Gothic Test Flashcards

early gothic architecture
Terms Definitions
Habiliment
Clothing
Herod
a king
Ramparts
Heavy Walls
Sainte-Chapelle (image)
Notre Dame
Paris
vignettes
painting that fades
Hernani
a famous play
Chartres
1145-1155
Chartres, France
-best example or early Gothic architecture
-two different towers
-3 portals, rose window, lancets
-pointed arches, ribs, and maze on the floor (journey of a pilgrim)
-windows use primary colors, Mary=blue, Jesus=red
-remove stained glass
-south transept is 60-70 yrs later, more realistic...almost contrapposto
Sainte-Chapelle (location)
Paris, France
corpulent
extreamly fat or obese
Laon
1190
Laon, France
-early, undecorated around windows
-rose window, 2 tall towers (FRENCH)
Chartres Cathedral (location)
Chartres, France
Interior of Saint denis
...
satirical
containing, or characterized by satire:satirical novels
cadaverous
to look like a corpse
tracery
ornamental stonework holding stained glass in place, characteristic of Gothic cathedrals
Reims, jamb statues
1220-1255
France
-more detached
-2 pairs by two different artists
-anunciation
archivolt
the continuous, arch-shaped molding, often in concentric bands, following the contour of a Romanesque or Gothic arch
Sufficient
large enough for something to fit
crockets
an architectural ornament of curved foliage used at the edge of a spire or gable
Transept
Structure forming the transverse part of a cruciform church
trefoil
a three-leaf clover-shaped ornament or symbol most often used in architecture; the shape symbolizes the trinity
Gothic manuscripts influenced by this
stained glass
Notre Dame facade third floor
rose window
locution
a expresion a characteristic or a region or cultural level
dagging
form of decoration, edges of garment cut into points or scallops
bar tracery
the dominant class of tracery consisting of decorative patterns
formed from thin stone bars..
Rayonnant style
the Radiant style, originating during the reign of Louis the Fourteenth in France, sometimes referred to as the Court style or "the style of the French." The name which carried through the ages refers to the patterning of the windows which allowed for such radiant lighting.
Trumeau
pillar or central post supporting a lintel in a doorway
S-Shaped Curve
Gothic Sculptures attempt to recreate contrapposto
Lancets
Tall, narrow windows ending in pointed arches in a gothic cathedral
flying buttress
consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid buttress to which it transmits lateral thrust
Characterized by round columns in interior, rib vaults only go to tops of capitals
Early Gothic
plate armor
Protective armor worn by knights made of large pieces of metal linked together.
fan vault
a vault which consists of fan-shaped half cones that usually meet at the center of a vault.
Barrel vault
semicylindrical vault is really a deep series of arches one behind the other, over an oblong space
northern suburbs of Paris: ambulatory
and radiating chapels at east end, 1140-1144
Abbey church of Saint-Denis
jamb statue/figure
figural sculpture attached to the side posts of a doorway
antimacasser
a small coving placed on the backs and arms of funiture to prevent soiling
dormer window
a vertical window and window box that projects from a sloping roof, has its own roof, most commonly a pedimental or gable roof.
Saint Denis
the church where the birth of the Gothic began in choir which was being rebuilt 1140
rib vaults go from ceiling to floor, larger window space, choirs, and chevets, compound piers common, more scultpure on facade
High Gothic
Clerestory
A row of windows in the upper part of a wall
cluster or compound pier
a type of pier that is composed not of a single member but has shafts, half-columns, or pilaster strips attached to it.
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