characters from "The Odyssey" Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Achaens/Achae
Greek
Hestea
answer...
Argus
Odysseus's dog
Laestrygonians
cannibalistic people
Laertes
Odysseus's father
Scheria
AKA Phaceans
Penelope
Odysseus's wife
telemechus
Odysseus' son
Eurynome
Penelope's housekeeper
Telemakhos
Odysseus's son
Megapenthes
son of Menelaus
Tirèstias
blind Theban seer
Persephone
wife of Hades
Eumaeus
swineheard of Odysseus
telemachus
son of odysseus
Elysian Fields
Greek Heaven
Autolycus
grandfather of Oddyseus.
Odysseus
king of Ithaca
eurycleia
odysseus's old nurse
Rhadamanthys
rules the elysian fields
demodocus
blind singer of phaeacians
Arete
queen of the Phaecians
Hermes
Messenger of the Gods
Alkinoos
The king of Skheria
Mentes
King of the Taphians
Eurylochus
another member of the crew
dawn
known for her rosy fingers
Muse
9 patrons of the arts
Tiresias
Theban prophet in the Underworld
Melántho
handmaid of Penelope, became Eurýmachus' mistress.
Sparta
city of Helen and Menalaus
Circe
The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus's crew into swine when he lands on her island. With Hermes' help, Odysseus resists Circe's powers and then becomes her lover, living in luxury at her side for a year.
river styx
river to the underworld
Nectar
life-giving drink of the gods
Calypso
Goddess that holds Odysseus captive
Antinoos
One of the lead suitors
poseidon
greek god of the sea
Lotus-Eaters
people who eat the lotus plant
Orestes
Agamemnon's son who avenges his father's death
eumaios
The Ithakan swineherd who takes Odysseus in when he returns home in the guise of a beggar.
Eurymachus
A manipulative, deceitful suitor. His charisma and duplicity allow him to exert some influence over the other suitors. He begs Odysseus to spare him.
Nobody
person who claimed responsibility for the cyclops' suffering
Pisistratus
Youngest son of Nestor, friends telemachus
Achaeans/Argives
words used to describe the Greeks
Nausikaa
The daughter of Alkinoos. Helps Odysseus to feel welcome in the world again
Hermione -
Daughter of Menelaus and Helen.
Eumaes
swine herd. Loyal shepard; helps Odysseus reclaim his thrown aafter he returns to Ithaca. Gives him food & shelter
Antinous
The most arrogant of Penelope's suitors. Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when Odysseus returns.
Nausicaa
The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. Nausicaa discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria and, out of budding affection for him, ensures his warm reception at her parents' palace.
Homer
writer of Odyssey and Illiad; lived 750 B.C.; bard
Clytemnestra
Agamemnon's wife who killed him with her lover
Amphimedon
suitor killed by Telemachus, who joins Agamemnon in the underworld and tells him about the suitors fate
Aegyptius
father of the suitor Eurynomus and wise elder of Ithica
Achilles
Odysseus sees him in the Underworld; he longs to be alive after wishing to have ultimate fame, in which the consequence is death; he is an example of someone who regrets dying for kleos
Sisyphus
Was punished in the underworld with the task of rolling a rock up an infinitely high mountain.
Kirke
Daugther of Helios, a witch goddess that posion Odysseus's men into swine and wants Odysseus to be her mate. Odysseus stays on her island for a year.
Argos
Odysseus' puppy when he left Ithaka; the dog is now pretty old upon Odysseus' return
Athena
Goddess, daughter of Zeus and Metis, Zeus's favorite daughter; Power- the goddess of war, civilization, wisdom, strength, strategy, crafts, justice and skill in Greek mythology. Relationships- Helps Odysseus and Telemachus, second only to Zeus as object of reverence.
Mentor
a faithful friend of Odysseus, wise and loyal
Eurykleia
Faithful old servent of Odysseus and his family
Lady Montague
Romeo's mother, Montague's wife. She dies of grief after Romeo is exiled from Verona.
zues
son of cronus; king of the sky
Olympos
the place where the Greek gods rule
Aegisthus
While Agamemnon was away at troy, he became the lover of his wife, Clytemnestra. When Agamemnon returned, he and/or Clytemnestra killed him
Charybdis
feminine monster in the form of a giant whilpool across Scylla
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Helen's abduction from Sparta by the Trojans sparked the Trojan War. Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers
Helen
Nestor
King of Pylos who gives Odysseus the bag of winds
Proteus
Old man of the sea, never lies. Menelaus tells Telemachus about the time when he had to hold him down to find out how to leave the island
Polyphemus
A Cyclops, son of Poseidon, who traps Odysseus and his men in a cave, so the audacious Odysseus stabs him in the eye
Phaeacians
lived on the island of Scheria and were ruled by Alcinous
Zeus
the ruler of the Greek gods and goddess
Clytemnestra -
Daughter of Leda and Tyndareus, queen of Argos, husband of Agamemnon, and (not as beautiful) sister of Helen. Agamemnon kills her daughter Iphegenia, and Clytemnestra is bitter.
Aeolus
King who gives Odysseus a bag that controls the winds, but turns him away when Odysseus returns because he thinks that he is hated by the Gods.
Hades (Pluto)
Brother of Zeus, God of the underworld
Mercutio
A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo's close friend. Mercutio loves wordplay, especially sexual double entendres. He finds Romeo's romanticized ideas about love tiresome, and tries to convince Romeo to view love as a simple matter of sexual appetite. He is a foil for Romeo.
Helen
woman given to Paris as a bribe for choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess
Perséphonë
wife of Hades, queen of kingdom of the dead
Scylla
a 6-headed monster that ate 1 man for every head; sat yelping in her cave all day
Atlas
a Titan condemned by Zeus to hold the world upon his shoulders
Cyclops
Clan of Giants or The one killed by Odysseus named Polyphemus
Lotus Eaters
People who live on an island filled with lotus fruit, which erases your memory
Menelaus
Son of Atreus, husband of Helen, he is also the king of Lacedaemon (Sparta) and the brother of Agamemnon
The Land of the Dead
Where Teiresias lives and where Odysseus must go in order to find the path home
The test of the bed
episode in the odyssey -- review events in your study questions
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