Foundations of American Government Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
 
PROLETARIAT
Proletariat 
workers who produce the goods
 
SOVEREIGNITY
Sovereignity
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
 
DEMOCRACY 
Democracy
government in which the people rule
 
CONFEDERACY
Confederacy
a loose union of independent states
constitutional law
Involves the interpretation and application of the constitution.
interdependence
The interaction and dependence of nations with one another, especially economically and politically.
 
BOURGEOISIE
Bourgeoisie
capitalists who own the means of production
 
COMMUNISM
Communism
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
consensus
States where the population shares a general political and social ____________, or agreement about basic beliefs, have the most stable governments.
nation
Often used to describe an independent state or country; however, it is a sizeable group of people who are united by common bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes, religion.
force theory
The belief that government emerged when all the people of an area were brought under the authority of one person or group.
civil society
A complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of grops that exist independently of government.
 
SOCIAL CONTRACT
Social Contract
theory that by contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens
 
CONSTITUTION
Constitution
a plan that provides the rules for government
 
NATION-STATE
Nation-State
a country in which the territory of both the nation and the state coincide
politics
The effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government.
multinational corporations
Huge companies with factories in many countries. They carry out their activities on a global scale, thus influencing international politics and the internal decisions of their host countries.
consititutional government
A limited government in which a constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on the powers of those who govern.
constitution
A plan that provides the rules for government. It serves several major purposes including setting the ideals that people share, establishing the basic structure of power, and providing the supreme law for the country.
developing nations
Nations that are only beginning to develop industrially. Their incomes are a fraction of those of industrialized nations.
direct democracy
The people govern themselves by voting on issues individually as citizens. Exists only in very small societies where citizens can actually meet regularly to discuss and decide key issues and problems.
 
COMMAND ECONOMY
Command Economy
an economic system in which the government controls the factors of production
 
FREE MARKET
Free Market
economic system in which buyers and sellers make free choices in the marketplace
 
FREE ENTERPRISE
Free Enterprise
the opportunity to control one's own economic decisions
unitary system
A government that gives all key powers to the national or central government. This central government has the power to create state, provincial, or other local governments and may give them limited sovereignty.
 
DEVELOPING NATIONS
Developing Nations
a nation that is only beginning to develop industrially
totalitarian dictatorship
A form of autocracy in which the ideas of a single leader or group of leaders are glorified.
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