english: poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
propitious
favorable
Connatation
Implied meaning
howl
allen ginsberg
tetrameter
four feet
repetition
repeating words,lines,phrases, ect..
consonance
accord or agreement
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Figurative Language
metaphors and simile
Trochee
one stressed, one unstressed-reverse of iamb
Hyperbole
An exaggeration used for effect
countenance
n. the face; facial features
Epics
celebrating the adventures and achievements of a legendary or traditional hero, in elevated language
imagery
evokes sensory experiences for readers by appealing to the five senses
alliteration
The repitition of initial consonant sounds in two or more words in a line
Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
Personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas, animals, etc.
froth
bubbly substance, like foam of beer
Irony
reference to a historical person, place, event, or to a famous literary work or figure. The reference is usually so well known that the well read person would be expected to recognize it.
closely related term is substituted for an object or idea
metonymy
Author of "Macavity: the Mystery Cat"
T.S. Eliot
Meter
The regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
stanza
a division of lines within a poem.
metonymy
an attribute used in place of something else spoken (type of syneaoche)
Simile
Comparing two things while saying like or as.
allusion
a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in literature or history
foot
2 syllable section in a metered line
Ode
Tribute poem to something concrete or abstract
allegory
a story in which the characters, settings, and events stand for abstract or moral concepts
Personification:
the giving of inanmiate or nonhuman objects living or human qualiteis
Informal Diction
represents the plain language of everyday use, and often includes idiomatic expressions, slang, contractions, and many simple, common words.
Lyric poem
A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling
fable
A story where animals are given human attributes and represent moral, philosophic, or political positions (usually concludes with morals)
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
mood
the feelings of the reader of a poem
Apostrophe
an address, either to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker, or to something nonhuman that cannot comprehend. Apostrophe often provides a speaker the opportunity to think aloud.
malapropism
an act or habit of misusing words ridiculously
Ballad
4line stanzas, meter is a first and third line with 4 stresses (2 and 4 with 30) Usually about lost love, or recent events.
lyric
a poe, that expresses an emotion or thought
The World Is Too Much With Us
William Woodsworth
Extended Metaphor
when a metaphor is developed through a poem not stated in a single detail
turn
a point in a poem when its meaning moves in a new and/or significant direction, or its theme emerges
rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem
ballad poetry
poetry that is a type of narrative poetry that specifically talks about love, adventure, or relationships
Sestet
Six lines of poetry that has a rhyme scheme
On His Blindness
John Milton

Asks God why he has made him blind when he also asks him to use his only talent as a writer. Sestet, patience answers him saying God judges men differently and if he stands and waits he is doing God’s will—be patient
17th Century
Petrarchian Sonnet
Patience is personified
Split in poem meant to convey a question and answer
Feels loss over blindness
Matthew’s parable about talents
“doth God exact day labor light denied?”

 
 
Internal Rhyme
When one or both of the rhyming words is located at the beginning or middle of the line instead of the end
Dramatic poem
a poem that presents the voice of an imaginary character speaking directly, without any additional narration
Fixed form
A poem that may be categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas.
Folk, traditional, or popular ballad
an anonymous narrative poem, meant to be sung which has been transmitted orally from generation to generation.
What are some attributes of modernists' style of writing?
- Form is content. (Not only in how it is written but the way it looks too.)- Usages of irony, detachment, allusions
durst
dare
3 feet
trimeter
kerfuffle
(n)- disturbance; fuss
connotation
nonliteral associations, often emotional, attached to a word
subsisting
v. to stay alive
slant or imperfect rhyme
quatrain
a group of four lines
Sara Teasdale
The author of "Barter"
"the prize"=
freedom to all Americans
anaphora
The intentional repetition of beginning clauses in order to create an artistic effect.
Tone
authors attitude toward subject or audience
Style
the mode of expression in language
narrative poem
poem that tells a story
Metaphor
Comparing something without like or as
trimeter
verse of line with 3 feet
instress
creative divine force/energy of God that shapes inscapes (an abstract power/energy)
figurative languagepersonification
giving non-human objects human characteristics
first letter in each line is repeated
alliteration
Rhythm
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
oxymoron
a figure of speech in which contradictory terms may appear side by side; a compressed paradox.
Exact rhyme
accented vowel sound & following sounds are identical
Heroic couplet
Rhyming pair of lines, iambic pentameter,
sibilance
use of the 's' or 'z' sound
Samuel Coleridge
1700's. England. Simple diction to express complicated feelings or abstract concepts. Rime of the Ancient Mariner.
Spondee
A metrical foot consisting of two syllables equally or almost equally accented
 
Ex. True-Blue
enjambment
no punctuation at the end of a line
beset
to attack from all sides; to trouble persistently
refrain
one or more lines that are repeated throughout a poem
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate natural sounds
End Rhyme
Rhyme of the terminal syllables of lines of poetry
epic
a really long poem that tellsw a story
What is an epiphany?
A 'lightbulb moment'. A revelation.Ex. James Joyce - Araby
poetic contractions
used to maintain a regular rhythm or meter in a line
limerick
a five line poem with a strict rhyme scheme
Verbal irony
saying the opposite of what one means; confused with sarcasm and satire
Feminine Rhyme
uses words of more than one syllable that end with a light stress (“pages” and “wages”; “I’m serious” and “delirious”; “on a mission” and “competition”).
occurs when the sounds of words are similar but not identical
slant rhyme
Rhymed Verse
Poetry with a pattern of end rhyme and a pattern of syllables
Villanelle
A poem of 19 lines, 5 stanzas of 3 lines w/ a final one of 4. (aba)
What is a rhyme scheme?
A pattern of rhyme identified by using letters at end of lines when rhyme deviates from an established pattern.Ex. ~race - Aby - Bplace - Ahigh - Bblue - Cfree - Dflew - Csea - D
the poet of mother to son chose this metaphor for life cause...
Walking up stairs is hard. Life is hard.
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