French 324 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Blois
chateau
Secretaire
desk
Haricot
bean
FR Cupboard
Country french
provencial
Malmaison
Josephine's chateau
Gilles Breton
Chateau Fountianebleu
Chandelier
hanging lighting fixture
Bergere
closed arm chair
galerie
French covered porch
Francois Mansart
Chatteau de maisons
Lit en bateau
sleigh bed
Maquette
miniature or model room
Marie Antoinette
married Louis XVI
Le Canada
La Nouvelle France
French Reniassance. Chateau de chanonceaux.
Bombe
swerving curve (usu for chest)
Tambour
drum shaped (door for desk)
King's blue
color of Sevre porcelain
Salamander motif
Francis I motif; Renaissance
Pompadour rose
color of Sevre porcelain
Marquetry
colored woods, tortoiseshell, metal, on furniture - floral pattern
Encoignure
corner cupboard; made to fit
Pericer & Fontaine
established Empire style
domino
Early term for wall paper
French Renaissance. Chateau de blois. Catherine Medici's Bedroom. Heavy painted beam ceiling, Draped four corner bed. elaborate pattern on floor and walls.
Escabelle
stool or chair supported on trestles
Gobelins
French decorative factory known for tapestry and powerful influence on style
Versailles
Louis XIV palace; formerly hunting lodge; painter Le Brun; architect Le Vau
Trumeau
decorative treatment over mantel, or, window; usu mirror or painting
Oberkampf
textile designer; created Toile de Jouy
Boulle work
marquetry, metal cut in ebony
porte cochere
Covered passageway, usually attached to a structure.
French Reniassance, Chateau d' Ancy le france Chamber des arts. Diamond on wood panel walls
Voyeuse
chair with padded back rail; sat facing back
Vernis Martin
Chinese-type laqueur work done by cabinetmaker Martin
Sevres
porcelain from Sevres; can be applied to furniture form as well
Bureau plat
flat writing table, often leather topped
Cabochon
gemstone that has been shaped and polished
Commode
low chest of drawers; wider than chiffoniere
Guttenberg
Gutenberg un allemand etabli en France a Strasbourg, a invente un systeme d'imprimerie a caracteres mobiles
Art guilds
strict division of labor in Rococo; abolished under Directoire period; less consistent craftsmanship after
Quoin
prominent brick or stone at corner of a building
long gallery
A room in Renaissance homes located above the entrance that often spanned the entire width of the structure. Used for entertaining
Henri IV
en devenant roi en 1589 Henri protestant s'est converti au catholicism pour mettre fin aux guerres de religion
French Renaissance.Chateau de chambord. Domienico de Cotona. Frecn were not as concerned with symmetry as the Italians.
Style, Name, Architect & key components
Console table
wall table to support a pier or cornice; sometimes 2 legs; against wall
armoire a deux corps
A French two-piece cupboard enclosed with doors; it is architectural in nature and often has a pediment at the top and a frieze between the two sections featuring drawers.
lit de repos
French Renaissance daybed with a head and footboard of the same heights. Eighteenth-century examples also had a back.
La boussole
La boussole est un aiguille qui pointe toujours vers le nord et qui permet donc aux navigateurs de determiner la longitude
La reforme
c'etait une periode de questions et de transformation.
French Renaissance.Chateau de chambord plan. Domienico de Cotona.
Style, Name, Architect & key components
wainscot chair
A type of chair with a solid paneled back and a hinged seat that covered a storage box.
Les livres
ils n'etant plus ecrits a la main, se multipliaient
Relief (high and bas)
designed raised from the surface bas = low
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