Chinese Dynasties Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1600-1100 BCE
2070 BC-1600BC
The way
1600-1050 BC
1644-1911 C.E
Pax Sinica
Han Dynasty
Government/social structure:
Emporor, Censors, Civil service exam
1100 - 250 BCE
618 to 907 CE
First Centralized Government
Qin Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
Mongols came in
Society was furthre stratified consisting of an elite class (including the educated gonvernment bureaucracy), Peasants and artisans, and unskilled laborers (including a small number of slaves)
Uniform Coins and Measurements
Qin Dynasty
Zhou dynasty
1122 BC -256 BC
Kow tohz
a ritual of respect
established gun power, interest in confucianism, cotton and tea
(221-206 BC) legalism; created Great Wall by joining earlyfrontier walls and strengthening; the name China; burned books andkilled Confucius scholars; buried some alive; people were oppressedand burdened; first Emperor
During this dynasty the government built Confucian temples and tried to revive the Civil Service tests, in part because they felt the need to reestablish the "ruler to ruled" ideology that was partially lost when Buddhism took root in China.
Built Imperial and Forbidden Cities
Ming Dynasty
During this dynasty Bhuddism was adopted in chinese society.
moved into northeast, Manchuria and established the Jin- as a result the Song moved
Ming Dynasty
1368 AD - 1644 AD
Sung Dynasty
Silver Age
Wang Anshi-wasteland could be developed
Ends with invasion of Mongols
expanded borders to largest ever, prohibited intermarriage with Han Chinese, wore pigtails, opium smuggled in by British, Opium War, loss of tribute system, Hong Kong to British, lost Korea to Japan in Sino-Japanese war, Dowager Empress (Emperor's Aunt) ruled last 30 years and died in 1912, last Chinese dynasty
(1279-1368 CE) This was the Mongol dynasty. This is the time of the Pax Mongolica, where people are given safe passage through the silk road. The capital is moved to Beijing and Kublai Khan gives jobs to mongols and foreigners. The Mongols try to invade J
(618-906) Golden Age of literature and art; Buddhism strengthened;printed the first book; first empress: Wu Hou
Took steps to further centralize the chinese government
Taiwan became part of China during this dynasty.
emperor Qianlong
emperor of Qing made summer palace
Tang Dynasty
taxes, bigger family, bigger taxes, armies Aristocrats, emporess Wu Chao, greatly known for art
Qing emperor, ruled for 60 years, lowered taxes, reduced gov. expenses.
5th Dynasty and Ruler
Yuan Dynasty- Kublai Khan
Zhou/Western Zhou
Made coin money system. Created roads and utalized iron.
Sui Dynasty
forced peasants to build Great Wall and it resembled the Qin dynasty
Bronze wepons were first used in which dynasty?
Zhou accomplishments
copper coins, iron farming tools, new irrigaition systems, started GC
Inventions from the Han dynasty
Improved calendar, seismograph, acupuncture, wheelbarrow, mill wheel, water clock, made paper
Primary cause of social mobility?
The civil service system.
tolitarion rule/autocratic gov't
ruller has absolute power, all show obedience
Treaty of Nanking-1842
Treaty that concluded the Opium War. It , opened additional ports of residence to Britain and ceded Hong Kong to Britain.
Three Kingdoms - Period of Disunion
220 AD - 280 AD
What was the "Southern Song" period?
Period of prosperity following Song retreat to southern China.
Communist China
first empire
10th dynasty
1911-1922 C.E.
Water power mills
Occupied by Japan
Civil Service Exam
Qin Dynasty
Produced emporers, calling themselves "Sons of Heaven: who lived live of luxury.
Bhuddism, Taoism, and Confucianism were at their height during this dynasty.
Xi Dynasty
Pangu, Yu, Shen nung
(1368-1644 CE) This dynasty brought emperor Yongol who hated Mongols and rebuilt the Forbidden City. Also the time of Zheng He who went on 7 expeditions, and after finally closing their borders and finishing the Great Wall of China, they get majorly left
Sun Yat-Sen-Jiang Jieshi-Mao Zedong
1911-1949 CE
Guomandong nationalists
Had Entertainment, Restaurants and Bathhouses
Song Dynasty
This dynasty standardized the writing and language of china.
Han Dynasty
Trade-Great Silk Road
Spread of Buddhism
(1500-1000 BCE) This dynasty was run by 7 or 8 different families who all moved the capital. The king was viewed as an inter-mediary between the people and god. Known for their artistic bronze and 2 horse chariots. They also believed in veneration of ance
The Three kingdoms
Period of warring states (220-618)
During this dynasty coins with holes in the center were used as legal tender.
emperor under the Ming and supported overseas trade, tribute system, built lavish tombs
Shang Dynasty
First Chinese dynasty (1766 B.C. )
Ghang Zhou
port city where foriegners could trade
(1644-1912 CE) This dynasty had 300 to 400 million people living in China because of a population boom. This dynasty was run by the Manchu people and 50% of jobs went to Manchu people and 50% went to Chinese people. This is also the time of the opium wars
Qing Dynasty
pure. Largest dynasty in size and population, changed clothing, hair, and made labor intensive farming. (ruled by outsiders/manchus)
The first kite was used during this dynasty.
Led campaign to take parts of russia and europe
Opium War
British trade opium (drug) to the Chinese for silver. The Chinese sank a British ship and war started. Britian had superior military technology & defeated Chinese.
Kamakura Shogunate
the government by members of a noble Japanese family
End of all Chinese dynasties
The Qing dynasty collapsed in 1911
New roads
618-907 CE
221-202 B.C.E
Means "Brilliant"
Ming Dynasty
Yuan (Mongols)
1200-1294 CE
Standardized the spoken Language
Date of Opium War
(1000-250 BCE) This feudalistic dynasty was the first to have written law. They had an iron coin currency and They were the 1st to declare Mandate of Heaven and Confucious lived during this era; the "One Hundred Schools Era."
Qin Dynasty
strong centralized government, standardized weight, measurement, and coins.
Chinese territory expanded southward as far as north vietnam
(581-618) compulsory labor built Grand Canal and repaired Great Wall
Agriculture was improved bu the invention of ox-drawn lows and a collar that prevented choking in draft animals
Song (Sung)
(960-1279) modernized agriculture; new strains of rice; fireworks; paper money; decline of status of women; footbinding
Matches were invented during this dynasty.
Filial piety
According to Chinese philosopher confucius, children owe their parents duty and respect
Qing Long
Knagxi's Grandson, emperor during china's most prosperous time.
This was the last native Chinese dynasty.
Li Yuan
Founded the Tang dynasty, defeated theTurks
255-206BC Built the Great Wall of China
qin (chin)
legalism, created Great Wall by joining early frontier walls and strengthening, the name of China, burned books and killed Confucius scholars, buried some alive, people were oppressed and burdened, first emperor
The second foreign people to rule China and the last dynasty to rule china.
(581-618 CE) The only two rulers in this dynasty were father and son and through conscripted labor built the Grand Canal connecting the two main rivers.
First Peasant Rule In One Thousand Years
Ming Dynasty
Fall of Yuan
resented Kublia, weak rulers, military leaders fought for power, natural clamities
Later known as Genghis khan, ruled for 21 years, leading mongols in conquest of c. china
Result of Opium War
Unequal Treaties, Chinese would pay for opium and British got Hong Kong and access to more ports in China
206 BC - AD 220) the name of the ethnic majority of China is theHan people; opened silk road to Roman empire; civil service exam based on Confucius teachings for all government employees; expanded borders into Korea and Manchuria; invented paper, gunpowder, wheelbarrow, porcelain; used tribute system (tradingprivileges given only to those countries who acknowledged China'ssuperiority by paying a tribute)
4th Dynasty and Ruler
Tang and Song Dynasty- Tang Taizong, Taizu
200-220 B.C.E
1050-256 BC
1050-256 B.C.E
Means "Pure"
Qing Dynasty
Chinese Communist Party
First Written Records
Shang Dynasty
Time of Trouble
220-618 CE
Uniforms (no loose robes)
Qing Dynasty
Empress Dowager
Empress during Ching Dynasty
Song Dynasty
paper money and banking
(1368-1644) return to Chinese rule; sea expeditions; best porcelain; abruptly stopped sea explorations (too expensive; believed Chinesehad best civilization on earth and nothing foreign was needed or welcome); last native Chinese dynasty
A common written language was standardized
The twelve-month calender was invented during this dynasty.
Xia dynasty
1994 BC - 1766 BC
Lao Zi
"Dao" philosopher studied human society and the link btwn people and nature
Yamato Dynasty
earliest known government of Japan
Genghis' son, next leader of Mongols.(1227-1241)
Chinese Republic
Sun Yan Sen is first president
Occured after a period of civil disorder known as the Era of the warring States the Zhou were replaced by the _______ dynasty
During this dynasty Chinese read the cracks of animal bones to predict the future.
the mongols that threatened the song forcing them to pay high amounts of silver
Later Han Dynasty
25 AD - 220 AD
nomadic conquerors led by Kublai Khan grandson of Ghengis Khan invaded and controlled China, Islam and Christian missionaries, first European traders, Marco Polo, brought peace to borders which meant safe travel
Kublai Khan
Grandson of Genghis, divided empire into khanates.
(206 BCE-220 CE) This dynasty was when the Roman Republic ended and the Roman Empire began. The silk road connect the Mediterranean world (Greece and Rome) to China. The Analects become very popular and filial piety is a big part of life. Confucious is pr
tribute system
trading privileges given only to those countries who acknowledged China's superiority by paying a tribute
Fall of Tang
calamities, eunuchs gained too much power, high taxes
Xin Dynasty
first unified China dynasty, 15 years , Shi Huang Di makes measurement scales
Mongol Empire
Founded by Genghis khan, ruled by Mongols.
During which two dynastys did Marco Polo visit China?
Yuan and Song
Great Wall
Located 1500 miles from east to west in the northern part of China
Song CSS
3 levels- 1st local no gov't job, 2nd imperial not guaranteed job(Juren), 3rd highest and had a high paying gov't job and fame could become literati(Jinshi)
Timeline for Great Wall
Started in 300BC by Zhou and completed in 1600AD by Ming
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