act vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
biography
elämäkerta
JEUX
sarc
flesh
promulgate
publish
bungling
unskilled
nym
name
Physic
natural
ratify
to approve
paternalism
fatherliness, solicitude
bereft
deprived (adj)
Interstice
intervening space
acceder
to access
dogged
-adjstubborn or determined
Fallacious
fales; wrong incorrect
hyperbolic
purposefully exaggerated language
para
beside or near
flojo, vago
lazy (2)
Placate
to soothe or pacify
matrix
a mode, pattern, model
gibber
to speak foolishly (v)
fortify
to strengthen, build up
gest
a deed or exploit.
Constitution
law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
agog(ue)
inducing the flow of, expelling
Alphaville
The weirdly dehumanized futuristic city of Jean-Luc Godard's 1965 film
altruistic
"charitable, unselfish concern for others' welfare"
alopecia
Baldness. Occurs when papilla die
relish
a pleasing or enjoyable quality.
Un-intelligible
not capable of being understood
Austere
Severe or stern in appearance; undecorated, "The lack of decoration makes Zen temples seeem austere to the untrained eye."
audacious
showing willingness to take bold risks
1. mean, unethical, or dishonorable; not noble in character2. not of the nobility; common
ignoble
benign
(adj) showing or expressive of kindness or gentleness (syn. harmless) (ant. malignant)
储蓄
chǔ xù /to deposit money/to save/savings/
acrimonious
caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature, speech, behavior, etc.:
purport
to present, esp. deliberately, the appearance of being; profess or claim, often falsely:
trepidation
tremulous fear, alarm, or agitation; perturbation.
foster
to promote the growth of; to encourage
wheedle
(v.) whee' dleto use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired endsynonyms: cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talkantonyms: coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm
the way one behaves or presents oneself; one's manner
demeanor
caprice
a tendency to suddenly change your mind without a clear motive
不乏
bù fá /there is no lack of/
egad
(used as an expletive or mild oath):
demotic
of or pertaining to the ordinary, everyday, current form of a language; vernacular:
internecine
of or pertaining to conflict or struggle within a group:
Classical
The art and culture of ancient Greece between 480 and 323 BCE. Lowercase classical refers more generally to Greco-Roman art and culture.
fumigated
to expose to smoke or fumes, usually to exterminate pests
syncopated
beat where stress is shifted to an irregular beat (out of sync)
This kind of ovarian tumor is frequently bilateral and the malignant form has a papillary structure
serous cystadenoma/cystadenocarcinoma
rapacious
given to seizing for plunder or the satisfaction of greed.
knowingly
to perceive or understand as fact or truth; to apprehend clearly and with certainty:
saccharine -
of, relating to, or resembling that of sugar
the deep dorsal limit of the breast
anterior pectoral fascia
chasm
a yawning fissure or deep cleft in the earth's surface; gorge.
Muddle
to make a mess of, to get by; a hopless mess
 
SYNONYMS: (v.) jumble, mess up; (n.) confusion, disorder
ANTONYMS: (n.) orderliness, tidiness, neatness
(V.), (N.)
The body maintains homeostasis through homeostatic mechanisms (self-regulating control systems)
1) Receptors - provide information about specific conditions (stimuli) in the internal environment - molecule or cell.
2)  Control Center - Includes a set point - tells what a particular value should be (Body Temp. 98.6)
3)  Effectors - Such as muscles or glands, which elicit responses that alter conditions in the internal environment
4)  Response
 
Stimulus (room temp. decreases) - Receptors (thermostat detects change) - Control Center (thermostat detects deviation from set point and signals effectors) - Effectors (heater turns on and air off) - Response (room temp. returns to set point)
 
Stimulus (Body temp. drops below normal) - Receptors (Thermoreceptors send signals to control center) - Control Center (The hypothalamus detects the deviation from the set point and signals effector organs) (If body temp. continues to drop, control center signals muscles to contract voluntarily) - Effectors (skin blood vessels constrict and sweat glands remain active - muscle activity generates body heat) - Response (body heat is conserved - temp. rises toward normal)
By what mechanism does the 1320nm ablate veins and what is its target?
Cooltouch targets water heating vein wall without perforations
What is the Wyden bill of 1992 for?
TO make fert clinic success rates known to public (CDC and SART publish auditable info)
Spring Equinox
March 21-22
transform plate boundary
shear stresses
mantle
layer of hot rock-solid,liquid
2900Km 870 degrees celcius
who wrote continental drift?
Alfred Wegner
Degree tilt of Earth
23 1/2
Regolith
Partially weathered rock overlying bedrock, whether residual or transported.
2 parts of pangea
lowrasia and gondwana
Kilimanjaro, Mayon, St. Helens, Ranier, ect are examples of a
composite volcano
divergent boundary
boundary where plates move apart
Air Masses
Continental Polar (cP), Continental Tropical (cT), Maritime Polar (mP), Maritime Tropical (mT)
Ecosystem
A self regulating association of living plants, animals, and their nonliving physical and chemical environments.
Coral
A simple, cylindrical marine animal with a saclike body that secretes calcium carbonate to form a hard external skeleton and, cumulatively, landforms called reefs; lives sybiotically with nutrient-producing algae; presently in a worldwide state of decline due to bleaching.
Kame
A depositional feature of glaciation; a small hill of poorly sorted sand and gravel that accumulates in crevasses or in ice-caused indentations in the surface.
Fault
A break or crack in the lithosphere
elastic limit
point above which brittle failure occurs
which one of the following intrusive structures is tabular and concordant?
sill
dome
mountain that forms when magma pushes against the crust above it
plates
broken sections of the Earth's crust and upper mantle
Experiences fault creep along San Andreas Fault
Hollister, CA
Stratigraphy
A science that analyzes the sequence, spacing, geophysical and geochemical properties, and spatial distribution of rock strata.
Paleoclimatology
The science that studies the climates, and the causes of variations in climate, of past ages, throughout historic and geological time.
Alluvial Fan
Fan-shaped fluvial landform at the month of a canyon; generally occurs in arid landscapes where streams are intermittent.
Caldera
An interior sunken portion of a composite volcano's crater; usually steep sided and circular, sometimes containing a lake; also can be found in conjunction with shield volcanoes.
asthenoshpere
the soft layer of the mantle, just beneath the lithosphere; caused by increased heat and pressure-liquid
elastic strain
object returns to its original shape once stress is removed
-store elastic potential energy
Crater Lake occupies a caldera T or F
True
Sedimentary rocks are
generally more porous than igneous rocks.
weathering
gradual break down of rocks in the Earth's crust
Charleston, SC
1886 Earthquake, m7.3, not on plate boundary
Wind
Air that moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure
Crevasse
A vertical crack that develops in a glacier as a result of friction between valley walls, or tension forces of extension on convex slopes, or compression forces on concave slopes.
Mollisols
A soil order in the Soil Taxonomy. These have a mollic epipedon and a humus-rich organic content high in alkalinity. Some of the world's most significant agricultural soils.
Drainage Density
A measure of the overall operational efficiency of a drainage basin, determined by the ratio of combined channel lengths to the unit area.
Nickpoint (knickpoint)
The point at which the longitudinal profile of a stream is abruptly broken by a change in gradient; for example, a waterfall, rapids or cascade.
Sheet Flow
Surface water that moves downslope in a thin film as overland flow, not concentrated in channels larger than rills.
Arete
A sharp ridge that divides two cirque basins. Derived from 'knife edge' in French, these form sawtooth and serrated ridges in glaciated mountains.
Endogenic System
The system internal to Earth, driven by radioactive heat derived from sources within the planet. In response, the surface features, mountain building occurs, and earth quakes and volcanoes are activated.
pyroclastic flow
one of the two most lethal hazards near a volcano; fast moving, incinerating plume of ash and gases racing downhill
Seawater heated near _______ and _______ can dissolve metals from oceanic crust, and deposit them as ore.
Mid-oceanic ridge, submarine volcanoes
eclipse
when Sun or Moon appear to vanish from the sky in whole or in part
New Madrid, MO
Not a plate boundary-failed rift, Not a lot of strong earthquakes
What causes Seismicity
Slip on existing faults, Formation of new faults, Shifting magma in a magma chamber, Volcanic eruptions, large landslides, meteorite impacts, underground nuclear bomb tests
Geothermal Energy
The energy in steam and hot water heated by subsurface magma near groundwater. Geothermal energy literally refers to heat from Earth's interior, whereas geothermal power relates to specific applied strategies of geothermal electric or geothermal direct applications. This energy is used in Iceland, New Zealand, Italy and northern California, among other locations.
Continental Drift
A proposal by Alfred Wegener in 1912 stating that Earth's landmasses have migrated over the past 225 million years from a super continent he called Pangaea to the present configuration.
Trace fossil
A fossil caused by an organism but not containing an organism, such as a footprint or feces
the San Andreas fault is an example of a
strike-slip fault
Cause of Seasons on Earth
Earth's changing orientation to the sun.
Point Bar
In a stream the inner portion of a meander, where sediment fill is redeposited.
Forces that moves continents according to Wegner (2)
1. Gravitational attraction of moon and sun
2. Centrifugal force of earth's rotation
Do we have a Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific Ocean
Yes, Installed 1960's
West Antarctic Ice Sheet
A vast grounded ice mass held back by the Ross, Ronne, and Filcher ice shelves in Antarctica, drained by several active ice streams, such as the active Pine Island Glacier.
what evidences do we have of earth's insides?
refractions of energy off of different densities
DEPRIVATION
LOSS
Hemoglobin
purple
ascondere
to hide
faciunt
they do
assay
an attempt
HS-
negatively charged nucleophile
Schism
Division of Islam
Dihydrotestosterone
a. masculinizes the brain
b. develops male external genitals
c. develops male internal organs (i.e. vas deferens)
d. withers female internal organs (i.e. uterus)
e. Changes gonads to testis
B
magnitude
greater on East Coast
Look at figure 12-9
k
A que hora?
At what time?
patella
kneecap. small triangular sesmoid bone. develops in the tendons of the quadriceps femoris.
Hypersensitivity
An uncontrolled, excessive, and inappropriate immune reponse that cause tissue damage and diseases is called?
modicum
a moderate or small amount:
Beats
Specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as Congress or the White House
fickle
not constant or loyal in affections
stubbornly self willed; done on purpose, deliberate
willful
Intracellular digestion-
hydrolysis of food inside vacuoles.
Source of androgens in females
a. corpus luteum
b. prolactin
c. adrenal
d. oxytocin
e. ACTH
C
intricate
having many interrelated parts or facets; entangled or involved:
Modern
literally "in present mode" The period of music and art history from 1900 to present
Legitimacy
The belief that that the "rightful" rulers of Europe should return to their thrones and supported the restoration of monarchies.
What is a waxy steroid metabolite found in the cell membranes and transported in the blood plasma of all animals?
Cholesterol
alloy
2 or more elements combined by metallic bonds
The ability that most often distinguishes chidren who are accepted from children who are rejected is their
social cognition
Appendix-
small finger like extension of the vertebrate cecum contains mass of white blood cells that contribute to immunity.
alienate
to transfer or convey, as title, property, or other right, to another:
neuralgia
sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a nerve.
boreen
a narrow, frequently unpaved, road in rural Ireland.
Henry VIII
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, resulting in England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
Bereave (verb)
To deprive of something or someone valued, especially through death
Synonym: deprive Antonym: bestow
-Illness bereaved them of their mothers
Liver characteristics
- lesser omentum anchors liver to stomach4 lobes of liver1. right2. left3. caudate - from inferior aspect4. quadrate
to assign or distribute in shares or portions
allot
The function of C2b in circulation is anaphlatoxin. T/F?
Mg+2
Gallbladder-
organ that stores bile and releases it as need into the small intestine
gnp
the total monetary value of all final goods and services produced in a country during one year.
Right to left across a row of the period table nucleophilicity - as basicity increases
increases
Glorious Revolution
English overthrow of James II in 1688; resulted in affirmation of parliament as having basic sovereignty over the king.
Femoral nerve (L2-L4)
innervates- skin of ant. and medial thigh, leg, and foot. - hip and knee joints via saphenous branch- motor to anterior muscles (quads)
C5bC6 is hydrophillic

C5bC6C7 is hydrophobic
Which of these complexes is hydrophilic and which is hydrophobic? C5bC6 and C5bC6C7.
thresh
to separate the grain or seeds from (a cereal plant or the like) by some mechanical means, as by beating with a flail or by the action of a threshing machine.
Francisco de Goya
One of the Spanish painters during the Enlightenment. He was a court painter for the Spanish Crown.
Adrenal Medulla (short term stress response)
- chromaffin cells secretes epinephrine and norepinephrineA) Epinephrine inc. metabolic rate, bronchial dilation, blood flow to skeletal muscles & heartB) NE influences peripheral vasoconstriction, inc. BP
Describe the zona pellucida.
3 glycoprotein (ZP1, 2, and 3) containing wall around the oocyte. 3 binds to porteins on sperm surface. Sperm can do this to anywhere between 10-50000 molecules.
Why does Juliet go to Friar Lawrence's cell at the end of Act III?
To seek his advice.
What is the final step in activation of CTL-P?
Conjugate formation (CTL-target cells)

membrane attack

CTL dissociation, and

lysis
As Juliet encounters more conflicts and problems, her character changes, and she...
pushes away her elders and threatens suicide.
What happens during the maturation/wound re-modeling phase with the scar?
The scar shrinks and thins. It becomes less red because the capillaries regress.
Inlet of pelvis and Outlet of pelvis
inlet = superior aspect at ASISoutlet = childbirth, inferior aspect
What if a Pt asks questions about showering after staples have been removed, what is the correct Pt teaching a nurse can provide?
Encourage daily use of showering; water may run over wound. Instruct Pt not to use soap, lotions, or vitamin creams on incision.
Because epinephrine have a receptor on a mast cell.
Why is epinephrine used as a therapy for treating Type hypersensitivity?
Des-Arg C3a ( Des-Arg C5a for C5a protein)
C3a is called what after its terminal Arg have been cleaved off?
indolent
lazy
melancholy
sadness
Pallid
Pale.
henpeck
nag
Prosaic
ordinary
rife
abundant
plethora
excess
anomaly
irregular
assiduous
determined, diligent
PERMEATE
to penetrate
ameliorate
make better
covert
secret, concealed
muffle
silence, soften
Obtuse
mentally dull
effrontery
unblushing impudence
waspish
ill-tempered; unfriendly
insolent
arrogant; insulting
onerous
burdensome; distressing
infirmity
weakness or frailness
refute
to prove wrong
gapes
to desire eagerly
candor
truthfulness, frankness, openness
learn
to acquire information
corpulence
obesity; excessively fat
sage
a wise person
castigate
to scold, rebuke
concurrent
at the same time
PERSPICACIOUS
shrewd, astute, or keen-witted
Despotic
exercising absolute power; tyrannical
eccentric
unconventional, a little kooky
Glacial
hostile; unfriendly; cold; icy
beatify
to make supremely happy
Lucid
clear; easy to understand
abstemious
frugal; moderate; consuming sparingly
bestial
like a beast or animal
Apprehend
halt, arrest for a crime
ponderous
very heavy, unwieldy from weight
onset
beginning, start, first stage of
polemic
involving a dispute, very argumentative
lamotrigine indications?
Mood stabilizer in treatment-refractory patients
corroborate
to make more certain; confirm:
midsummer
n. The middle of the summer.
Calvin
Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)
plague
cause continual trouble or distress; curse
Languish
to become weak from overwhelming grief
wean
To transfer (the young) from dependence on mother's milk
Disparage
usually in a somewhat indirect way
long-term side effect of Li therapy
hypothyroidism
Does insulin inhibit glucagon release by alpha cells of pancreas?
yes
Arcane
adj. known only by a few; obscure
aldermanship n.
The dignity, condition, office, or term of office of an alderman.
aberrant
abnormal; straying from the normal or usual path
vanquish
come out better in a competition, race, or conflict
atrophy
to waste away from lack of use
Mordant
Biting and caustic in manner and style
Fodder
food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose
Chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
alliance n.
Any combination or union for some common purpose.
cultural landscape
fashioning of natural landscape by a cultural group
arable
adj. fit for growing crops. The first settlers wrote home glowing reports of the New World, praising its vast acres of arable land ready for the plow.
phenelzine side effects?
HTN crises with tyramine containing foods (cheese, red wine)
Absolute location
Position of an object on the global grid; latitude and longitude.
luminary
n. One of the heavenly bodies as a source of light.
Nostalgia
a longing to go back to one's home, home town, or homeland; homesickness
eulogize
v. to praise, as in a eulogy; to say good things about
caterwaul
. to utter long wailing cries; 2) to quarrel like cats; 3) noun. the cry of a cat
Describe the pathogenesis and features of chancroid.
painful ulcer w/ ragged border caused by gram (-) rod H. ducreyi; "school of fish" appearance on gram stain
What does the statement, 'the genetic code is degenerate' mean?
More than one codon may code for the same amino acid
clemency
leniency
Chide
scold
furtive
stealthy
demise
death
Enigma
puzzle:mystery
de-
down
surcease
cessation
deft
skillful
vice
moral corruption
NUMISMATICS
coin collecting
lament(ings)
express sorrow(noun)
fervent
eager, earnest
blandish
flatter, grovel
penury
extreme poverty
valor
bravery; courage
constitute
make up
servile
overly submissive
Haven
a safe place
vagabond
n. A wanderer.
augment
enlarge in size
resolute
determined to succeed
well-bred
Of good ancestry
adulterate
to make impure
Impecunious-
Adjective- Without money
apex
the highest point
profuse
extravagantly abundant, flowing freely
ignominious
adj. disgraceful and dishonorable
quince
hard yellowish acidic fruit
egregious
conspicuously bad or offensive
usurp
to seize power illegalyy
August
impressive, awe, inspiring, dignified
thwart/ stymie
to stop, frustrate
Scrupulous
always doing what is right
subjugate
to bring under complete control
irreversible
not able to be changed
infrequent
rare, seldom, odd, unusual, irregular
copious
plentiful; having a large quantity
ary
indicating location, repository (as dictionary)
Substantiated
supported with proof or evidence; verified
derivate
something that comes form another source
Triangular Trade
The transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
luxuriant
adj. Abundant or superabundant in growth.
recondite
dealing with a difficult subject, mysterious, obscure, profound
tenuous
having little substance or strength; shakey; flimsy
vacillate
to waver; to sway indecisively; fluctuate
desiccate
to dry out; to remove moisture
Meningitis
1-23 months
Vancomycin + 3rd generation caphalosporin
moccasin
n. A foot-covering made of soft leather or buckskin.
Vesalius
a Flemish surgeon who is considered the father of modern anatomy (1514-1564)
misanthrope
a person who hates or despises people
Servants
People employed to cook, clean, etc. (domestic services)
maverick
one who is independent and resists adherance to a group
BELITTLE
To hurt someone’s feelings or to make something seem less
disdainful
full of bitter scorn and pride; aloof
Dilettante
An amateur, usually in a field of art.
plea bargain
Agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant that the defendant will plead guilty to a lesser offense to avoid having to stand trial for a more serious offense.
fauna
The animals of a given region or period considered as a whole
impromptu
not planned in advance; spur of the moment
suborn
to induce to do an unlawful thing (Cassius to Brutus)
Culture complex
a related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils
REM Rebound
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivations (created by repeated awakening during REM sleep)
alpha chains: --/+-
HbH. alpha thalassemia in Adults, see excess β globin chains --> β4 tetramers
exploit
a brave deed or action, to make use of (sometimes unjustly)
What are the functions of IL-15
IL-2 like growth, differentiation of NK T cells and gamma-delta T cells
What are the effector hormones of glyc and pyr ox?
decreased glucagon and increased insulin
Most kidney stones are made of Ca, but most gall stones are made of cholesterol...low amounts of what chol product can cause high cholesterol and lead to gallstones
bile salts, if you dec bile salts, you wont be using up any cholesterol or excreting them as bile salts
oust
remove
stout
valiant
Perilous
Dangerous
Sallow
yellowish
condolence
pity
bravado
bravery
insouciance
lightheartedness
temperate
(+)moderate
compassion
sympathy, mercy
gall
bitterness; nerve
proscribe
command against
Unequivocal
absolute, certain
Emancipate
set free
cataract
a waterfall
talisman
a charm
prognosticate
to predict
Obscure
Unknown, lowly, unclear
analogy
n. similarity; parallelism
bemused
lost, perplexed, confused
quasi-
resembling; seeming; half
indefatigable
tireless, energetic, inexhaustible
Sporadic
not continuous; intermittent
scoff
to sneer at
Gauche
Lacking social refinement
Absolute
Adj. Total; unlimited
meager
lacking fullness/ richness, thin
mollify
to calm or soothe
caricature
exaggerated representation (political cartoons)
Adverse
In an opposing direction.
concession
yielding, granting, conceding, acknowledgement
opening in the skin
Pore
Penurious
Extremely stingy; parsimonious; miserly
lithium what class?
mood stabilizer
unsavory
unpleasant in taste or smell
LASSITUDE
a state of diminished energy
calumny
a misrepresentation intended to blacken another's reputation
Circumspect
Cautious; aware of potential consequences
Esoteric
obscure and difficult to understand
aristocratic
(adj) of noble birth; snobbish
debauchery
(n) wild living; excessive intemperance
paradox (n.)
a truth that seems self-contradictory
precocius
displaying maturity at an anusually early age
taciturn
adj, silent; sparing of words; close-mouthed
Accolade
an award or honor; high praise
shun
to avoid; to refuse to recognize
incantation
a chant; a recited magical spell
treachery
violation of faith; betrayal of trust; treason
venereal
adj. Pertaining to or proceeding from sexual intercourse.
appertain
(=pertain) to apply or pertain to (v.)
allay
to calm violence or reduce intensity of a situation
embezzlement
(n.) the act of illegally taking another's property, esp. money
ance, ancy
action or state (as in brilliance)
ablution
a cleansing with water or other liquid, esp. as a religious ritual.
fusillade
n. a rapid outburst, a spray of gunfire
bogs
an area of waterlogged soil that tends to be peaty; fed mainly by precipitation; low productivity; some bogs are acidic
anachronism
something that is not happening in its proper time
Aberration
a deviation from the right path or usual course
Inhibitors (Inhibit yourself from drinking beer from a KEG becuase it makes you SICK)
Sulfonamides, Isoniazid, Cimetidine, Ketoconazole, Erythromycin, grapefruit juice
sublimated
to divert the energy of (a sexual or other biological impulse) from its immediate goal to one of a more acceptable social, moral, or aesthetic nature or use. (Leonardo da Vinci)
absolution
The act of absolving or the state of being absolved
Break of Bulk Point
A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another. i.e. a steel mill near the port of Baltimore receives iron ore by ship from South AMerica and coal by train from Appalachia.
What are some genetic diseases detectable by PCR? (11)
SCID, Lesh-Nyhan, CF, familial hypercholesterolemia retinoblastoma, sickle cell, Bthalassemia, hemophilia A and B, von Willebrand's dz, lysosomal dz, and glycogen stroage dz
To pour oil on trubled waters
To make peace, to calm someone down
What 11 things need to be listed on the title block?
Drawing number, Company name address and phone number, Drawing name, Scale, Drawing identification, Date, Drawn by, Checked by, Architect, Revisions.
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Term:
Definition:
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