Terms  Definitions 

Charle's Law 
V/T

Boyles Law Equation 
P1V1=P2V2

torricelli 
who invented the barometer?

101.325 
1 ATM = ________ kPa

barometer 
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

n 
In Avogadro's Theory, V is proportional to...

KineticMolecular Theory 
central model that explains microscopic gas behavior at the level of individual particles

T 
In Charle's Law, V is proportional to....

Graham 
_____'s law is derived from the equation combining Boyle's, Charles's, GayLusaac's, and Avogadro's law.

ideal gas constant 
the proportionality constant that appears in the equation of state fo 1 mole of an ideal gas; R = (0.0821 L x atm)/(molxK)

Convert 300K into degrees celcius 
27 degrees celsius

24.8L/mol 
one mole of any gas at SATP occupies....

higher 
the warmer a gas, the ____ the pressure.

Real Gases 
not ideal, volume determined by their atoms size, attractive and repulsive forces among other molecules

atmospheric pressure 
results from the collisions of atoms and molecules in air with objects.

What number do you add to convert degrees celsius to kelvin? 
273!!

Boyles Law 
the volume occupied by a gas is inversely related to its pressure

crystalline solid 
a solid whose atoms , ion, or molecules are arranged in an orderly geometric, three dimensional sturcture

0 degrees Celsius and 1 ATM 
STP (Standard Temperature and Pressure) conditions are....

stay the same 
if volume increases and temp stays the same, the pressure will

vapor pressure 
the pressure exerted by a vapor over a liquid

What does the Charles law state? 
The volume (V) increases proportionally as the temperature (T) increases

normal boiling point 
point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kpa

What is the molar volume of a gas at SATP? 
24.8 L/Mol

universal gas constant 
R in the ideal gas law is known as the....

What is the formula for the combined gas law? 
p1v1 = p2v2 T1 T2

The Ideal Gas Law 
pV = nRT, where R is the universal gas constant
P₁V₁ = P₂V₂ 
GayLussac's Law 
P/T

Charles Law Equation 
V1/T1=V2/T2

pressure 
force per unit area

1 
101.325 kPa = _______ ATM

SATP 
25 degrees and 100 KPa

volume 
Coefficients in a balanced chemical equation involving diatomic gases do not indicate ____.

millimeters of mercury 
a unit of pressure

force per unit area 
Pressure is measured as....

diffusion 
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where they are more concentrated to an area where they are less concentrated

hydrogen bond 
attraction between hydrogen in one molecule to O, N, Cl, F in another molecule

French physicist Jacques Charles determined the relationship between the ______ and ______ of a gas 
temperature and volume

elastic collision 
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost; kinetic energy can be transferred between colliding particles but the total kinetic energy remains the same.

22.4L/mol 
one mole of any gas at STP occupies....

masses 
at same temp and pressure, balloons of equal volume will have equal ____.

Grahams Law of Effusion Equation 
Rate1/Rate2=square root of (M2/M1)

melting point 
the temperature at which a crystalline solid becomes a liquid

standard atmosphere 
is the pressure required to support 760 mm of mercury in a mercury barometer at 25 celsius

pascal 
the SI unit of pressure; one of these is equal to a force of one newton per square meter.

partial pressure 
the pressure of each gas in a mixture

gas pressure 
results from the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area of an object.

temperature and the pressure 
GayLusac's Law ONLY works if the ________________________ remain constant

Grahams Law of Effusion 
rate of effusion is inversely related to the square root of its molar mass

amorphous solid 
a solid in which the particles are not arranged in a regular, repeating pattern

what is the formula for molar volume? 
n= v  V

Graham's law of effusion 
states that the rate of effusion for a gas is inversly proportional to the square root of its molar mass.

increases, decreases, temperature, amount of gas 
Boyle's Law: as the pressure on a gas ________, the volume of the gas ________ proportionally, provided that the ________ and the _____________________ remain constant.

What formula do we use when we need to find the relationship of amount in moles, mass and molar mass? 
n= m  M

What is the formula used in the Charles Law? 
V1 = V2 T1 = T2

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