christianity quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Church
Gathering
Alcuin
...
presbyter
elder; priest
Christianity is
monotheistic
iconoclast
image breakers
passover
palm sunday-sabboth day(saturday)
west city (patriarchal)
rome
Council of Trent
k
Who favored Christianity?
Constantine
synoptic Gospels
matthew, mark, luke
Where did Hebrews settle?
Caanan
what does pagan mean?
nonchristian
Constantine
The first Christian emperor.
episkipos
over seer; bishop
-inheritor of apostles authority
God (the Holy Trinity)
higher power
Paul
Jesus' follower who spreads Christianity
gentiles
People who are not Jewish
Orthodoxy
The Eastern branch of Christianity
Sacrament(alism)
distinctive doctrine of Roman Catholicism: the saving grace of Christ, salvation itself, cannot be accessed by an individual on their own, it has to be through the church and its rituals; there can be no salvation outside of the church (further developments in Vatican II); there were 7 sacraments that were instituted; a sacrament is a religious ritual that was instituted by Christ
• Martin Luther
Protestant Reformation (Lutheran Churches) - Believed there was something wrong with the indulgences payment system because religion isn’t about observing the outward but rather your attitudes in actions (indulgence system took on the attitude of buying one’s way into heaven) → this was the theology suggested by Luther; also proclaimed that clergy was extremely immoral and he rejected the Catholic Doctrine of Mass (ie Sacrifice of the Mass)
Bible
sacred scripture for Christians, consisting of the Old Testament (Christian term for the Hebrew Scriptures) and the New Testament
Religiosity
natural tendency to have a religion
Catacombs
Secret burial grounds for Christians to pray
Church Planting:
Establishment of new Christian congregations as an integral part of an outreach strategy.
Compromise
don't need circumcision or dietary laws, except no meat offered to Pagan god
gospel
anything proclaimed as the absolute truth
excommunication
Formal expulsion from the Church, particularly the Roman Catholic Church, for doctrinal error or moral misconduct.
Martin Luther
1483-1546. German theologian, monk, university professor, and church reformer. Ideals lead to Protestant Reformation. Excommunicated by Catholic Church in 1521 after dispute with Charles V. Translated the Bible into German, and this contributed to the further development of the German language. Hymns inspired the development of congregational singing within Christianity. Author of the 95 Theses.
sacraments
the sacred rituals of the Church
who became the pope?
bishopric of Rome
usher-minister of hospitality
greet, seat, collect money
Roman Catholic
-52% of world's Christians-dominant branch in SW and E Europe
Role of Mother Mary
-Immaculate Conception
-Virgin Birth
-Bodily assumption to heaven
Fundamentalism
in Christianity, a movement by conservative Protestants to reject modernity in Christianity, advocating the literal inerrancy of scripture and strict adherence to traditional doctrine and morality
purgatory
state in which souls were neither damned or free of sin
Nestorianism
heresy - Mary cannot be called Theotokos (Mother of God).
Belief in life after death
Heaven or hell
Purgatory
Denomination
One of the Protestant branches of Christianity
Eschatology
("study of last things") Term for concepts related to the end of the world and the human order.
Mark
Second book of the gospel. Written around 65CE-75CE. contains 16 chapters 2 main sections. Written by unknown authorr. The Messianic secret is the most important theme
Judas Iscariot
(New Testament) the Apostle who betrayed Jesus to his enemies for 30 pieces of silver
Lazurus
The site where Jesus performed a resurrection
Mormon hierarchy
1. (Top) church president called Prophet
2. Quorum of the 12 Apostles
3. first and second Quorum of the Seventies
4. stake presidents
-pastors called Bishops
Synoptic
Matthew, Mark, Luke are the synoptic gospels or "together-see"
Jesus
source of Christianity, lived from 4 BC to 29 CE
Eucharist
"Good gift" in Greek; the Lord's Supper
St. Paul
Depicted with a sword
Martyred by being beheaded
relativizing fallacy
dismissing any behavior because of context
tradition
this and scripture as authority for christian life (protestants were sola scriptura)
Iconoclast Controversy
East Worshiped icons and West didn't
Anglican
Henry VIII and Elizabeth I; most catholic in early stages; national church headed by leader of England; focus on English; between Prot and Cath
Resurrection
rising from the dead; in Christian belief, Christ's resurrection as the first fruit of the resurrection of all at the end of the world.
4 ways of god's revelation
individual experience (moses&the burning bush), through events in history (the exodus), within sacred scriptures (the bible), and through religious teachings and statements of faith (dogma)
dogma
A system of beliefs declared to be true by a religion.
apocalypticism
The belief that the world will soon come to an end; this belief usually includes the notion of a great battle, final judgement, and reward of the good
the rapture
when Christians will be gathered in the air to meet Christ
3 views: pretribulation (rapture will occur before 7 year trib. period), midtribulation (rapture will occur in the middle of the 7 year trib), posttribulation (rapture after tribluation). invented by an irishman
Christian Beliefs
how jesus taught about god in different places
incarnation
in flesh, a belief that God became visible in Jesus
Peter
was an apostle or follower and friend of Jesus. He became a missionary and first bishop of Rome
School of Alexandria
Theological and catechetical center of Egypt, from the end of the second century, which emphasized the divinity of Christ.
New Testament/Gospel
"good news", Matthew Mark Luke and John
How many books does the Old Testament have?
39
pope
"Head of all the churches;" head of Catholicism.
redemption
buy again, buy back, the belief that the death of jesus has paid the price of justice for all human wrongdoign.
Hildegard von Bingen
German women, Poet, singer, Deep experience of faith
• The Great Schism
~10th Century, Church not unified anymore; difference in political, theological, practice opinions start to become apparent; yr 1054 rupture, condemn one another (Roman Catholic – Latin West & Eastern Orthodox – Greek East)
instructed
to furnish with knowledge, esp. by a systematic method; teach; train; educate.
Ten Commandments
rules God gave to Jews and Christians to follow in order to go to heaven
Jesus Christ
One whose teachings and life form the basis of the Christian religion; A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe Jesus to be Son of God.
Paul of Tarsus
51 CE in Corinth preaching of Messiah
Great Schism
the separation of most of the Eastern churches from the Western Church in A.D. 1054.
Cyrillic alphabet
based on the Greek alphabet which is in common use in e Europe and Russia today
Excommunicate
To declare that a person or group no longer belongs to a church. Pope says.
Relics
parts of the body or clothing of a saint.
Kyrie
refers to a portion of the Latin mass which contains the words "Lord have mercy."
Eastern Orthodox
- No pope (Patriarch)
- Union w/ God through Grace
- Greek & Russian
Gospel of John
4th gospel, written in 110 BCE, almost 180 years after the life of Christ. Contains explicit theological reflection, unlike the synoptic gospels. John tries to understand who Jesus is, and explores the relationship between Jesus as the Messiah and God as his father. Begins with "In the beginning was the word, and the word was God... and the word became flesh and his dwelling among us"
Kingdom of Heaven
the paradisal rule of God that would follow the apocalptic distress and judgement
Reformation (Luther, Calvin, 15th Century)
creation of Protestantism due to Martin Luther questioning the acts of the Catholic Church in Wittenburg, Gernmany. thus the third branch of Christianity was createdq
new testament other than gospels
Second reading (from Paul's epistles or other apostolic writings)
Ark of the Covenant
Ways in which God is present - theophanies, ________________, faithful remnant, Jesus, church.
reasons for growth of christianity
preached a gospel of hope, offered help, promised afterlife, treated sick, aided poor, taught skills in ag and architecture, introduced books, spread use of technology
Catherine of Siena
Noble woman who lead such a moral life when people looked at her they converted to Christianity, "mother of souls"
in W Roman church the pope asserted
his domination over all christians which was not opposed until Protestant Reformation of 1700's
What were Jesus' two main commandments?
Love God and love your neighbor. These show us that Jesus was concerned with the well-being of civilization and how everyone treated one another
Why did Noah build the Ark?
God told him to build the Ark because God was angry with everyone in the world, and He wanted to flood the Earth. Noah was warned to build an Ark because He was following God's commands. God was happy with Noah.
2 dividing issues in E and W orthodox churches
1. Did holy spirit come from father or son?
2. the growing pwr of the pope and the claim that the bishop of Rome was the head of all Christians
Mass
...
Loving
Agape
none
sacred language
Col. Key Verse:
2:6-10
Sola fide
Faith alone
counter-reformation
-countering protestant reformations
-way of countering constant criticisms
Where was Jesus raised?
Nazareth
logos
words, wisdom and reason
Pharisees were loyal to
Romans
Liturgy
rites of public worship
Messiah
warrior kings, Jesus Christ
Easter Sunday
celebration of jesus ressurection
accidents
characteristics or features of something
Trinity
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Scholasticism
particular approach to Christian theology, associated especially with the Middle Ages, which lays emphasis upon the rational justification and systematic presentation of Christian Theology
New Testament
Jesus Life, 4 Gospels
John Calvin
french reformer and theologian
Beatitudes
Short, simple proclamations about happiness that Jesus made to describe those who are blessed by God.
Benedictine Rule
chastity, obedience, poverty to God
magisterium
Official teaching voice of the Catholic Church
Priest
A person who performs religious rites
Salvation
deliverance from sin and its consequences
Patriarch
Head of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Hierarchy
an organization with different levels of power or authority
Christmas
a christian holiday that celebrates Jesus' birth
Who are the Prophets?
Abraham, Jesus, Muhammed
an understanding of ecclesiastical and responsibility that taught that the highest authority and responsibility in the Catholic Church resides in a general church council of bishops and not with the pope; generally have a corporate approach to church lead
conciliarism
Soren Kirkegaard
Important christian theologian who said that faith is hard and difficult, and not meant to make sense. Even doubt is good because your acting upon your faith.
Exorcism
removal of sin or evil, particularly an evil spirit in possession of somone, by prayer or ritual action
Edict of Milan
freedom of worship in rome
kingdom of god
God's rule over all things
Inquisition
a violent search for heracy in Christian lands
heresy
a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
fears about christianity
jesus is out to death
apotheosis
Greek word for a human achieving divine status
Reformed Churches
Churches that are Calvinist in doctrine and often Presbyterian in governance; strong in the Netherlands and Scotland and also found in France, Switzerland, and Hungary.
Monasticism
religious way of life characterized by renouncing worldly goods to fully devote oneself to a religious life (nuns and monks)
Psalms
3rd book in hebrew bibl, 150 psalms
Bishop
A church official responisble 4 all christians in the area, DIOCESE
had the honorary title of patriarch
chanted
a short, simple melody, esp. one characterized by single notes to which an indefinite number of syllables are intoned, used in singing psalms, canticles, etc., in church services.
second coming
"presence" the anticitped return of Christ to the world, at which time the dead will be resurrected and all people will be judged
Koine Greek
Common Greek, language of the common people in which the New Testament is written
quakers
a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660
Confrontation
Paul thinks he won and returns to Antioch and sees Peter eating with Gentiles and Paul yells at him (hypocrite)
Confirmation
A rite of initation into a Christian church
Ichthys
an acrostic for the Greek phrase that means "Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior" Also a fish
Methodism
comes out of the thought that churches don't help people but they believe in heaven, hell, miracles, etc. don't believe Christians get anything from churches. reacted to similar issues Enlightenment responded to. launched by John and Charles Wesley- movement in 18th century that combined novelty with tradition- denomination that grew out of revival within the Anglican Church, focuses on emotional piety and centers around the sermon- movement became most popular in North America which the brothers visited 1735- other like-minded missionaries traveled through the American colonies- emphasis on emotional experience of God and egalitarian leanings are two factors in its popularity there
Doctrine of the Trinity
one God in three persons
martyr
someone who is willing to die for their beliefs
when were the gospels composed?
60-95 AD in greek
Christianity is ___________ and the ______________ religion in the world today.
Monotheistic and Largest
Mission
The attempt to fulfill god's call to make disciples of all people.
sacrament
A ritual act that is intended to impart God's grace to humans.
obediential potency
our capacity to respond to God in faith.
Religious History (Latin America):
1. Roman Catholics
2. Spanish & Portuguese Catholics
3. New Anti-Church governments
4. Liberation Theology
5. Bible Translation
6. Protestants/Pentecolstals
St. Peter
became head of the sect after Jesus died, considered the founder of the Christian church (Petrine Theory) executed by Nero
two natures, one person
doctrine affirmed by Council of Chalcedon (451 CE); in the one person of Jesus are two natures (divine and human) said to coexist in unity but without confusion or mixture, so Jesus is fully human in everything except sin, and yet the fullness of God is also present in him and united to him.
Nicea
The city in Asia Minor where in 325 the first ecumenical council was held to condemn Arianism.
7. What does "Christ" mean?
"The Lord's Anointed, the Messiah"
Martyrs
What do we call a Pearson who is killed for refusing to give up his faith?
nicene creed
what defined the basic beliefs of the christian church?
Original Sin
teaching that all humans share a basic condition of sinfulness
Who was the first split between?
Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy
chars of orthodox church
1. divided w ethnic and linguistics
2. accept statements of faith of first 7 church councils
3. bishop of Rome has primacy but also holds that decisions made w all patriarchs and bishops
Roman Catholicism
Church of Rome - St Peter is the founder. Pope is the head, revolves around 7 Sacrements
• Pauline epistles or letters
~11 that are attributed to Paul, letters to churches Paul visited, in which he addresses their issues
Gregory the Great
(540-604) Pope from 590 to 604. He is associated with major innovations in the liturgy of the church (Gregorian Chants). He defended the primacy of the bishopric of Rome.
Word of God may refer to?
Jesus Christ, direct speech, through prophets, the Bible
Jesus' entry into Jerusalem, the temple, Garden of Gethsemane, etc. on up to "Easter"(most important Christian holiday)
- The celebration of palm Sunday recalls Jesus' entry into Jerusalem for the feast of passover
-Jesus went into the temple and drove out the buyers and sellers and the money changers
- Jesus and eleven of his disciples then went to the garden of Gethsemane; they were to watch for him while he prayed.
-Jesus went to high priest house
-high priest delivered Jesus to Pilate
-Romans led Jesus outside the city to a place called Golgotha
-Easter
when did the Easter church break off?
1054 AD called the Great Schism
What are the 7 major christian beliefs? how wouuld you describe them?...
1- 1 god(monotheism) 2-god created the world 3- world is influenced by the sin of adam and eve 4- jesus 5- judgement day 6- trinity (god the father, god the son, god the holy spirit) 7- catholic church
13. What was the primacy of the Bishop of Rome (the Pope) based on?
The New Testament passage in which Jesus told Simon/Peter to build my church on this rock. Jesus chose him to succeed him as ruler of church. Since Peter built a church in Rome the bishop of Rome inherited the power Jesus had given Peter.
filioque
WC
statues
WC
Usually no pews
EO
murals on cieling
EO
Nave and sanctuary
EO
Faith alone-salvation, grace, scripture
P
Icons instead of statues
EO
sacraments called 7 mysteries
EO
Churches have domed rooves
EO
No organ music, choral music
EO
Divorce granted under certain circumstances
EO
ppl stand for entire mass
EO
Services can last for several hours
EO
priesthood of believers, everyone can have direct connection w God, all called to be ministers
P
Icon
'Image' (Greek) religious painting on wood as used in the orthodox
ministers can marry, women can be ordained
P
3 basic tenets: faith alone, grace alone, scripture alone
P
Personal merit does not matter, good deeds reflect faith
P
Eucharist is body and blood of christ
EO
Bible (Christian)
The scriptures sacred to Christians, consisting of the books of the Hebrew Bible and New Testament
3 fold purpose of Icons: 1) Create reverence in worship, 2) Instruct those unable to read, 3) link bw worshipper and God
EO
painting an icon is a form of prayer
EO
Protestant Principle
The ability of each believer to radically rethink and interpret the ideas and values and the values
Fathers in whom much trust is put in: St Basil and St John Chrysostom
EO
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