Exam Poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Monosyllabic
/
Auditory
Hearing
tetrameter
four feet
Iamb
unstressed-stressed (short-long)
Four Ages
Bradstreet
figuritive language
exageration
CONCEIT
Extended metaphor
sonnet
14 line poem
Diction
author's word choice
couplet
a 2-line stanza
quatrain
4 line stanza
Hardy
"The Ruined Maid"
Oxymoron
words conveying opposite meanins
dissonance
harsh, discordant sounds; clashing
unbidden
without being asked; uninvited
sestet
6 lines of poetry
gobbledygook
language characterized by circumlocution/jargon; hard to understand
Donne
Death Be Not Proud
imagery/ sensory language
mental image
assonance
repetition of a vowel
Iambic Pentameter
five feet of U/
beguiling (adj. or v.)
tricking; charming
meter
regular pattern of stressed& unstressed syllable,which can be repeated from line to line
euphony
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
denotation
dictionary deffinition of a word
Imagery
representation through language of sense and experience
Ballad
Song that tells a story.
Rhythm
The beat of the poem.
Limerick
Humorous, five line poem. AABBA.
Vehicle
Literal meaning in a poem
personification
giving human characteristics to nonhuman objects
villanelle
a nineteen-line poem with carefully arranged lines, 1st and 3rd lines rhyme; 2nd line of each stanza rhymes
parallelism
The principle dictates that coordinate ideas should have coordinate presentation. Phrases, clauses, parts of speech all need to remain consistent.
form
ballad, concrete, elegy, epic, free verse, haiku, limerick, lyric, ode, sonnet, villanelle.
narrative poem
a story told in verse
metaphor
comparison NOT using like or as
irony
Example: Robin Hood calling the biggest member of his band "Little John"
Alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
concrete
shape of poem reflects its subject
end rhyme
occur at end of lines
liquid
soft consonant (s, l, m, n)
metric foot
a unit of meter (rhythm)
exact rhyme
the rhyming sounds are identical
consonance
An identical consonant sound preceded by different vowel sounds. Ex: "Home, Same"
Prose
the ordinary form of written language
idiom
expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different that literal meaning
symbol
Something concrete used to represent something abstract
hyperbole
using exaggeration to emphasize a point
connotation
set of ideas or emotional associations a word suggests, in addition to its actual meaning
the repetition of initial and stressed sounds at the beginnings of words or in accented syllables. It creates melody, establishes mood, calls attention to certain words, and points up similarities and contrasts
alliteration
structure
the arrangement of materials within a poem; the relationship of the parts of a poem to the whole; the logical divisions of a poem; also external pattern on a poem, may give it not only its internal order of materials but an external shape of form
la antítesis
una contraposición de conceptos; es decir, una ascociación de conceptos por contraste
reference to a famous person, event, or work
allusion
Repetition
using any element of language more than once to emphasize a point
perfect rhyme
Rhymes involving sound that are exactly the same (ex: love, dove)
Allusion
A literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing, or event
foil
a character who shows off another's positive traits through severe contrast.
simile
figure of speech that makes comparison between two seemingly unlike things using like or as
Remembrance
sister is author of jane eyre
-Ellis Bell
-wrote wuthering heights
Anaphora
reapeated word or phrase, usually at the beginning of a line
Pyrhic
2 seccesive syllable with equal light stresses in second and 4th foot of a line
Lyric Poetry
poetry that expresses a speakers personal thoughts or feelings
Pun
A play on words, depending on similarity of sound and difference in meaning
stanzas
a group of lines forming a verse
refrain
words phrases or line repeated in intervals throughout the song
correspondence of sound and meaning in a word
onomatopoeia
onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds (slam, bam, crash, rattle)
free verse
poetry that is without a regular meter, rhyme scheme, or stanza arrangement (i.e. not formal poetry).
foot/feet
a unit of meter which denotes the combination of stressed and unstressed syllables
Close Reading
look at every word and every line
Anti-Petrarchan Sonnet
Poems which mock the exaggerated style of praising or idolizing a lover
Style
The way a poet expresses the subject matter that separates him or her from other poets. This can be accomplished using punctuation, capitalization, different forms, etc.
conventional symbol
something that is recognized by many people to represent certain ideas
Haiku
Three line poem, focused on nature and the seasons. 1st Line: 5 syllables. 2nd Line: 7 syllables. 3rd Line: 5 syllables.
harness bells
telling you to get back to work(life)
synecdoche
the name of the part is substituted for that of the whole (e.g. hand for worker, a head of cattle)
theme
main idea of a poem usually expressed as a general statement
Tone
The attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, character, and audience
Syntax
the study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words
Eclogue
a short pastoral poem, usually in the form of a dialogue
verbal irony
saying the opposite of what you mean
slant rhyme
similar sounds in end words of alternating foot
mast
(n) long pole that rises from the bottom of a ship to support the sails and rigging
A line of Poetry that has twelve syllables. Was probably named after the romance Alexander the Great which was written in 12 syl lines
Alexandrine
end-stop
the end of a line which contains a complete sentence or phrase with regard to grammar and logic
Approximate rhyme
Rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical i.e. send & when
extended metaphor
when a comparision is used in more that several lines, usually the entire poem
Anapaest
in poetry, a foot of 3 syllables, the first two unstressed, the last one stressed (da-da-DUM)
porphyrias lover
spending the last moments of her life with her lover. he uses her beautiful hair to strangle her and he killed her. holding on to what he loved too much.
hero
the lead male character in a story or drama; a warrior chieftain of special strength, courage and ability
Shakespearean Sonnet
3 quatrains + couplet; abab cdcd efef gg
rythm
is a pattern of sounds created by the arrangment of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line
"Bells"
is a poem about the sounds that bells make and how they are used
Collage Poem
a poem created with ideas that seem unrelated
Whitman
Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night
dramatic monologue
a poetic form in which a single character, addressing a silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation.
"To An Athlete Dying Young"
A.E. Housman and is Dramatic Monologue
Internal rhyme
when two lines rhyme in the same line of poetry
foot
a foot is one unit of meter, which is the pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in the lines of a traditional poem
She things that her equinoctial tears and the rain that beats on the roof of the house were both foretold by the almanac
"Sestina", Elizabeth Bishop, Expressive poet
figure of speech (figurative language)
a word or phrase that describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be true in a deeper sense.
masculine rhyme, single rhyme
a rhyme occurring in words of one syllable or in an accented final syllable, such as light and sight or arise and surprise
The Little Black Boy, William Blake
And then I'll stand and stroke his silver hair,
And be like him, and he will then love me.
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