Characters of the Odyssey Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Laestrygonians
cannibals
Troy
citadel
Laestragonians
cannibals
Odysseus
main character
laertes
Odysseus' father
penelope
odysseus's wife
Charybdis
The whirlpool
Telemechus
Odysseus's son
Menelaus
king of Sparta
telemachus
son of odysseus
Phoebus
Epithet of Apollo
Adraste
handmaid of helen
Ithica
kingdom of odysseus
Circe
Enchantress who helped Odysseus
Persephone
Queen of the Underworld
Aeaea
Island home of Circe
Halitherses
old man, fortune teller
aeolus
god of the winds
Polyphemus
Posidons son (a cyclops)
Eumaeus
loyal swineherd of Odysseus
Antionous
Leader among the suitors
insidious
characterized by craftiness and betrayal
Zeus
King of gods and men
Achaeans
collective term for all greeks
calypso
sea goddess who loved Odysseus
Kyklopes
Giant one-eyed man eating monsters.
Perimedes
member of Odysseus' crew (P)
Nausicaa
daughter of King Alcinous (white-armed)
eurycleia
loyal servant, keeps telemachus's journey secret from penelope, keeps odysseus's identity secret when she discovers his scar
Proteus
Old man of the sea
sisyphus
spirit tormented in punishment, rock
Eurynome
A hand maiden of Penelope.
Eidothea
Proteus' daughter who helps Menelaus trick Proteus
Melanthius
is a treacherous and opportunistic goatherd who supports the suitors, especially Eurymachus, and abuses the beggar who appears in Odysseus's palace, not realizing that the man is Odysseus himself.
Agamemnon
king and leader of Greek forces
Philoeteus
cowherd, one of Odysseus's loyal servants
Polycástë
youngest daughter of nestor, bathes odysseus
Actoris
penelope's "Slave:" gift from her dad
Leodes
A minor prophet who predicted Odysseus's homecoming and was killed by him in the slaughter in the halls.
Laestrygones
cannibal inhabitants of a distant land
Philotius
Odysseus;s chief cowherd. He help Odysseus fight the suitors.
Sirens
Irresistible singers whose voices lead men to their deaths
Hermes
messenger of the gods, zeus' son
Athena
Goddess of wisdom, skills and warfare
Orestes
son of Agamemnon who killed Aegisthus and his mother Clytemnestra
Aphrodite
goddess of love and beauty and daughter of Zeus in ancient mythology
Arete
Wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa; Queen of Phaecia; her name means "excellence"
Themis
goddess of justice and order, presides over human customs and social behavior
Tiresias
A Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld. he shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with other souls in Hades. Blind prophet of Thesbes.
Scylla
female monster with six serpent heads, each head having a triple row of fangs
Helen
Daughter of Zeus, wife of Menelaus, started Trojan war
Nobody
The fake name Odysseus gave to Polyphemus to trick him - Unfortunately Odysseus hubris did not allow him to keep from telling Cyclops his name
Aegyptius
Father of the suitor Eurynomus and wise elder of Ithica
Aegithsus
Steals Agamemnon's wife while he is away at war, and kills him when he returns. Killed by Orestes.
Antinous
Worst suitor. Plans an execution of Telelmachus.
Kharybidis
typhoon. near fig tree. people got sucked in
Cyclopes
A race of savage one-eyed giants (singular: Cyclops)
apollo
God of music, sun, prophecy, and medicine
Tantalus
Committed crimes against the gods, he was compelled to suffer everlasting torment: the fruit and water that hovered near his lips would always somehow slip beyond his reach when he tried to satisfy his eternal thirst and hunger.
Mentor
a form borrowed by Athena often, the man whom Odysseus left in charge of his household
Swine
Intro what kind of animal does Circe transform Odysseus' men into
Seer
A person who can see into the future.
Elpenor
member of crew who died on Circe's island
Lampetia
nymph; was the daughter of Helios and Neaera; she was the personification of light. With her sister, Phaethusa, she guarded the cattle of Thrinacia.
Eurymachus
the other evil suitor; the meanest of the suitors
the laistrygones
The scary and not-quite human folk that the Ithakans encounter in Lamos on the way home from Troy. Their king is Antiphates, whom you may remember as the blood-drinking guy.
Paris (par'is)
prince of Troy, whose elopement with Helen caused the Trojan War.
Lotus Eaters
Eat lotus and forget about their homes.
Amphinomus
One of suitors that tried to kill Odysseus, but got killed by Telemachus
Erebus
dark area of underworld where the dead arise
The Laestrygonians
giant people who are pretty much cannibals
they eat many of Odysseus's men
poseidon
god of sea, tries to get revenge on odysseus for blinding polyphemus
Nestor
King of Pylos and a former warrior in the Trojan War. Like Odysseus, Nestor is known as a clever speaker. Telemachus visits him in Book 3 to ask about his father, but Nestor knows little of Odysseus's whereabouts.
posiedon
God of the sea, as well as an ever-angry and vengeful grudge-holder. He's the one who forces Odysseus to wander the sea for nearly twenty years, all because the man stabbed his son's eye out and made a big stinkin' deal about it afterwards.
Diomedes (di' d me'dez)
Greek hero at the Trojan War.
Arcadia (är ka'de d)
mountain district in the south of ancient Greece.
Eplenor
?
Helios
Sun god.
Cassandra
Lover of Agamemnon
Argos
Odysseus' faithful dog
Clytemnestra
Wife of Agamemnon
Priam
aged king of troy
Eurylochus
Another powerful suitor (Penelope's)
Home of Zeus
Mount Olympus
Rhapsode
recites epics from memory
Phaeacians
people who bring Odysseus home
Teresias
blind prophet, gives Odysseus information in the Underworld
Philoetius
Cowheard who fights with Odysseus
Aegisthus
lover of Clytemnestra and co-conspirator in Agamemnon's murder
Mentes
family friend, Taphian captain; disguise Athena undertakes while visiting in the first book
Deiphobus
son of Priam (king of Troy)
Ino
Daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. Nursed Dionysus as a baby. An extreme Maenad. Saved Odysseus from being swallowed by Poseidon's storm in book 5.
dawn
dawn w/ her "fingertips of rose"
Aigisthos
clytemnestra's lover; helps to kill agamemnon
Iphitihme
wife of Eumelus, sister of Penelope
Melantho
Sister of Melanthius and maidservant in Odysseus's palace. Like her brother, abuses the beggar in the palace, not knowing that the man is Odysseus. She is having an affair with Eurymachus.
eurlochus
One of odyssus's loyal crew members
Neleus
Fatherof Nestor; former king of Pylos
Theoclymenus
son of Polypheides, was an exiled prophet from Argos; killing one of his relatives. He fled to Pylos and sought refuge aboard the ship of Telemachus
Arnaeus
the ithican beggar who was nicknamed Irus
Alcmeaon
son of Amphiaraus the seer and Eriphyle.
Memnon
handsome son of Dawn, killed by Achilles
Muse
any of 9 daughters of Zeus
supposed to inspire
phaecia
land of the phaeacians, last place where odysseus was before returning home
Cronus
father of the king of the gods
dolius
faithful servant to Penelope and her family.
Hyperian
First homeland of the Phaecians whence they are driven by the cyclops
Alcinous
king who listens to Odysseus' story and gives him a ship to travel home
he died after falling of circes roof
elpenor
Aias
Son of Telamon, who quarreled w. Odysseus over Achilleus' armor.
Hephaestus
the only ugly god, he was highly honored for his skilled work as smithy to the gods
Méntës
athena takes on his form when she talks to Telémachus
Telemachos
Son of Odysseus, wants to measure up to his father, has to learn to be a man.
Amphinomos
A suitor, he was deemed innocent and before the slaughter Odysseus warned him to escape while he could, or he will die too. He doesn't heed the warning and dies anyways
EURYMACHOS
One of the lead suitors; says eagles fighting don't mean anything
Pisistratus
The son of Nestor guides Telemachus to Menelaus' palace in Sparta and serves as a kind of brotherly role model. Athena approves of his manners when he offers her (disguised as Mentor) a libation before he offers one to the younger Telemachus.
Tiresius
prophet in realm of dead, don't touch the flock of suns (cows)
Aphrodite (af' rd di'te)
goddess of love and beauty.
Cicones
Name of the people of Ismarus sacked by Odysseus
Dionysus
God of wine, fertility and joy. He is hardly central in the Odyssey; Homer mentions him only tangentially.
allegory
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning
Euryalus
• one of the most handsome of the Phaeacians
• gives Odysseus a bronze sword when forced to apologize to Odysseus by Alcinous
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
ares
god of war, son of zeus and hera, one of aphrodite's lovers
Niobe
answer...
Paris
Helen's lover
Ithaca
Odysseus' home
Anticleia
Odysseus mother
Asphálion
attendent of Meneláus
Eumaeous
-Loyal swine herd
Trojans
people of Troy
Alkinoos and Arete
answer...
Laódamas
favorite son of Alcíoüs
Antinoos
leader of Penelope's suitors
Bórëas
personification of the north wind
Nausikaa
Phaiakian princess who befriends Odysseus when he washes up on the shores of Scheria
Hermione
Spartan, daughter of Menelaus and Helen, wife of Pyrrhus, she deserted him to marry Orestes.
iros
begger, gets beat up buy odysseus
Perimedes and Eurylochus
members of Odysseus' crew
Demodokos
the blind singer of the phaeacians
Eumaeus
SWINEHEARD, one of Odysseus' loyal servants
Phemius
singer at Odysseus's home in Ithaca who is saved from slaughter by Telemachus
Phaeacia
island kingdom ruled by king Alcinous. The Phaeacians are shipbuilders and traders.
Dëíphobus
gifted Helen for his valor. Later killed by Menaláus.
Weavers
concieved as goddesses who weave the fabric of human life
theoklymenos
Prophet from argos, Telemakhos let him on the ship, killed cousin
lotus-eaters
people who feed Odysseus's men plants to make them forget Ithaca
Leucothea
Ino's name after she bacame a divinity.
Lotos-eaters
Live on the island of the Lotos-Eaters, eat the Lotos-Flowers, which are similar to drugs
Ismaros
capital of cicones, located in thrace, near troy
Philoitios
the cowherd who remains loyal to Odysseus and fights alongside him
Ogygia Island
Island where Odysseus is held captive
Menelaus
King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4
Ajax
Defeated by Odysseus in a contest for Achillies armor
Eris
the goddess of discord, and she is angered by the oversight. She creates a golden apple to give "to the fairest."
Thyestes
Should be king of Mycenae, but is tricked out of his birthright. Father of Aegisthus.
Akhilleus
A hero that wanted to die with glory but then once he dies he talks to Odysseus in the underworld and says hed rather be living regular.
Achea
used by homer to refer to all of greece
Cyclops
one of a race of giants having a single eye in the middle of their forehead
Laetres
Odysseus' father
Crataéus
mother of Scylla
laeretes
father of o
Néreïds
nymphs of the sea
Geranian
Another name for Nestor
Aeolia
The island where Aeolus lives
Agamnemnon
Husband of cheating murderer wife
Eurymakhos
2nd boldest suitor, smooth-talker, manipulative, bad greek
Neoptolemus
son of Achilles, married to Hermione
Phrontis
Onetor's son, steersman of Menelaos' ship
Nationality
Epic convention: pride for one's country
Peleus
father of Achilles, husband of Thetis.
oikos
devotion to the household and family
alcinoos
king of seria, father of nauslca
Hermíonë
daughter of Meneláus and Helen. Wife to Neoptólemus
Eupithes
The nymph who advised Menelaus to capture proteus, the god of the island, to discern how to escape
Ikarios
Penelope's father. none of the suitors have figured out howt o properly woo penelope by winning her father's affection
Agamemenon
husband of Clytemnestra & killed by her, fought in battle, he surprised Clytemnestra when he came home and thats why he was killed
King Priam
ruler of troy with son paris
Medon
the crier/informant, T saves his life by stopping O from killing him when O acts like an animal on a killing streak
Alcinous
king of Phaeacia. Odysseus tells the story of his adventures to Alcinous' court.
Oedipus
Son of Laius and Jocasta. Greek King of Thesbes. Completed prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Tried to avoid prophecies but it didn't work. FATE.
Achilles
son of Peleus and Thetis, father of Neoptolemus and a great hero in the Trojan War of the Iliad, killed by Paris
Hera
wife and sister of Zeus, with Athena. A major supporter of the Greeks in the Troy
Demeter
goddess of the grain crops, sister of Zeus and mother of Persephone.
Ogygia
The home of the nymph Calypso, where Odysseus is trapped for seven years.
Aethon
Name assumed by Odysseus when he is disguised as the beggar
Aeson
son of Tyro and Cretheus and father of Jason
Alkinoos
He is the king of Phaecia who keeps Odysseus . He is the husband of Arete.
Greek Hospitality
The concept that you must feed and clothe a stranger before asking questions abou them.
Amphinomus -
Among the dozens of suitors, the only decent man seeking Penelope's hand in marriage.
Eumaios (o my swineherd)
The loyal swineherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca
persona and shadow
What are the two parts of Carl Jung's theory?
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