Government 164 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
labor resources
workers
expressed powers
constitutional powers
decentralize
Primary elections, national conventions, and other federal measures and regulations have helped (centralize/decentralize) political parties and political authority.
24th Amendment
No poll tax
Pork
Legislatioon that allows representatives to bring home the bacon to their districts in the form of public works programs, military bases, or other programs designed to benefit their district directly.
secret
something that should remain private
Judicial
Determines if laws are unconstitutional.
standing committees
permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area.
constituents
people a member of Congress represents
civil society
complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations and many other kinds of groups that exist independent of government
dual-federalism
(1790-1933) emphasis on power of federal government limited to delegated powers; states considered themselves sovereign; tension between the federal and state governments over scope of their authorities. Very confrontational between state and federal governments. Federal government is to conduct foreign policies, and ensure our shores from invasion, and the rest of the powers belong to the states and that they can't be interfered by the federal government. It got bloody Civil War, 650,000 people lost their lives. The superior government was the national government. By imposing reconstruction on the south.
limited
debate in the house is _________________
Government
is institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled.
Preamble
Begining of the constitution, states purposes and goals
1886-1913
Reform measures in state. Antimonopoly and antitrust legislation passed. James Hogg became governor, during term Texas Railroad Commissions was created
replace an existing court
L over J
24th
Prohibition of the restriction of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes
Segregation
a social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
dealignment
a trend among voters to identify themselves as independents rather than as members of a major party
Checks and Balances
The constitution principle that government powers shall be divided and that fragments should balance or check one another to prevent tyranny.
18th Amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
constitution
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
Prime Minister
Chief officer of the canadian gov.
domestic tranquility
Ensuring ? means ensuring peacefulness of calmness.
Block Grant
created by Republicans, these national funds are given to state and local governments for a broader purpose and they impose fewer restrictions on the states regarding how the money is to be spent
establishment clause
intened to protect the religious diversity of the state from the gov't.
California, Texas, New york are
The largest states
liberal
minimum wage should increase yearly to reflect the cost of living
Solid South
historically, the South voted solidly Democratic. However, the South is now strongly Republican: Bush carried every Southern state in 2000.
theories of Vladimir Lenin, among them that advanced capitalist countries turned toward war and colonialism to make their own workers relatively prosperous
leninism
unitary system
the central gov hold all key powers
minor party
one of the less widely supported political parties in a gov't system
Majority
more than half, or the group that controls a vote of that size
Wilson's 14 points
Goal ----- World peace --------- impossible, but he wanted to avoid a future world war
1. Equality of trade
2. Freedom of seas
3. No secret treaties
4. Reduce Arms
5. LEAGUE OF NATIONS ----- Most important one
majority representation
the system by which one office, contested by two or more candidates, is won by the single candidate who collects the most votes
Classify Iran as ___________ & ____________
Aligarchy and Federal
Electoral college
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
positive acts of government that make constitutional guarantees a reality
civil rights
Judicial restraint
Court should allow policies to remain in effect unless they are clearly unconstitutional
Presidential succession
VP speaker of the house president tempore of senate then committee in order
national convention
a meeting of party delegates held every four years
oligarchy
A form of government in which the right to participate is conditioned on the possession of wealth, social status, military position, or achievement
Due Process Clause
The constitutional guarantee, set out in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments, that the government will not illegally or arbitrarily deprive a person of life, liberty, or property.
Gulf Coast Region
has 2nd and 3rd generation wealth
Strict Scrutiny
the highest level of judicial scrutiny that is applied esp. to a law that allegedly violates equal protection in order to determine if it is narrowly tailored to serve a compelling state interest
veto
the power or right vested in one branch of a government to cancel or postpone the decisions, enactments, etc., of another branch, esp. the right of a president, governor, or other chief executive to reject bills passed by the legislature.
Selective Benefit
Goods that a group can restrict to those who pay their annual dues.
Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states
Initiative
a process in which a certain number of qualified voters sign petitions in favor of a proposed statute or constitutional amendment, which then goes directly to the ballot
force theory
idea that governments were formed as a result of one group's conquest of another.
Generational Effects
The impact of events experienced by a generational cohort on the formation of common political orientation
Senate
Their job is to take a careful, second look at govenment plans that have been approved by the House of Commons. The Senate has the power to stop laws from being created. Senators can keep their position until they are 75 years old.
criminal laws
the body of law that regulates the conduct of individuals as members of the state.
legislative branch
the part of government that makes the laws
scott v sanford
the 1857 supreme court decision ruling that slavve who had escaped to a free state enjoyed no rights as a citizen and that congress had no authority to ban slavery in the territories
Federalist
a group of people that believe in a strong central government and that support the U.S. Constitution
per curium
a ruling issued by an appellate court of multiple judges in which the decision rendered is made by the court (or at least, a majority of the court) acting collectively and anonymously. In contrast to regular opinions, a per curium does not list the individual judge responsible for authoring the decision, but minority dissenting and concurring decisions are signed
natural-born citizen
a citizen born in the United States or a U.S. commonwealth, or to parents who are U.S. citizens
northwest ordince of 1787
a plan for divideing the northwest territory
cheif executive
must see that the laws of congress are carried out, in charge of the exec. branch employees and federal departments and agencies
federal election campaign act
law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal Election Commission (FEC), provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending, required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.
State and local party organizations do all of the following except
litigate against unfavorable policies
Cheif citizan
As the rep of the people working for the public interect
about the purchuse of Louisiana
the constitution did not empower the president to buy land troubled Jefferson about...
political culture refers to
a set of shared values and veliefs about a nation and its government in society
What is my strategy to remember the Oregon Reps
WWWS House Department Babble
What does the 8th Amendment protect?
No cruel or unusual punishment; lawful bail.
what does the judicial branch do
interpret laws/ decide wether the laws follow the constitution or not
what are governments use of private contractors?
-allows officials to claim that they are downsizing the federal work force while actually expanding it.
-most contracts for private contractors are not subject to full and open competition
-there is less public scrutiny of private contractors.
30 years Citizen of US for 9 years and REsident of the state
What are the qualifications for Senator?
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