Characters of the Odyssey 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
theoclymenos
prophet
Menelaus
answer...
Telemachus
Odysseus' son
laertes
odysseus's father
Penelope
Odysseus wife
Anticleia
od's mother
Telemakhos
Odysseus' son
Helios
Sun god
AD
anno domini
Melanthius
Goatherd, bad
Cronus
Zeus's dad
Hermes
messenger of gods
Híppotas
father of Aéolus
eurymachus
suitor of Penelope
Arete
wife of alcinous
Argos
odysseus's old dog
Hades
The underworld- Hell
Eos
God of wind
Telemachy
adventures/wanderings of Telemachus—first 4 Books
Zeus
king od gods
Alcinous
King of the Phaecians
Orestes
Agamemnon's son (kills Aegisthus)
Arceisius
paternal grandfather of Odyssey
Circe
enchantress who helped Odysseus
Pisastratus
accompanies Telemachus to Sparta
Odysseus' crew
travelled with Odysseus
Aeolus
God of the winds
Pylos
First city Telemachus visits
Eurylochus
Leader of the mutiny
Demodocus
blind singer of the Phaeacians
Charybdis
whirlpool that pulls ships under
Laestrygonians
tribe of cannibal barbarians, seriously defeat Odysseus and his men
Iphigenia
Sacrificed by her father, Agamemnon.
Eris
Founder of the golden apple
Polydamna
wife of Thon, an eqyptian.
Calypso
Goddess-nymph, daughter of Atlas, lives on Ogygia, kept Odysseus for Seven years
Proem
A preface or preamble (invocation)
the Phaecians
ppl that bring Odysseus home
Demodocus .
Blind bard of the Phaeacians
sirens
creatures known for their alluring sweet song. when ships approached their island which lay near scylla dn charybdis the sailors heard the song of the sirens and were so transfixed that they forgot their homeland
Amphimomus
suitor that most pleased Penelope. Slaughtered with the rest of the suitors.
Eumaeus
old swineherd and friend of Odysseus
broadsea
phaeacian that insults and questions odysseus
Mentor
another disguise taken on by Athena
Achilles
-dipped in pool to be invulnerable
-greatest Greek warrior
-shot in the achilles tendon
-"Would rather slave on earth than rule the dead"
athena
Goddess of wisdom, skills, and warfare
Moly
herb that protected Odysseus from Circe's spell; given to him by Hermes
Cyclops
Giant ogre with one eye only
Phaikians
people of the island of Skheria
Amphimedon
Suitor of Penelope killed by Telemachus at the end of story. Ghost tells Agamemnon's how suitors are
Poseidon
God of sea, earthquakes, horses, and storms at sea
Nausithous
son of Poseidon, father of Alcinous and Rhexenor, founder of Phaeacia
Odysseus
main character who journeys after the Trojan War to get home
Nausicaa
daughter of alcinoos, beautiful as a goddess
agamemnon
(Greek mythology) the king who lead the Greeks against Troy in the Trojan War
mentes
how athena appears to telemakhos at first -- son of Ankhialos, rules a ship
Aias
Greek warrior at the Trojan War, appears in the First Nekuia
Elpenor
Youngest member of Odysseus' crew. The morning of their departure from Circe's island, he falls from the rooftop and dies. Odysseus meets with his shade in Hades, who charges him to go back to Ithaka and give his body a proper burial
ino
once mortal who rescues odysseus by giving him a scarf of immortality
Philoetius
The loyal oxherd of Odysseus who respects him as a beggar and joins him, Telemachus and Eumaeus in the slaughter of the suitors.
Apollo
god of music, poetry, prophecy, and medicine
Aegisthus
murders Agamemnon (has an affair with Clymenestra)
Scylla
A six-headed female monster that eats six of the men. odysseus feels guilty about the deaths because he did not warn the men and chose that route out of his own selfish curiosity.
Iros
town beggar; fights with odysseus over whether he or odysseus can beg in the hall
allusion
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Nohbody
what Odysseus calls himself to the cyclops
Antinious
A suitor of penelope's, first one to die, most boastful
elphenor
campanion of odysseus who was given a proper burial
antinous
the lead and most arrogant suitor of penelope. portrayed as rude and loud, disrespectful (as all the suitors are)
Ajax
King of Salamis. Took part and was killed in the Trojan War.
Priam
King of Troy, father of Paris and Hector
helen
wife of menelaus. reason for start of trojan war.
Styx
River in the Underworld by which the Gods swear binding oaths
Tiresias
the prophet of Thebes - foretells all of Odysseus's troubles and wanderings
Scheria
The land of Alcinous and Arete, where Odysseus is sent on his raft from Ogyia and where he stays to tell his story before being transported home.
Hera
Zeus' wife, goddess of power and the protector of marriage
Cronus
Titan ruler of the universe; father of Zeus
Maron
Priest of Apollo among the Ciconnes, a people allied to Troy; possessor of a special potent vintage of wine that he gives to Odysseus in appreciation of his protection
mount olympus
a mountain peak in northeast Greece near the Aegean coast
epithet
a phrase that is used to describe a person; a nickname; Odysseus the wanderer
Nestor
King of Pylos who is the first person Telemachus goes to seek for information about his father. He is very generous to Telemachus and gives him supplies and some of his sons as companions. His advice and information is also very helpful.
Persephone
abducted by Hades and forced to be his queen six months of the year
Sisyphus
As a punishment from the gods for his trickery, was compelled to roll a huge rock up a steep hill, but before he could reach the top of the hill, the rock would always roll back down again, forcing him to begin again
Skylla
A six headed monster that eats up 6 of Odysseus's men
The Lotus Eaters
People who eat a plant that makes them forget about home and want to stay there to eat more.
Erebus
The underworld
Eurynome
Penelope's housekeeper
Argus
Odysseus's dog
Achaeans
the Greeks
Anticleaia
odysseus' mom
Athene
goddess of war
Atrides
Son of Atreus
Euryalus
Young Phaeacian prince
Nectar
Drink of the dods.
Aeaea
Island home of Circe
Eurycleia
Penelope's attendant, maidservant, nursed Odysseus and Telemakhos when they were young, keeps Odysseus' true identity and Telemakhos journey secret
Zues
king of the gods
Medon
a herald on Ithaca
Argives
Alternate name for the Acheans
Troy
city where Paris takes Helen
Clytemnestra
Kills Agamemnon after Trojan war
Morpheus (môr'fe ds)
god of dreams.
Polyphemus
the Cyclops who imprisoned Odysseus
Eurylochus
one of Odysseuss' loyal crew
Círcë
goddess and enchantress, daughter of Hélios
850-700 B.C.
When was the Odyssey written?
Eupeithes
Antinous' father, enraged after the slaying of his son, leads the suitors' relatives in the attack against Odysseus. He is slain by the reinvigorated Laertes.
Tantalos
forever tantalized by food in hades
Argo (är'go)
Ulysses' old, faithful hunting hound.
Artemis
Goddess of the hunt and moon
the most arrogant of the suitors
antinous
Cowherd
philotius, helps Eumaios assist O in retaking his house and killing the suitors
Pisistratus
son of Nestor who travels with Telemachus in search of Odysseus
Classic (Greek)
Literary Hero Archetype: usually based on Greek myth, a hero with super-human strength, magical powers and who is immortal
Eteoneus
slave, first to greet Telemachus at Menelaus' palace
Eurymachos
Ringleader of the suitors whose words illustrate the suitors' rejection of their society's most important morals
Athene (d the'ne)
goddess of wisdom and battle.
Cicones
Trojan allies, living in Thrace, to the north of Troy
Laodamus
favorite son of the King of Phaecia
Outis
"nobody" the name Odysseus gave to Polyphemus
Melantho
A maid who abused Odysseus, who was disguised as a beggar, and the lover of Eurymachos.
Thetis
sea goddess of, mother of Achilles by Pélaus
theoclymenus
seer on Itaca who tells Penelope that Odysseus is on native soil.
Discord
God who causes a fight between the goddesses over who is the most beautifu
Athena -
Or Pallas Athena, goddess, daughter of Zeus, defender of the Achaeans. A patron of human ingenuity and resourcefulness, whether exemplified by handicrafts, such as spinning or weaving, or by skill in human relations, such as that possessed by Odysseus, her favorite among the Greeks.
Phemios
Ithakan bard; sings of the Trojan War to Penelope; spared from death due to his loyalty to Odysseus during his absence
Amphinomos
One of the suitors that is basically good at heart. A minor plotline in the Odyssey is how he becomes trapped in his fate with the other suitors.
Atlas
The Titan who holds the world upon his shoulders
irus
A cowardly bully who is a beggar on Ithaca defeated by odysseus
Atlas (at'lds)
Titan who supports the heavens on his shoulders.
Telemachus*
Son of Odysseus who goes off in search of his father
Phaeacians
The kind people on the final stop of Odysseus' journey who send him home (Princess Nausica); ruled by Anc
Eutycleia
Loyal maid of Odysseus - knew him as a child
The Lotus- Eaters
were a race of people from an island near North Africa who were dominated by lotus plants
/ 134
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online