Families, Kinship, and Marriage Flashcards

married couple
Terms Definitions
Plural marriages
related by marriage
Blood ties between people.
consanguineal kin
Biologically related relatives, commonly referred to as blood relatives.
fictive kinship
Relationships among individuals who recognize kinship obligations although the relationships are not based on either consanguineal or affinal ties.
Unilineal descent groups composed of related clans.
the customs, rules, and obligations that establish a special relationship between sexually cohabiting adults, between them and any children they take responsibility for, and between the kin of the married couple
lineal kin
Blood relations linked through descent, such as Ego, Ego's mother, Ego's grandmother, and Ego's daughter.
Kin relationships traced through a linking relative.
The basic residential unit where economic production, consumption, inheritance, childrearing, and shelter are organized and carried out.
a unilineal kinship group whose members believe themselves to be descended from a common ancestor but who cannot trace this link through known relatives
patrilineal descent
people automatically have lifetime memebership in their father's group
neolocal residence
System under which a couple establishes an independent household after marriage.
extended family
Family based on blood relations extending over three or more generations.
kinship system
Those relationships found in all societies that are based on blood or marriage.
A network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual rights and obligations.
Iroquois system
A system associated with unilineal descent in which the father and father's brother are called by the same term, as are the mother and the mother's sister.
Hawaiian system
Kinship reckoning in which all relatives of the same sex and generation are referred to by the same term.
The socially designated father of a child, who may or may not be the biological father.
complementary opposition
A political structure in which higher-order units form alliances that emerge only when lower-order units come into conflict.
surrogate motherhood
A variety of reproductive technologies in which a woman helps a couple to have a child by acting as a biological surrogate, carrying an embryo to term.
A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do.
when the husband dies, widow marries brother
matrilineal descent
people join the mother's group automatically at birth and stay members throughout life
plural marriage; marriage to more than one spouse simultaneously
stem family
A nuclear family with a dependent adult added on.
An animal, plant, or other aspect of the natural world held to be ancestral or to have other intimate relationships with members of a group.
a group of kin whose members trace descent from a known common ancestor
parallel cousins
The children of a parent's same-sex siblings (mother's sisters, father's brothers).
nuclear family
The most basic family unit, composed of wife, husband, and children.
a lineage formed by descent in the male line
A lineage formed by descent in the female line.
The practice of a woman marrying the husband of her deceased sister.
a lineage formed by descent in the female line
A rule prescribing that a person must marry within a particular group.
a rule specifying that a person must marry outside a particular group
Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption. The family may take many forms, ranging from a single parent with one or more children, to a married couple or polygamous spouses with or without offspring, to several generations of parents and their children.
double descent
the tracing of descent through both matrilineal and patrilineal links, each of which is used for different purposes
collateral kin
Kin descended from a common ancestor but not in a direct ascendent or descendent line, such as siblings and cousins.
goods presented by the groom's kin to the bride's kin to legitimize a marriage
group marriage
Marriage in which several men and women have sexual access to one another; also called co-marriage.
bilocal residence
System under which a married couple has the choice of living with the husband's or the wife's family.
kinship terminology
the words used to identify different categories of kin in a particular culture
progeny price
when the children are transferred to the husband's group
ambilineal descent
the rule of descent that affiliates individuals with groups of kin related to them through men or women
A unique kin network made up of all the people related to a specific individual in a bilateral kinship system.
domestic group (household)
Persons living in the same house, usually, but not always members of a family.
a rule that permits a person to be married to only one spouse at a time
patrilocal residence
A residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the husband's father's place of residence.
corporate descent groups
permanent units that have an existence beyond the individuals who are members at any given time
exogamous group
A group within which one is not permitted to marry.
cognatic descent
A form of descent traced through both females and males.
family of procreation
formed when one marries and has children
matrilocal residence
a pattern of residence in which a married couple lives with or near the wife's parents
sororal polygyny
A form of polygyny in which a man marries sisters.
The marriage of a man to two or more women at the same time.
horizontal function of kinship
The ways in which all kinship systems, by requiring people to marry outside their own small kinship group, function to integrate the total society through marriage bonds between otherwise unrelated kin groups.
serial monogamy
A marriage form in which a man or a woman marries or lives with a series of partners in succession.
nonsororal polygyny
marriage of a man to two or more women who are not sisters
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