Chinese Art Terms Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Hooked-Cloud Ornament
Hongshan Culture
4th millennium BCE
Hardstone
Jianping
1.24 Head
Hongshan Culture
4th millennium BCE
Clay
Liaoning
Squared tube
Liangzhu Culture
3rd Millennium BCE
Hardstone
Wujin
2-28-Standing Figure
Late Shang Period
1200-1050 BCE
Bronze
Sichuan
5-1 Sakyamuni Buddha
Northern Qi 550-77 CE
Polychrome Limestone
Longching Si site, Shandong
2.14-Cooking Vessel
Shang 1600-1400 BCE
Henan
5-11 Colossal Buddha
Norther Wei 460-480
Sandstone
Shanxi
Axe blade with handle fittings
Liangzhu Culture
3rd millennium BCE
Hardstone
Yuhang
5-14 Songyue Temple Pagoda
Northern Wei 520-24
Denfeng
5-9 Maitreya Buddha
Northern Liang 420-40 CE
Clay on Wooden armature
Gansu
2.2-Hu gui grain
Late Western Zhou
857-842
Fufeng
Bone Method
handwriting and personality linked
1.23 Vessel with modeled ithyphallic design
Yangshao Culture
3rd millenium BCE
Earthenware
Ledu
4.1-Disk, Bi
Former Han, 2nd century BCE
Nephrite
Hebei
4-23 Burial Suit
Former Han 113 BCE
Jade plaques with gold threads
Hebei
Chines Jade
valuable; equated with human virtues
Chinese Art
Stone Age art-simple pottery, sculptures; each dynasty influence art
Division & Planning
arrangements correspond to composition, space and depth
Embroidery
sichuan= decorated pillow cases, satin and colored silk, clothes
4-22 Portrait of tomb lord
Han 176 CE
Wall painting
Hebei
Interior View of Cave 285
Western Wei 538-39
Gansu
3.22 Flat hu vessel Eastern Zhou 5th-4th century BCE Bronze with silver inlay
Chinese Calligraphy
4 treasures-ink, brush, paper, ink stone; materials-paper=elm bark, brush=glass, ivory; ink-black soot
Chinese Ceramics
bricks, tiles, kilns; Terra Cotta army; porcelain-combine clay material, pottery stone, feldspar, quartz
Quinbai
clear blue white pottery stone. for tea cups, jars, dishes
cun fa
texture strokes, part of calligraphic brushstrokes, part of the monumental landscape painting style
Dunhuang
described as "hell on earth", hundreds of caves, houses the Western Paradise of Amitabha Buddha (Pureland)
Jian
Black, iron-rich clay used for tea cups and bowls
Ge
rice-yellow glaze used for the very rich and brush washers (artists)
Calligraphy
art form rather than writing, 4 treasures of study
Spirit Resonance
nervous energy of Artist into painting
Suitability to Type
Application of color; layers, value, tone
Styles of Embroidery: Hunan
black and white colors, plain
Correspondence to Object
depicting of form; shape and line
Division and Planning
Arrangement to composition, space and depth
inkplay
"just playing" hobby of the rich and wealthy upper classes, Su's Theory
Ding
white paste with glaze used for palace officials and emperors
Six Principles
Xie He, spirit resonance, bone method, correspondence to the object, suitability of type, division & planning, transmission by copying
Chinese Shadow Puppetry
form of storytelling; image w/ light behind it, moved w/ shadows
literati
type of painting, art as a means of expression, also the Confucius educated man, landscape as personal expression (modern idea, don't sell their art), use paper because its personal, abstract art, focused on one aspect of the landscape
kings of hell
10, go through the courts, very judicial, each king reads the list of "bad" things and accordingly you are sent to a level of hell, Yama big king of hell, 18 levels of hell, offerings allow you to pass,
Chinese Jade: 5 categories
beads pendants belt hooks, weapons, independent sculpture, small objects of emblematic value=han buried with dead, larger objects like the cong=big bowl
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