Exam Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
spondee
football
2
dimeter
trimeter
three feet
8 feet
octameter
euphony
pleasant sounds
runagate runagate
hayden
Anonymous
"Dog Haiku"
negation
opposite of something
hyperbole
a great exaggeration
sabi
loneliness/ solitary moments
The Red Wheelbarrow
Williams
trope
figure of speech
rising meter
unstressed to stressed
Personification
Attribution of personal qualities
Oxymoron
opposite words used together
slant rhyme
a partial/imperfect rhyme
tetrameter
quickness, spareness, or gaiety
Imagery
formation of mental images
ballad
poem put to music
blank verse
Un-rhymed iambic pentameter.
paradox
seems contradicting but has truth
lattice
framework of wood or metal
simile
comparison using like or as
mood
feeling experienced by the reader
dimeter
a line containing two feet
fixed form
Fixed form for poetry
sonnet
fourteen lines of iambic pantameter
verse
a single line of poetry
Diverged
Branched out in different directions
olfactory
relating to the sense of smell
Humor
a comic, absurd, or incongruous quality causing amusement
Sarcasm
bitting, cutting remark that moves beyond verbal irony
limerick
light, humorous. 5 anapestic lines aabba. lines 1,2,5 have 3 feet. 3,4 have two
synaesthesia
mixing of senses in unexpected way
haiku
3 line structure with 5-7-5 syllables
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
rhythm
pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a poem
cacophony
a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones.
prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
narrative poetry
non-dramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
free verse
verse which fits any structure
madrigal
a love song from medieval times
Reptition
repeating words, phrases, lines or groups of lines in a poem
consonance
the correspondence of consonants, esp. those at the end of a word, in a passage of prose or verse.
lyric poetry
poetry that expresses that poet's thoughts and feelings
Assonance
The similarity or repetition of vowel sounds in two or more words with different consonant sounds; Example: She is free and eager to lead.
Figurative language
the writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interess, and to make things clearer.
connotation
the emotional connection to a words meaning and usage
mono, di ,tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa
1,2,3....
tone
the attitude the writer takes towards a subject
internal rhyme
the rhyme occurs within a line
irony
saying the opposite than what is true
epic
LONG poem to tell an inspiring story
3 lines usually 353 syllables but sometimes 575. about nature usualy.
haiku
conceit
an ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things. A conceit may be a brief metaphor, but it also may form the framework of an entire poem. A famous example of a conceit occurs in John Donne's poem "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning," in which he compares his soul and his wife's to legs of a mathematical compass.
meter
how syllables are arranged in a pattern of poetry
cascading sentances
type of sentence used by whitman
persona
imaginary person with whom the author can speak
couplet
2 lines of iambic pentameter that rhyme
Onomatopoeia
Words which imitate the sound they refer to. (ex. the eagle whizzed past the buzzing bees.)
Refrain
a repeated sound, word, phrase, line, or group of lines
Won the Pulitzer Prize four times
Robert Frost
Exact Rhymes
words that exactly repeat a sound
courtly love
formal/typical code of love. male experienced mental and physical pain until female accepts his love
Symbol
Person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
epilogue
a concluding statement spoken to the audience
Ever to come up with Dactyl trisyllable.
...
Dactyl
One stressed syllables followed by two unstressed syllables.
iambic pentameter
a line of poetry containing five two-syllable measures
rhyme
repetition of sounds at the end of words
alliteration
the sounds at the beginning of words are repeated
stanza
A number of lines forming a division in a poem
parallel structure
the repetition of words, phrases or sentances that have the same grammmatical structure or that restate a similar idea
literal language
language that means exactly what it says
Antagonist
A person who is opposed to struggles against, or competes with another.
diction
is word choice. To discuss a writer's diction is to consider the vocabulary
s/he has used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language.
birdfoots grampa
all living things are important and valuable even if it is just one saved life
elegy
a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation (esp. for one who is dead).
Euphemism
Using an inoffensive word or phrase in place of one considered offensive or hurtful.
Idiom
An expression in a given language that cannot be understood from the literal meaning of the words in the expression; or, a regional speech or dialect
theme
the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express in a literary work
repitition
reusing a word or phrase for emphasis and musicality
Sensory Words
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell)
Rhyme Sceme
pattern of rhymes at the end of lines
Caesura
Break in flow of sound in verse made by ending of word; a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line i.e. An Essay on Man by Alexander Pope:
Know then thyself [II], presume not God to scan;
The proper study of Mankind [II] is Man.
Plac'd on this isthmus of a middle state,
A being darkly wise, and rudely great:
This class is as cool as ice!
Example of simile
masculine rhyme
rhyme that calls of the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words. "keep" and "sleep" and "glow" and "no"
rima asonante
las vocales son idénticas a partir de la vocal acentuada de la última palabra
stanzas
groups of lines that forms units in a poem
end rhyme
rhyming words appear at the end of lines
Foot
the metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured
Synecdoche
The word for part of something is used to represent the whole
lyric poem
any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings. Love lyrics are common, but lyric poems have also been written on subjects as different as religion and reading. Sonnets and odes are lyric poems.
Verbal irony
when a writer or speaker say one thing but mean another
figurative
when you read a poem and want to know what it means
run-on lines
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning
Feminine Ending
the ending of a metrical line on an unstressed syllable, as in a regular trochaic line
Thomas Nashe, Adieu, Farewell Earth's Bliss
Death proves them all but toys.
half rhyme
a type of rhyme where the rhyme is on the 1st syllable of the word (ex: cap and happen)
De Rerum Nature (on the nature of things)
by Lucretius94-55 B.C.Hymn\"Mother of Aeneas race, delight of men and gods\"\"then the herds leap wildly through the lush pastures\"\"All the more reason, then, goddess, for you to bestow lasting charm on my words.\"
where does some of the story to his coy mistress take place and why?
a cemetary; scaring the lady into the fact that in a short time she will be dead and no longer beautiful
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