|13. The chinampas||
*(A) were Mesoamerican agricultural plots.
(B) were built to maintain industrial production.
(C) provided farmes with a means of growing waterfowl for export to Europe.
(D) were to be found only in the semi-arid areas of northern Mesoamerica.
(E) were part of Inca religious culture.
|29. Which Macedonian ruler conquered the Greek city-states adn formed the Cirinthian League?||
|8. Chandragupta Maurya ruled||
(A). a highly centralized empire.
(B) a loosely federated kingdom.
(C) with a large army and secret police force.
*(D) both A and C.
|6. The Dravidians||
(A) were descended from the hill peoples of ancient India.
*(B) were descended from the Indus River culture of ancient India.
(C) were descended from the peoples of Central Asia who invaded India in ancient times.
(D) none of the above.
|3. Members of the aristocratic governing class in Rome were known as the||
|9. The fladiatorial games||
(A) stimulated the construction of large indoor theaters throughout the empire.
(B) required only limited public resources to finance the capture, transport, feeding and disposal of live and dead participants because many pious Romans made voluntary contributions.
*(C) diverted the mass of the population from potentially dangerous political or riotous activities.
(D) were abolised by Augustus as detrimental to the traditional values of Roman society.
(E) were entirely a non-Latin phenomena.
|17. What is filial piety?||
*(A) concept whereby family members subordinate themselves to the male head of the household
(B) concept of worshipping dead ancestors
(C) the method for making steel
(D) concept of legalistic government rule
|21. Homer's epic poems gave a universal model of all of the following EXCEPT||
|6. Julius Caesar||
(A) was a member of the Second Triumvirate.
(B) defeated Octavian's army and obtained the title of dictator, then dictator for life.
(C) saw the need for change and strengthened the Senate's power.
*(D) was assassinated by a number of leading senators.
(E) all of the above
|29. The Crusades||
*(A) were due, in part, to power shifts stemming from the weakening of the Byzantine Empire after the rise of the Seljuk Turks.
(B) finally determined that Muslim forces would permanently dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
(C) forced Saladin to reduce his territorial claims and, finally, to accept Christianity, in order to stay in power.
(D) were a period when the behavior of Christian armies was much less brutal than that of Muslim forces.
(E) never reached the city of Jerusalem.
|24. The Hadith and Shari'a||
(A) were adopted, respectively, from Jewish and Christian writings.
(B) were the "Pillars of Islam."
*(C) were, respectively, a collection of Muhammad's saying and a law code.
(D) were, respectively, a law code and a marriage manual for Muslims.
(E) was a military manual to be used in war against the Western Crusaders.
|18. The Moche culture||
(A) was ended by a devastating pandemic of the Black Death.
(B) was located in a rain forest.
*(C) may have been ended by major environmental changes, including both severe flooding and the spread of area deserts.
(D) was pacifistic, perhaps the major cause of its long existence.
(E) was destroyed by the Aztecs.
|5. Roman slaves||
(A) never rebelled, due to their fair treatment they received.
(B) were never involved in agriculture but only in manufacturing enterprises.
*(C) staged a number of rebellions, the largest led by Spartacus in 71 B.C.E.
(D) made up well over half the population of the empire.
(E) received their freedom as reward for the military assistance at the battle of Actium.
|22. Which of the following best describes the Greek term "polis"?||
(A) citizens with political rights
(B) a community of citizens in which all economic, political, social and cultural activities are focused
(C) all citizens who possessed fundamental rights and responsibilities
*(D) all of the above
|26. Who wrote "History of the Persian Wars"?||
|1. The government of Rome||
(A) was originally established as a representative democracy.
(B) contained an element of republicanism from its beginnings.
*(C) was originally a monarchy but later became a republic.
(D) was developed as a monarch under the Celts.
(E) was ruled by the upper class plebians.
|31. The great river than dominates the western region of Africa, the so-called "hump of Africa," is the||
|26. The theoretical purpose of the jihad was to||
(A) maintain peak military readiness.
(B) wage holy war against all other Muslims on the Arabian peninsula.
(C) broaden Muslim hegemony throughout Africa and Europe.
*(D) strive in the way of the Lord.
(E) massacre all Jews and Christians.
|28. Who believed in rule by the upper classes or philosopher kings as exhibited in his most famous work, "The Republic"?||
(D) none of the above
|15. All of the following were reforms in the Qin dynasty, EXCEPT,||
(A) standardized weights and measures
(B) harsh penal code
(C) direct taxation of peasant by the state
*(D) private commerce and manufacturing expanded.
|4. The First Punic War||
(A) resulted from a Roman invasion of Spain.
*(B) was waged between Carthage and Rome over control of the island of Sicily.
(C) was begun with an attack by Hannibal.
(D) discouraged the Romans from developing their naval power.
(E) was caused by a Macedonian assault on Sicily.
|2. Roman imperialism was characterized by||
(A) a desire to improve the economies of conquered peoples.
(B) unsuccessful diplomatic moves.
(C) pure accident and fate.
*(D) strategic fortification, road construction, and allied military support.
(E) the successful employment of the phalanx.
|25. The Five Pillars of Islam included all of the following EXCEPT||
(B) fasting during the month of Ramadan.
(C) making a pilgrimage to Mecca.
*(D) taking part in a jihad against the infidels.
(E) give alms to the poor and unfortunate.
|10. The reason why Jesus was denounced and crucified was that||
(A) radicals were disappointed because he was so messianic.
*(B) conservatives saw him as a potential revolutionary who might lead a revolt against Rome.
(C) Persian authorities saw him as a revolutionary threat.
(D) Samaritans found his ideas offensive.
(E) Middle Eastern monotheists disagreed with his theology.
|33. Which of the following is NOT a valid observation about the ancient civilization of the Kush?||
(A) It was initially called Nubia.
(B) Evidence suggests that it may have developed an agricultural kingdom before the Egyptians.
*(C) It spread its empire to the north by driving the Romans out of Egypt.
(D) The discovery of iron ore at Meroë enabled the Kush to become a significant commercial force in the central African region.
(E) It was a civilization that had its own language, a definite organization of governmental power and a high level or mercantile success.
|7. All of the following statements about the city of Harappa are true, EXCEPT||
(A) it was surrounded by a wall 40 feet thick.
(B) it had streets up to 30 feet wide.
*(C) it had 30,000 inhabitants at its height.
(D) it had bathrooms with drains carrying wastewater outside of the city.
|39. All of the following was true about the southern African state of Zimbabwe EXCEPT||
(A) it was located south of the Zambezi River.
*(B) it played no significant role in the gold trade with the Swahili states to the east.
(C) it derived great wealth from its role in expanded trade activities between coastal Africa and regions of the continent's interior.
(E) it had a significant role in the gold trade with the Swahili states.