Family Sociology Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
connection with another person
relationship
latent functions
unintended, unrecognized consequences or effects of any part of a social system or the system as a whole for the maintenance and stability of that system
ludis type
men's primary love type
differing views of role expectations
role conflict
self-revelation
disclosure of personal and intimate feelings (reiss, wtl)
anticipatory socialization
socialization directed toward learning future roles
scientific research
research that provides empirical evidence as a basis for knowledge or theories
eroticism
concerning or intending to arouse sexual desire
Whether either individual or structural approaches to solving work-family conflict have been more common approaches in the US
- individual
Ecological Perspective
applied to family violence contextualizes risk factors at four nested levels: macro (societal), meso (community), exo (relationship) and micro (individual)
behavior that is expected and anticipated from those who fill certain roles
role expectation
marriage market
analogy of the commercial marketplace to explain how individuals choose the people they date, mate, live with, and marry by "comparison shopping" and "bargaining for" the mate with the most desirable characteristics
variables
a factor or concept whose value changes from one case or observation to another.
philos
deep friendship or brotherly love and includes a love for humanity
structural functionalism
a theoretical perspective that views society as an organized system, analogous to the human system, that is made up of a variety of interrelated parts or structures that work together to generate social stability and maintain society; not a modern theory; focus on gender
Whether native-born or immigrant Asians are more likely to “outmarry”
- native born
Matrilineal Kinship
individuals belong to their mother's descent group. Matrilineal descent 
includes the mother's brother, who in some societies may pass along 
inheritance to the sister's children or succession to a sister's son.
Gender Regime
the configuration of gender relations within a particular setting or social institution, (while still male-dominated institution, the gender regime of the American family continued to undergo changes in the 20th century)
Family Ideologies
incorporate a set of family-related values and beliefs that reflect the interests and beliefs of a social group or society and form the basis of political action
Health promotion
the process of increasing the knowledge and capacity to improve health among individuals groups and communities
Welfare state
a wide range of government-sponsored programs and legislations designed to improve the social and economic well-being of families and individuals, particularly in times of need
a role that is automatically acquired such as that of son or daughter
given role
homogamy
the attraction of people who are alike in terms of various social and demographic characteristics such as race, age, religious background, social class, and education
households
all persons who occupy a housing unit, such as a house, apartment, single room, or other space intended to be living quarters
mania
a style of loving that combines eros and ludus, is characterized by obsession and possessiveness. it is a jealous and stressful love that demands constant displays of attention, caring, and affection from the partner.
pragma
a style of loving that combines ludus and storge, is logical, sensible, and practical.
The largest Latino group in the US
- Mexicans
The Latino group that benefited from its members’ official status as “political refugees”
- Cuban
The name for the theoretical approach that viewed African American families as “impoverished versions of white families”
- deficit/pathology
Reproductive Work
care work, the work women usually perform like taking care of children, cooking, cleaning, etc.
Social Capital
an intangible resource that inheres in the quality of relationships; can be found in strong, supportive families or other social networks and facilitates certain goals or objectives

(Ex: the opportunity to remain at home during a transitional period)
Hierarchical compensatory model
suggests that people choose their supports initially from their inner family circle and then outward to receive assistance from less intimate sources as they need more help
a condition in which both people in a relationship contribute to the feelings and actions that support the relationship
mutuality
polyandry
a form of marriage in which one female is married to two or more males
assume power is people's main objective and conflict is the major feature of social life; assumption that equality is the central problem
critiques of conflict theory
romantic love
a deeply tender or highly intense set of feelings, emotions, and thoughts coupled with sexual passion and erotic expression directed by one person toward another.
Know the average number of children women on welfare actually had from 1992-2004 and the average number of children shown in TV news stories during this period of time
- actual=2- TV=3
The Latino group that has immigrated to the US mainly since the 1970s, primarily as the result of dislocations created by political repression, civil wars, and economic problems
- Central Americans
The specific term for a family in which the parents are citizens of their former country, while the children are legal American citizens
- Binational
The Kinsey Report
Alfred Kinsey published the results of thousands of interviews with men about their sexual behaviorit was dry and statisticalthe findings shocked the countryhalf of all the men acknowledged having had erotic feelings toward other menone third had at least one sexual experience with another manone out of eight had had sexual experiences predominantly with other men for at least three yearsand four percent had sexual experiences exclusively with other men
Unintended family policy consequences
the negative consequences on family life as a result of well-intended government policy
Family Policy
a coherent set of principles about the state’s role in family life, which is implemented through legislation or a plan of action
tends to ignore objective realities of inequalities (ie, race, class and gender)
critiques of symbolic interactionism
sociological imagination
a way of looking at the world whereby one sees the relations between and biography within society.
modified extended family
family in which a variety of relatives live, not necessarily in the same household, but in very close proximity to one another, interact on a frequent basis, and provide emotional and economic support to each other
Whether kin relationships among people in the book were based primarily on biological and legal standards
- kin biological and neighbors, difficulties w/ the legal system
The term for the strategy used by current researchers to challenge previous myths and assumptions regarding Latino families
- revisionist strategy
2 major kinds of influences that should be included in a “holistic approach” to studying African American families
- historical, cultural, economical
Kiernan's 4 Stages of Cohabitation Model
1) majority married directly cohabitation emerges as a deviant behavior2) cohabitation is a short prelude to marriage (eventually you get married)3) cohabitation becomes socially acceptable alternative to marriage ( you don't have to get married) having kids is not restricted to marriage4) cohabitation and marriage become socially and legally indistinguishable (no difference between the two) kids are born and raised in both
Filial piety
rooted in the idea that the core of moral behaviour lies in several obligations that children owe to parents (ex: respect and caregiving)
fulfillment of personality needs
the ability of each partner to satisfy the needs of the other (reiss, wtl)
Whether Newman found evidence that male relatives living apart from their children contributed money to support them
- yes, inner city fathers do
What the term “marriage squeeze” refers to with regard to African Americans
- more marriageable African American women than men
By what proportion the number of mixed marriages has increased in the US since 1980
- the humber has doubled
What recent sociological research shows regarding emotional adjustment of children who grow up in same sex families
- no amount of emotional problems more than heterosexual parents
Marriage as a \"Capstone Experience\"
even though marriage isn't as dominant as it once was it is more distinctmarried couples stand out morewent from a marker of conformity to a marker of prestige before marriage a persons life is put in order as in they get a job and are financially stable, whereas before marriage happened before anything like that happens
The 4 general hypotheses with regard to the contemporary American family
- emergence of "modern" nuclear family form- decline of nuclear family form-increasing heterogeneity of family forms-increasing importance of multigenerational bonds
Whether most inner-city families are dysfunctional
- no, they do not fit this stereotype
What is the psychological impact of racism on children?
Pachter found that 88% of minority children (ages 9-18) had experiences at least one incident of racism nearly 12% had experienced racial discrimination in at least half of the situations described in the surveymost common forms of discrimination were racial remarks, being called insulting names and being followed by security guards in storesexperiences were similar for Latinos and African Americans, boys and girls, and young and old kids19=multiracial2/3=African American277=min children
Whether kin members always exchanged goods or services with each other at the same time, and the implications of this
- no, in the future they are expected to repay
The distinction that people in the book made between the terms mother and mama
- mother - biological- mama - kin who raise children
Describe two of the major changes to the welfare system in 1996
- fewer people on welfare- more child only cases
How many fathers in the study worked part-time, why they did so, and what happened to them
- 2 men, wanted to seek different roles but they became dissatisfied and returned to full time work
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