Final Exam Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Trimeter
three
barren
empty
Trochee (trochaic)
-U
monometer
One foot
epic
paradise lost
dictoin
word choice
connotation
perceived meaning
eudaemonia
perfect happiness
meter
arrangement of sylables
hyperbole
exaggeration for emphasis
dactyl
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
tercets
3 line stanza
heptastich
7 line stanza.
Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate sounds
Cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
dimeter
line with two feet
BLANK VERSE
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Narrative Poetry
tells a story
Paradox
apparent contradiction which proves, upon closer examination, to be true
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
synecdoche
a part represents the whole
lyric
songlike, regular rhyme, regular meter
figurative language
appeals to the imagination
penta
a greek word meaning 5
denotation
a direct or specific meaning
euphony
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
stanza
from Italian "stopping place" or "room": A grouping of lines in a poem, usually refers to a uniform number in each grouping. Related words are strophe and stave
Skeltonic verse
short lines, seven syllables containing 2 or 3 stresses, exploit a single rhyme
simile
a directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with "like," "as," or "than."
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
Reflective
looking back at something objectivly trying to understand or gain insight
Hexameter
a metric line with six feet
symbolism
revelation or suggestion of intangible conditions or truths by artistic invention
personification
giving a nonliving object living characteristics
Assonance
The repetition of similary vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poety or prose.
Lyric poem
expresses intense emotional response of speaker to some person, place, object, or idea
rhythm
repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
Ode
relatively long, serious, and usually meditative lyric poem that treats a noble and elevated subject in a dignified manner (elevates a subject)
consonance
the repition of similar consonant sounds
Irony
Implies a discrepancy. Comes in several forms
fresh imagery
opposite of a cliche-vivid description
antihero
a central character who lacks traditional heroic characteristics and accept their position as an outcast
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
sestet
6-line stanza (most commonly 2nd part in an Italian Sonnet)
Rhyme
the repetition of the accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important or importantly positioned words.
tercet
group of three lines rhyming together or connected by rhymer with the adjacent group or groups of three lines
in comparison this is the figurative term
vehicle
neoclassical
characteristic of a revival of an earlier classical style
Style
the mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author.
Speaker
Characters with their own points of view - their own attitudes, backgrounds, and ways of looking at reality. Their thoughts and feelings may be similar to the author or they may be utterly different.
metaphor
a comparison that makes one thing become something else
Protagonist
The main character of a literary work
ALITERATION
the repeating of consonants at the beginning of words.
terza rima
three line stanza with interwoven rhyme scheme, iambic pentameter
In medias res
in the middle of things
Tone
How the speaker feels toward the subject.
universal imagery
archetypal concepts that are commonly known within a culture
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
open form
doesnt conform to its established patters
enjambment
the use of successive lines with no punctuation or pause between them
External Rhyme
Rhyme at the end of a phrase/line.
Motif
A recurring idea or structure in a work that helps to develop a major theme.
anthropomorphism
term used often to refer to assigning qualities to non-human or inanimate object.- Examples include animals,plants, gods and forces of nature such as winds, rain or the sun depicted as creatures with human motivations, and/or the abilities to reason and converse.
elegy
a poem written especially as a lament for a deceased person
Image
word or sequence of words that refers to any sensory experience.
Antithesis
A balancing or contrasting of one term against another.
iambic pentameter
a line of poetry having five iambs
concrete
poems are shaped to look like their subjects. Creates a picture
audience
a listener or group of listeners or readers altogether outside the poem
free verse
poems with irregular rhythms and line lengths
Extended metaphor
metaphor that continues past a phrase or sentence
Limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet.
white space
blank spaces between stanzas or lines of poetry
internal rhyme
the rhyming of words within the line
IDIOM
GROUP OF WORDS USED TOGETHER TO MEAN SOMETHING VERY DIFFERENT THAN THE WORDS MEAN APART
symbol
a person, place, thing or event used to represent something larger than itself
direct metaphor
the literal term and the figurative term are both named
Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet
divided into an octave (abbaabba) and a sestet (cdecde)
talcum
v to be dusted in powder or lightly covered with dust
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other than the poet
concrete poem
a poem shaped ot look like its subject
Rhyme Scheme
The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or a verse. ABCD
dactylic foot
consists of 3 syllables, the first of which is spoken louder than the others
ONOMATOPOEIA COMES FROM THE GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERALLY MEANS
THE MAKING OF WORDS
lyric poetry
poems express the feelings of a single speaker. Lyrics are the most common type of poem in modern literature
didactic poem
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson. The distinction between didactic poetry and non-didactic poetry is difficult to make and usually involves a subjective judgement of the author's purpose on the part of the critic or the reader. Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism is a good example of didactic poetry.
oxymoron
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in "cruel kindness" or "to make haste slowly."
end rhyme
words that rhyme at the end of a line
Poetic License
license used by a writer or artist to heighten the effect of their work
Main points of "Usage"
wordplay. How we are used by language and yet how we use language too. Crisis translated by language. Language is limited to a certain extent, but it matters bc it's all we have (politics, racial inheritance, strife, war). The desire to not merely wound, but do something more. Language can be destructive. Can we move beyond language?
Example of a symbol in a story we read
ie
black box
yellow bird
"Don't you fall now-/ For I'se still goin', honey./ I'se still climbin',/ And life for me ain't been no crystal stair."
"Mother to Son" - Langston Hughes
Martial
warlike
dactylic
/uu
diction
word choice
tetrameter
4 feet
Bishop
One Art
The Gift
Mary Oliver
abstract
general or conceptual
anapestic
2 unstressed, stressed
complaint
loss of love
conceit
the wind's singing
pentameter
five feet per line
adjure (v.)
to appeal to
octameter
verse of 8 meters
New Formalists
poets using rime
octave
eight line of poetry
Traditional verse
few off rhymes
chum
a friend or buddy
cinquain
a stanza with five lines
a hackneyed cliche
ein abgedroschenes Klischee
pun
a humorus play on words
anapest
unstressed, unstressed, stressed (to the hills)
octometer
eight feet (type of line)
exact rhyme
sound exactly the same
satire
use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule
Allegory
a sustained and circumscribed analogy between a subject and an image to which it is compared
apostrophe
addressing of someone or something, usually not present, as though present
run-on line
carrying a grammatical construction from one line to the next
allusion
a brief reference to a historical/literary figure, event, or object
verse
metrical language; the opposite of prose
foil
character who provides contrast to another character
Understatment
represents something as less important then it really is
jargon
terminology and vocabulary specific to a particular profession, sport, or hobby
Theme
The central idea of literary work
end-stopped
ending at the end of the line
romantic poets
1700's England; emphasis on feelings and nature; Lord Byron and Edgar Allen Poe; introspective (reflecting on yourself) sentimentality
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and have the same meter
COLOR WORDS
specific colors used for certain reasons
Foot
each unit of meter is a foot
Monosyllabic Foot
a foot consisting of one syllable
ballad
musical narrative poem that recites an exciting or dramatic episode
sybolism
the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character.
Triple Rhyme
Last three syllables rhyme with another word
rock
dependable, steady in the face of hardships (reliable)
trestles
structures in which a beam is supported by four diverging legs
refrain
a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanzaic form
mood
the feeling or emotion the writer creates in a literary work
sonnett
14 lines, grouped in 3 quatrains, followed by a detached rhyme
sonnet
a poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of
Dramatic
poetry in which one or more characters speak
poetic foot
unit of measurement with one stress and either one or two unstressed syllables
narrative
ex the death of the ball turret gunner; a story in prose or verse; an account of events involving characters and a sequence of events, told by a storyteller (narrator)
Structure
An arrangement of words and lines to produce a desired effect
sound
does it contribute to the meaning, to the overall sound scheme, or does it interupt or interfere?
...
She sells sea shells down by the sea shore'
How much wood could a wood chuck, chuck if a would chuck,could chuck wood?
English Sonnet
fourteen line poem; 3 quatrains and a couplet; ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
abecedary
a type of closed form poetry where all the letters of the alphabet are used in alphabetical order
verbal irony
when a speaker says one thing but means another
difference between metaphor and symbol
symbol is literal and figurative
metaphor is only figurative
Spenserian stanza
Eight lines of iambic pentameter and a ninth line of iambic hexameter, called an alexandrine, rhymed ABA BBC BCC.
Literary Allusion
A reference to a person, place, or thing from previous literature
Bio-Poem
a poem which tells about the author, a "biography" in poetic form
repetition
the use of a word or phrase more than once
figure of speech/figurative language
a word or phrase that describes somethng that is not literally true, but may be meeningful in a deepr sense; Metaphor, simile, personification are considered this word
"26 Ways of Looking at a Blackman"
Raymond Patterson, Haiku Sequence
fresh images
word pictures that help us to see the world in a new an unusual way
William Blake, The Lamb
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
rhyme pattern
a pattern in which the ending of the lines rhyme
an example of a rhyme pattern in a, b, a, b in which the first and third would rhyme and the second and fourth would rhyme. :D
John Milton, On His Blindness
When I consider how my light is spent,
Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
WHAT IS THE IDEA BEHIND A UNITY?
BASICALLY, THIS IS THE IDEA THAT A PLAY SHOULD EB LIMITED O A SPECIFIC TIME, PLACE AND STORY LINE.
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