European Explorers-Midterm Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
prince henry
navigator
1500
Brazil was discovered
Mercantilism
Power based on wealth
Pedro Alvares Cabral
Reached Brazil
De Soto
Spanish found Mississippi River
Mestizo
Childrens of Peninsulares & Natives
1492
Columbus landed in North America
spreading Christianity
Religious motivation for exploration
savage
fierce, ferocious, or cruel; untamed:
Aztecs
Indian tribe that lived in Mexico
Pope
Pueblo Ruler; Led Uprising against Spanish
Juan Ponce DeLeon
Claimed Florida for Spain
Vasco Balboa
Spain. 1513. Discovered Pacific. Claimed all lands touching Pacific for Spain.
Iroquois
Which Indians lived in long houses
Portugal
Explorers from this country traded with West Africa.
Vespucci
Italian explorer who sailed along the northeastern coast of South America
astrolabe
an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets
Leif Ericson
Viking who discovered the North American continent
Territory
A large area of land or region
Puritans
Group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution by finding colony in Massachusetts
Newfoundland
land where Ericsson and his crew landed is known as Canada today
gold and silver
to build up their treasury
Amerigo Vepuci
Rediscoverd the Americas, Mapped the Americas,
America named for him
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in 1492 while in the service of Spain looking for a route to Asia
1497-1498
Portugese explorer Vasco da Gama began exploring the east African coast. Then he reached the port of Calicut, on the southwestern coast of India
John Cabot
explored east coast of North america
Balboa 1513
(S) Led an expedition across the ithmus of Panama-First to see Pacific Ocean.
Francisco Pizarro
He conquered the Incas, took their riches and claimed their land for Spain.
Superiority
the quality or condition of being much better than the usual
Empire
A group of countries that have the same ruler
Middle Passage
Passage between Africa & the New World
conflicts
The Vikings left the area now called Newfoundland because there were conflicts with the American Indians living there.
Samuel De Champlain
The explorer who established the French settlement of Quebec
Subsistence farming
Producing enough food to cover your needs
Bartolomeu Dias
Sailed around the southern tip of Africa
(1499-1501) He was the first to land and explore of South America. He was also the 1st to make maps of South America.
Vespucci (S,P)
Vasco da Gama
This Portuguese captain was the first European to sail around the tip of Africa to Asia and complete a trading voyage
Amerigo Vespucci
Claimed land for Portugal and was the first to reach North America and helped map the area
what were the vikings?
skilled sailors whose homeland was scandinavia in europe
English and French
Which two groups traded with the American Indians?
trade caravans
what a group of traders traveled in on the silk road
cutlure
a way of life shared by a group of people
Treaty of Tordesillas
An agreement, in 1494, that both Spain and Portugal signed to move the Line of Demarcation farther west. West of the line was Spain's territory, and East was Portugal's.
Gulf of Mexico
This body of water made it possible for France and Spain to explore the interior of the Americas.
Eric the Red
Who was the Viking that was forced to to leave his homeland?
How did the Portuguese benefit from exploring the coast of Africa?
They brought home gold and slaves.
King Ferdinand and Quees Isabella of Spain agreed to pay for Columbus' trip because
they wanted to teach their religios beliefs to the people in the Far East.
They wanted to make a profit in trading furs
The French trappers settled in America because
/ 48
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online