Exam Study Guide 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
classical conditioning
private represetation of plan
dissociative symptom in whcih perception or experienece of self is altered to the point of feeling like an observer, as though one is seeing oneself from the "outside"
occurence unexplainable by physical principles; usually involving physical events or objects, but not completely physical, rely or sensory motor relations between subject and objects, organs have not been identified
controls coordinated muscle action and equilibrium more highly developed in active animals, regulates duration, strength and speed of muscular movement
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
wilhelm wundt
German physiologist and psychologist.
not conscious; without awareness, sensation, or cognition.
a catecholamine neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, retina, and sympathetic ganglia, acting within the brain to help regulate movement and emotion: its depletion may cause Parkinson's disease.
Existence Proofs:
Demonstrations that a given psychological phenomenon can occur.
somatoform disorder marked by a preoccupation with a fear or belief of having a serious disease due to misinterpretation of bodily sensations or symptoms
Attachment Patterns
Secure attachment and insecure attachment
cytoplatic extensions of cell body, conduct nerve impulses towards cell body
Norman Dixon
studied the conscious and preconscious aspects of thought
2 thinking processes
-rational/logical: well supported conclusion-intuitive: based on hunches and feelings, little awareness
the capability of being molded, receiving shape, or being made to assume a desired form:
a condition characterized by frequent and uncontrollable periods of deep sleep.
an artificially induced trance state resembling sleep, characterized by heightened susceptibility to suggestion.
psychology centering on the analysis of the structure or content of conscious mental states by introspective methods.
a theoretical orientation that views society as a system of interdependent parts whose functions contribute to the stability and survival of the system.
the action of causing or producing.
of, pertaining to, or involving perception.
a proposition asserting something to be true either of all members of a certain class or of an indefinite part of that class
inability to obtain sufficient sleep, esp. when chronic; difficulty in falling or staying asleep; sleeplessness.
Base rate:
How common a characteristic or behavior is in the general population. (IE: When we say alcoholism has a 5% base rate in the US, we mean that about 1 in 20 Americans are alcoholics at any given time.)
Placebo Effect:
Improvement resulting from the mere expectation of improvement.
Therapy Type: Humanistic
Feel-good treatment, constant positive support and shower of compliments
Interpretation of symptoms or an experience to be a worst-case scenario, intrinsic to somatoform disorders.
catastrophic thinking
minimize the time and energy the devote to interacting with their child
narrow view of perception w/ regards to learning
Medulla(of adrenal gland)
releases norepinephrine acts similar to effect of sypathetic
consists of motor fibers ending in skeletal muscle
action potential
the change in electrical potential that occurs between the inside and outside of a nerve or muscle fiber when it is stimulated, serving to transmit nerve signals.
parkinson disease
a common neurologic disease believed to be caused by deterioration of the brain cells that produce dopamine, occurring primarily after the age of 60, characterized by tremors, esp. of the fingers and hands, muscle rigidity, shuffling gait, slow speech, an
a procedure, as a reward or punishment, that alters a response to a stimulus
a ganglion of the limbic system adjoining the temporal lobe of the brain and involved in emotions of fear and aggression.
the operation or function of the senses; perception or awareness of stimuli through the senses.
the transfer of genetic material from one cell to another by means of a virus.
the visible aspect of one's character as it impresses others:
present but not visible, apparent, or actualized; existing as potential:
an enfolding of cerebral cortex into the lateral fissure of a cerebral hemisphere, having the shape in cross section of a sea horse.
gestalt psychology
the theory or doctrine that physiological or psychological phenomena do not occur through the summation of individual elements, as reflexes or sensations, but through gestalts functioning separately or interrelatedly.
Experimental group:
In an experiment, the group of participants that receive the manipulation.
Who are some of the historical figures involved with treating abnormal behavior?
Most theories which seek to explain why the rate of teenage suicide is increasing focus on:
social changes.
Forms of adolescent egocentrism
Imaginary audience and personal fable
Studies in monkeys
if leminiscal pathways were destroyed they could still be roused by sound and touch; but if lem. left intact and the reticualar system was destroyed they remained in a coma, but showed cortical potential to auditory and somatosensory perception
neural tube
covered by neural crest and enlarges at anterior to become the 3 primary brain vesicles; rest is slender and becomes spinal cord
Binocular rivalry
only one eye can achieve conciousness at one point.
___ psychology is the generation of knowledge for its own sake; whereas ___ psychology is concerned with the practical uses of such knowledge.
Basic; Applied.
rem sleep
a recurrent period of sleep, typically totaling about two hours a night, during which most dreaming occurs as the eyes move under closed lids and the skeletal muscles are deeply relaxed.
cerebral cortex
the furrowed outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum of the brain, associated with the higher brain functions, as voluntary movement, coordination of sensory information, learning and memory, and the expression of individuality.
the theory or doctrine that human or animal psychology can be accurately studied only through the examination and analysis of objectively observable and quantifiable behavioral events, in contrast with subjective mental states.
frontal lobe
the anterior part of each cerebral hemisphere, in front of the central sulcus.
the act or faculty of apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding.
mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.
temporal lobe
the lateral lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, in front of the occipital lobe.
independent variable
a variable in a functional relation whose value determines the value or values of other variables, as x in the relation y = 3x2.
dependent variable
a variable in a functional relation whose value is determined by the values assumed by other variables in the relation, as y in the relation y = 3x2.
corpus callosum
a great band of deeply situated transverse white fibers uniting the two halves of the cerebrum in humans and other mammals.
occipital lobe
the most posterior lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, behind the parietal and temporal lobes.
readily perceived by the eye or the understanding; evident; obvious; apparent; plain:
Demand characteristics:
Cues that participants pick up from a study that allow them to generate guesses regarding the researcher's hypotheses.
regarding dissociative amnesia, neodissociative theory: ___
proposes that forming memories occurs outside the executive monitoring system
Ignoring fatigue, a driver finally falls asleep at the wheel, crashes, and dies. The driver's death would most accurately be described as:
self-inflicted but not suicide.
Hebbs expiriments on Dogs
(either raised in restricted enviro or given freedom of a pet). Those raised in restricted environment happy since they knew nothing else, though adults in those environments would be miserable. More extreme reactions. Dogs raised in restricted environments were untrainable, abnormal in personality, and difficult to describe social behavior. They also ignored pain. Less likely to form conditioned responses. Motivation and emotional ties of pain are functions of infant experience
of, pertaining to, or for the use of only one eye:
the science of the mind or of mental states and processes.
reticular formation
a network of neurons in the brainstem involved in consciousness, regulation of breathing, the transmission of sensory stimuli to higher brain centers, and the constantly shifting muscular activity that supports the body against gravity.
the neural bases of hypochondriasis and obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder:___
have significant overlap though hypochondriasis has some distinct differences
heirarchy of behavior
X A a b B c d e
Criticisms of the DSM-IV-TR somatization disorder criteria are that:
all symptoms are counted equally but patient's beliefs about them are not taken into account
Behaviorists explain the downward spiral of depression by theorizing that:
depressed behavior leads to even fewer opportunities for social rewards.
pattern of behavior
x consitst of 2 parts and and b; x=AB, A consists of a and b and B consists of c, d and e; X=abcde, behavior can be described in any of 3 levels but no 1 level is better than any of the others
Someone who is experiencing “doubling” is:
feeling like his or her mind is floating above him or her.
Give an example of a trait theory of personality
The Five-Factor Model
Openness: (open to new ideas vs. conventional & narrow in interests)
Conscientiousness: (responsible & organized vs. irresponsible & careless)
Extroversion: (sociable & talkative vs. withdrawn & quiet)
Agreeableness: (trusting & good-natured vs. suspicious & ruthless)
Neuroticism: (emotionally unstable & moody vs. emotionally stable & easygoing)
Which of the following is the best example of “reduce responsiveness” as it relates to posttraumatic stress disorder?
feeling detached or estranged from others and loss of interest in activities
What are the rules of involuntary confinement?
Must pose a danger to self or others, or have all other treatment options exhausted. 72 hours initially, which may be extended to 2 weeks following court hearing.
/ 78

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online