Federalism Quiz AP Gov Flashcards

Terms Definitions
national power
coin money
state power
ratify amendments to Constitution
State powers
Control public schools,Control local elections,Set up governments, Control trade in states, provide laws for safety,health, and welfare.
State of nature, humans are rational-->create a gov't for benefits cooperative, equality, surrender not as much freedom because people aren't fearful
Article VI
contains supremacy clause; establishes the constitution as "supreme law of the land"
Creative federalism
developed during President Lyndon Johnson's administration, it was characterized by the Great Society programs, which placed a major responsibility on federally funded programs.
interstate compacts
contracts between states that carry the force of law; generally now used as a tool to address multistate policy concerns
Regulatory Federalism
federal government puts regulations on states and business
National government is weak and most of all of the power is in the hands of its components (such as states)
Gibbons v. Ogden
"steamboat case". interstate commerce & transportation is dealt with by Congress.
terms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants
third-order devolution
the increased role of nonprofit organizations and private groups in policy implementation
Unfunded mandates
those regulations passed by Congress or issued by regulatory agencies to the states without federal funds to support them.
10th amendment
powers not granted to the national government nor prohibited to the states are reserved to the states or the people
Bill of attainder
A legislative act that inflicts punishment without a court trial
special revenue sharing
this program combined funding for various programs into a single block grant in such broad policy areas as health care, crime prevention, and community development and again allowed the states greater freedom as to how they could use the $
a power reserved by a constitution to the exclusive jurisdiction of a specified political authority
Intergovernmental Relations
the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local governments in a federal system
express preemption
a federal law or regulation that contains language explicitly displacing or superseding any contrary state or local laws
categorical grants
money given to states for specific, closely defined purposes, "strings attached"
Unitary system
a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
confederal system
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
US vs. Lopez
Gun Free School Zone--> Not commerce, police powers are reserved (10th Amend) for the states
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people
grants in aid
funds from the national government to state and local govs to help pay for programs created by federal gov
grant in aid
grants of fedreal money and other resources given to the states
ex post facto law
law passed after the fact, thereby making previously legal activity illegal and subject to curent penalty; prohibited by the U.S. Constitution
confederation or confederal system
a system in which the state governments are sovereign and the national government may do only what the states permit
US v. Morrison
the court, in a five to four decision, said that any attacks against womten are not, and do not substantially affect, interstate commerce, and hence congress cannot constitutionally pass such a law.
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