Final Exam Vocabulary Words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Eisenhower
1953
thomas scott
NYA
National Youth Administration
adam smith
Scottish economist.
Provinces
Lands under Roman rule
Dumbbell tenement
Tenement building narrowed.
Harlem
Center of African- American creativity
populism
political philosophy that the government should be managed by the people who should promote their personal needs
BSCP
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
william bradford
U.S. biographer and novelist.
caste
a hierarchial ordering people into groups, fixed from birth, based on their inherited ritual status and determining whom they may marry and eat with.
35
average life expectance in Middle Ages
Taliban
Conservative Islamic group that took control of Afghanistan after the Soviet Union withdrew it's troops; driven from power by United States forces in December, 2001, because of its harboring of suspected terrorists
Panama Canal
human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama
Machine
device that controlled city politics and municipal government
Who succeeded Catherine the Great's throne?
.
made china a japanses protectorate
21 demands
HERMES
MESSENGER TO THE GODS; GOD OF TRADE
Chandra Gupta
the ruler of the Gupta Empire
Teapot Dome Scandal
unprecedented bribery scandal and investigation with President Warren G. Harding
nirvana
a state of perfect peace. ultimate goal in Buddhism
Migrant
one who moves around often for work.
monopolies
When a business buys out its competitors and their patents, making it able to charge what ever it wants for its products. Carnegie monopolized the steel industry and Rockefeller monopolized the oil industry.
Dissent
disagreement with or opposition to an opinion (pp. 76, 685)
Yippies
Nickname for members of the youth international party, an outlandish protest group which supported Nihilism, anarchy, and psychedelic drugs.
Cardinal Richelieu
a French clergyman, noble, and statesman.
Consecrated as a bishop in 1608, he later entered politics, becoming a Secretary of State in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Church and the state, becoming a cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Jules Cardinal Mazarin.
875-950
New invasion by Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars
Fredericksburg
Lee gets the \"high ground\" advantage on the Union Army. Union commander General A.E. Burnside
Capital:
the money and property needed to operate a business
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one country from becoming too strong and dominating the others
Sons/Daughters Of Liberty
Groups that formed to officially protest against British;Sons-Burned loyalist mansions, led boycotts, were responsible for the Boston Tea Party
Daughter-got to sew and make clothes for boycotts
house of burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
Louis IX
led 2 crusades against Muslims in North America; made efforts in judicial reform
Root of Prohibition
Social control; instead it created violence and was a major expansion of underground crimes
neolithic revolution
-nomad to farmer
-new tools for new way of life
-settled civilization
intelligenstsia
people who believed in an ideal, not tradition, as a way to manage the government/world
Massacre at Jamestown
1622. Openchancanough thought it was his last chance to save his people. Many people warned by chanco. 100's of innocent men, women, and children killed. Result was settlers seeking revenge. Before the ware, there were 6000 indians in area, afterwards, only 1000
Not an economic argument but a historical argument. Stated that history was driven by conflict but a not a conflict btw nations, ethic groups, races, religion but rather it was a conflict btw the bourgeoisie/production and land owners against the workers
Communist Manifesto
Wade-Davis Bill
1864. Congressional attempt to set up reconstruction policy b4 end of war. led by radical republican. Sponsored by senators Henry W. Davis and Benjamin F. Wade. Provisions: 1. appointment of military governors in secede states. 2. constitutional convention when majority of ppl (white) took oath of allegiance 3. congress must abolish slavery, reudicute secession, and keep confd, officials from voding or holding office 4. to vote citizents must swear they never helped the confederacy , pocket vetoed by lincoln - wanted more control and flexibility in determining policy.
Desert Land Act
 individuals could receive 640 acres in arid states for 1.25 per acres as long as they irrigated part of the land within 3 years.
peter pan
late 19th century, rise of liberalism, childhood became very special time of innocence and protection, peter pan embodies this. adults carried book as a relic of special time and its need for protection. records even say soldiers saved from bullets by carrying book in pocket, also began ferry laws and govt efforts toward progress
what mexican leader and general managed to lose both the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican War?
general Santa Anna
First punic war
roman victory, Roman's used the corvus- arm on ship
The Labor Movement
RR workers, miners and a few industrial workers had unions, growth of unions spurted by worker dissatisfaction during the war, 1866; National Labor Union was founded, many new trades unionized, most leaders were out of touch with what workers needed and wanted.
Ulysses S. Grant
1868; lacked political skill, but was a popular war hero
Eleanor Roosevelt
served as one of the first US delegates to the UN
Jihad
holy war under taken as a sacred duty by Muslims
Dred Scott
Sued for his freedom and his family's in 1846 at the Supreme Court
Great Purge
a campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during the 1930s, in which Joseph Stalin sought to eliminate all Communist Party members and other citizens who threatened his power
Battle of Plassey
East India Company becomes the French East India company, and becomes a ruler in India
What was the final battle of the Indian wars?
Wounded Knee
kellogg briand pact
a treaty renouncing war as an instrument of national policy and urging peaceful means for the settlement of international disputes, originally signed in 1928 by 15 nations, later joined by 49 others.
During the 1920's what did people fear the most when dealing with strikes, society, unions, or the govertment ?
Spread of communism?
Eugene V. Debs
led the Pullman strike and founded the American Railway Union
Mexican War
due to all the land that was obtained expecially California, it was split right donw the middle and also the Gold. Couldnt decide if it was going to be a Free state or not.
Define the Leiden Jar.
hung wire from ceiling with horizontal metal bar on it, on one end of jar wire leading to jar, amber moving sphere on other side
the last time robert e lee was able to get onto union soil was when?
gettysburg
Charles Martel, Grandfather of Charlemagne
This king defeated the Moors in Northern France in AD 732 and helped to establish the Holy Roman Empire
Opposition to Jay's Treaty and other Federalist acts led to
the rise of political parties
What is the equal protection clause?
every american is entitled to the equal protection of the law
What was Columbus searching for when he sailed from Spain?
a western route to the Indies
What happened during the Protestant revolt in early Maryland?
There was a "war" in Maryland between the Catholics and the Protestants, that ended with the Act of Toleration being repealed and Catholics lost their right to vote. (In MD)
what is the british view of the boston massacre
soldiers were defending themselves (j adams
What did the New Jersey Plan and the Virgina Plan have in common?
They both called for the three branches.
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