Film History Quiz 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Intended audience
urban intellectuals
Cinematographe
Lumiere Brothers; unique claw mechanism to engage and advance the film
Rashomon
Dir: Akira Kurasawa 1950Genre: SamuraiStory: 3 peasants recount a tale of murder and rape from 4 different perspectives w/ no clear truth provided.WII:1. Best foreign film Oscar was created for this film - introduced the West to Japanese film making.2. Unique episodic story structure that presents varied perspectives.3. Brilliant thinking mans film from one of world's most important directors.
Midnight Cowboy
1969Dir: John SchlesingerStory: Country Joe moves to NYC to find fortune as a gigilo until he falls on hard times and meets his manager Rizzo a street hustler.
an American film production and distribution company, located at 5555 Melrose Avenue in Hollywood. Founded in 1912 and currently owned by media conglomerate Viacom, it is America's oldest existing film studio; it is also the last major film studio still h
PARAMOUNT
_______________ was when most suburbans are Republicans and Conservative. The idea of moving to suburbs is to guarantee stability: housing values and standard of schools. Suburbans get a narrow view of the world: it creates a bubble where anything that ha
Suburban Conservatism
______________ became president when JFK was assassinated. He was not as publicly liked as JFK. He was from Texas and had no Civil Rights history. In the end, he became a better supporter of Civil Rights that JFK was because he was very good at manipulati
Lyndon Johnson
Ideology
A relatively coherent system of values, beliefs, or ideas shared by some social group and often taken for granted as natural or inherently true
Apocalypse Now
1979Dir: Francis Ford CoppolaStory: Captain must find and kill crazy general in Vietnam
Drive-In
any installation (a theater) designed to accommodate patrons in their automobiles
an American film director.[1] He mainly concentrated on comedies and literary adaptations. His career flourished at RKO and later MGM, where he directed What Price Hollywood? (1932), A Bill of Divorcement (1932), Dinner at Eight (1933), Little Women (1933
George Cukor
What were nickelodeons?
Storefront theaters furnished simply with wooden seats or benches
____________ traced the role of patriarchy on a societal level and husband-wife level. It was a rallying call showing that there was no solution to sexual politics within the institution of marriage.
Sexual Politics
Characteristics of late 50's
Economic prosperity, consumerism, Cars, suburbs, alcohol and cigarettes.
Narration
The process through which the plot conveys or withholds story information. The narration can be more or less restricted to character knowledfe and more or less deep in presenting characters' mental perceptions and thoughts.
Classic Genre
Easily identifiable films that define a genre
Saturday Night Fever
1977Dir: John BadhamStory: NY nightlife star seeks to elevate his station in life through dancing2. Captures mid 70's disco movement and actually revives it inn the hinterland though it had began to fade in NYC3. soundtrack becomes a huge hit and promotes use of soundtrack to sell films.
an American comic actor and filmmaker. He was best known for his silent films, in which his trademark was physical comedy with a consistently stoic, deadpan expression, earning him the nickname "The Great Stone Face".
Buster Keaton
a French filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest cinema. He was very innovative in the use of special effects. He accidentally discovered the stop trick, or substitution, in 1896, and was one of the first fil
George Melies
Porter
hired by Edison; 1st time any American film attempted to present a character's thoughts
________________ were Jewish members of the Communist Party, convicted in 1951, sentenced to death for selling secrets about the bomb to the soviets .
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Hollywood's reaction to TV
Mocks tv, widescreen gimmicks, drive-in, bigbudget epics, pushlimits of the production code, eventually resort to appealing to teens, Generation gap
Wipe
A transition between shots in whic ha line passes across the screen, eliminating the first show as it goes and replacing it with the next one
Cel Animation
Animation that uses a series of drawings on pieces of celluloid, called "cels" for short. Slight changes between the drawings combine to create an illusion of movement.
Late 60's politics
Economic prosperity, youth and their interests, Robert Kennedy and MLK assassinated, Nixon elected in 68', increase vietnam involvement, woodstock 69', sex and drugs, anti war, black panthers, summer riots, draft dodgers go to canada, vietnam footage on tv, altamont music violence 69', 70' kent state,
Hays Office = _______ =___________
production code
repressed sexual content from 1920-1960
a US film studio. The original studio of that name was founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks.
United Artists
What was not a genre of Socialist Realism?
Detective films
WW2 effects on America
1. Became military and economic superpower creating permanent war economy2. Gave unprecedented power to military industrial comple
depth of field
The measuerments of the closest and farthest planes in front of the camera lens between which everything will be in sharp focus. A depth of field from five to sixteen feet, for example, would mean everything closer than five feet and farther than sixteen feet would be out of focus
mid 70's-late 70's film making
movie audience young educated, pornographic theaters on rise, no bankable female stars except stiesand, no female directors, macho era with male stars, filmmakers forced to cut scenes or edit language to earn a pg rating (production code kind of reasserted), Music licensing fees become common.
Blacklisting
A blacklist is a list or register of people who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, or mobility
What was not a major genre of French filmmaking in the 1920s?
horror films
Best Years of Our Lives
Director: William Wyler 1946Story: 3 WW2 vets return home to small-town America to discover that they and their families have been irreparably changedWhy it's important:1. Post war film widely celebrated in post war era.2. Casting of actual soldier, a non actor.3. Shows American values and society of the time.4. Classic Hollywood style film with several protagonists.
Mid 70's-Late 70's Historical
county as a whole absorbs counter culture, nixon resigns in 74', vietnam ends in 75', 77' oil embargo wait in line for gas, nuke power, 3 mile island incident 79', cocaine and marijuana, sexuality and promiscuity, feminism, disco on the coasts, Iran Hostage ushers in Reagan.
The Little 3 (definition)
 they owned few or no theaters to guarantee sales of their films
What was the first American feature-length animated film?
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
How did the star system first begin in American cinema?
Fans spontaneously demonstrated interest in their favorite film players and named them after the production company whose films they appeared in
How did politics influence Chinese filmmaking in the 1930s and 1940s?
two groups of filmmakers, one right wing and nationalist, the other left wing and sympathetic to communism, struggled to control Chinese filmmaking
What is not a typical characteristic of film style in the years leading up to the formation of the classical Hollywood style?
camera movements such as tracking or dolly shots
High School films of the era
Fast time at ridgemont high 82', back to the future 85', risky business 83', breakfast club 85',
What is most characteristic of the filmmaking of Edwin S. Porter?
the use of many shots to tell a fictional story
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