French Revolution Napoleon 6 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Maximilien Robespierre
moderate government structure
Marie Antoinette
Madam Deficit
Stage 2
moderate revolutionary stage
radical political organization behind 1792 gov't changes
another word for social class
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
• Trafalgar
Franco,Spanish fleet was destroyed; Horatio Nelson was killed.
conservatives; limited monarchy & few gov't changes; fled France
This describes the most radical members of the Legislative Assembly.
scorched-earth policy
practiced by the Russians during Napoleon's invasion; involved burning grain fields and slaughtering livestock so as to leave nothing for the enemy to eat
the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the French Revolution or Napoleon were restored [pg. 493]
July 1790
Civil Constitution of the Clergy establishes a national church. Louis XVI reluctantly agrees to a constitutional monarchy.
At the battle of Waterloo, Napoleon and his troops held the British until the Prussian army came, and they sent the French troops running. That ended his 100 days of rule.
National Convention
the Legislative Assembly called this; Its first act was the formal abolition of the monarchy, forming french republic
The famous prison whose storming is often marked as the beginning of the French Revolution
continental system
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
This was invented to further humane goals, though often used in contradiction to such goals.
By John Michael: Where was Napoleon really from?
Louis XVI
king of France before the Revolution; inherited debt from previous kings but spent extravagently, paid little attention to governing, eventually executed
Legislative Assembly
Who made the laws under the Constitution of 1791?
what group promoted Napoleon
the comittee of public safety
• Paris Commune
The radical city government that seized control of Paris by cutting off the head of the mayor; holds the revolution hostage and uses the guillotines to force the government to make radical decisions.
Napoleonic Code
a uniform set of laws, eliminated injustices, limited liberty, and promoted order and authority over individual rights.
Great Fear
Followed the storming of the Bastille, people were scared and decided that they had to attack
Germany, Italy part of France
Confederation of the Rhine
ancien regime
old order that divided everyone in France into one of three social classes
an individual qualified to vote in an election
By Adam: What was Robespierre's fate?
He was guillotined
Tennis Court Oath
pledge made by Third Estate delegates, after the creation of the National Assembly, to create a new constitution; in response to these events Louis stationed a swiss mercenary army outside of Versailles
Napoleon Bonaparte
Consul and later emperor of France who established some of the reforms of the French Revolution under his dictatorial rule
• Cult of Personality
Robespierre developed a group of followers and became the revolution and therefore and idol.
peninsular war
a conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish Rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
Third Estate
97% of people belonged to this. 3 groups made up this: the first group- the middle class( lacked privliges and paid high taxes), the workers (poorest, paid low wages and starves), and peasants.
Prince Klemens von Metternich
Austrian statesman and diplomat; he was the Austrian representative at the Congress of Vienna
Who ceased political power from the legislative assembly?
Paris Commune or sans-culottes
Phase One of the French Revolution: Key People/Groups
Estates-General, National Assembly, Louis XVI
Estates General
A meeting to solve $ problems, but did not go well because they couldn't decide how to vote
Reign of Terror
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed
Czar Alexander I
Czar of Russia from 1801 to 1825; after the defeat of Napoleon's army in 1812, he became one of the most powerful leaders in Europe, supporting the suppression of all revolutionary movements in Russia and Europe
crush them, guillotine
What was Robespierre try to do to all people who were against the revolution?
• Instability of the Directory
There were five dictators which meant that the government couldn't make decisions.
A uniform set of laws, a stabilization of the economy, and an equal-opportunity public education system
What did Napoleon accomplish?
Alexander I's scorched earch policy
burned all the crops and villages so that Napoleon could not live off the land
By Jack: After Waterloo the British sent Napoleon to an island called _______ ______________ which is south of _____.
Saint Helena / Africa
To establish security and stability for the nations of Europe
What was the main goald of the participants in the Congress of Vienna?
Napoleon gave up his plans of invading Britain
What was one important consequence of the Battle of Trafalgar?
Declaration of the Rights Man and of the Citizen
a document that laid out the basic principles of the French Revolution (liberty, equality and fraternity), inspired by English Bill of Rights and Declaration of Independence and Enlightenment philosophers, stated that all men are born equal and remain equal before the law
/ 49

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online