX: ideal, diagonal, ethical
pertaining to, like, belonging to, having the character of
-ism
 
EX: Communism, despotism, antagonism, alcoholism
belief in, practice of, condition of
-ant, -ent, (-ient)
 
EX: urgent, apparent, vigilant
 
NOTE: This suffix frequently forms words which are used as nouns, and so it comes to mean "person who," ot "that which." EX: agent, inhabitant,adherent, servant
equivalent to the English present participle ending -ing
-ile, -il
 
EX: juvenile, hostile, civil
pertaining to, like, belonging to, having the character of
-acy
 
EX: accuracy, inadequacy, confederacy
quality or state of being or having
-ate, -it(e)
 
EX: accurate, adequate, favorite, explicit
possessing, being, etc. This is often equivalent to the English past participle ending -ed.
-sis, -se, -sy, -sia
 
EX: analysis, diagnosis, dose, autopsy, amnesia
 
The adjectival form of this sometimes appears as -tic and sometimes as -stic; alanytic, diagnostic
act of, state of, result of
-able, -ible
 
EX: portable, adaptable, flexible
 
NOTE: If this suffix is followed by an additional element, it becomes -abil-, -ibil-. EX:  adaptability, flexibility
able to to be, able to, tending to
-path
 
EX: psychopath, osteopath
one who suffers from a disease of, one who treats a disease
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