|23. Hoplites were||
*(A) heavily armed infantrymen who carried a short sword and a long spear
(B) aristocratic cavalrymen
(C) a unit of military men formed into eight ranks deep
(D) all of the above
|18. Where was the earliest civilization in the Aegean region located?||
|11. The Vedas were written in||
|40. Slavery in Africa||
(A) was introduced by the Muslims.
*(B) was an ancient practice that used people for a range of tasks, including military service, agricultural and construction labor, and for domestic and royal servants.
(C) saved its harshest treatment for the domestic and royal servants.
(D) was virtually nonexistent in North Africa.
(E) never involved more than two percent of the population.
|30. _____ was the great Hellenistic scientist who established the constant value of pi.||
|5. Who conquered Judah and destroyed Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E.?||
|4. Hammurabi is most known for||
(A) conquering the Persians.
(B) developing an alphabet.
(C) defeating the Amorites.
(D) developing a code of law.
|24. The conquered peoples who were forced into serfdom by the Spartans were called||
|9. The Upanishads were||
(A) the Hindu priestly class.
(B) the sacred texts of the Aryans.
(C) followers of strict Hindu asceticism.
*(D) a set of commentaries on the Vedas.
|8. During the centuries of Roman history, from Republic to Empire, the paterfamilias' authority||
(D) remained the same.
(E) was eliminated entirely.
|22. The Ka'aba||
(A) was a group of sacred stones revered by the Bedouin tribes, each of which possessed one.
*(B) was a large black rock that was housed in a central shrine in Mecca, and worshiped by all pre-Islamic Arabs.
(C) represented the monotheism of the Bedouins.
(D) was Allah's representative Arab priesthood.
(E) was the male initiation ceremony when one formally became an adult.
|34. Axum was probably||
(A) the capital city of Kush.
*(B) originally a colony of the Kingdom of Saba/Sheba in the Arabian Peninsula.
(C) the home of Mansa Musa.
(D) fatally defeated by the army of Zimbabwe.
(E) on the Congo River.
|27. Under the Umayyad Dynasty||
(A) Ethiopia became an Islamic state.
*(B) the Islmaic Arab empire expanded enormously.
(C) Iraqi Shi'ite and Sunnite forces became united.
(D) internal authority was strengthened by the propriety of the caliphs' behavior.
(E) Constantinople was captured in 711.
|12. What is the longest reigning dynasty in Chinese history?||
|14. Which of the One Hundred schools of Chinese thought believed that only a strong ruler could keep order in society since man's basic nature was corrupt?||
|25. Who became the leader of Athens after the Persian Wars and helped make it the center of Greek culture?||
|1. The earliest human creatures were called||
(A) homo sapiens
(B) homo habilis
(D) homo erectus
|3. _____ was the leader of the Akkadians who conquered the Sumerican city-states around 2340 B.C.E.||
|15. The sacred ball court||
*(A) had life or death implications for those who played upon it.
(B) could only be played on by Mayan priests.
(C) was a large, open, circular playing area that employed the use of straw baskets into which large, soft, balls had to be tossed.
(D) was found only among the Incas and Iroquois.
(E) disappeared after the fall of Olmec cvilization.
|19. The civilization of the Inca||
*(A) constructed an impressive system of roads and bridges throughout its extensive domain.
(B) emplyed a force of highly-paid workers to construct the structures that it produced.
(C) offered all women nothing but a life of domestic service restricted to the home.
(D) developed an abundant lowland valley community at Machu Picchu.
(D) routinely executed all war prisoners its army captured.
|26. The great iron-working culture of northern Nigeria was the||
|10. According to Buddhism, pain and sorrow were caused by||
*(A) human attachment to worldly things.
(B) human desires to attain Nirvana.
(C) extreme asceticism.
(D) the desires of the soul.
|16. Which of the following was NOT an idea that the Han borrowed from the Qin system of government?||
*(A) state Confucianism
(B) tripartite division of power
(C) the system of provinces and districts
(D) merit system
|20. The hero of the epic poem "Illiad" is||
|23. The Koran or Qur'an||
(A) is the book containing the holy scriptures of Zoroastrianism.
(B) contained the guidelines by which a Hindu was to live.
*(C) was derived from the revelations of Muhammad.
(D) means, literally, "acceptance."
(E) was first written in 476 C.E.
|2. Which of the following is (are) consequences of the Neolithic revolution?||
(A) People settled in towns.
(B) Communities began to engage in trade.
(C) A division of labor developed.
*(D) All of the above.
|32. The geographical obstacle which divides Africa's northern coast from the rest of the continent||
(A) is the Niger River.
(B) is the Nile River.
(C) are the atlas Mountains.
*(D) is the Sahara Desert.
(E) is the Kalahari Desert.
|27. Which of the following is true of the Sophists?||
(A) They were wandering scholars.
(B) They believed understanding of the universe was beyond human capability.
(C). They believed there was no absolute right or wrong.
*(D) All of the above.
|38. The original reason for the rise of the kingdom of Ghana was||
(A) its water resources.
(B) its rich silver deposits.
*(C) the middleman role it played in the godl trade btween its neighbors who produced it and the Moroccans who distributed it to the Mediterrnean world.
(D) a possible explanation for its demise may have been its unsound environmental practices, such as overgrazing.
(E) it had a significant role in the gold trade with the Swahili states.
|7. Under the reigns of the five "good emperors"||
(A) the power of the senate increased.
(B) nearly a century of chaos consumed Rome.
*(C) the range of responsibilties that were affected by the policies of the emperors increased.
(D) public works construction decreased.
(E) Rome gained control of the British Isles and the Arabian peninsula.