Government Vocab 35 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
group pardon
civil rights
prohibits discriminations
provide emotional support
rule by one person
Twenty Third Ammendment
Eectoral College
establishment clause
separates church and state
Fixed members in the cabinet
most important way citizens participate in their govt.
According to the original Constitution, who was directly elected by the people? Senators or Representatives?
role played by elected representatives who act as trustees or as delegates, depending on the issue.
Federal-Question Cases
Cases concerning the Constitution, federal laws, or treaties
Executive agreement
A nonbinding presidential agreement made with another head of state in which both sides agree to carry out a particular action.
According to the Constitution, the Vice President presides over this
Continental Congress
Governing body of the colonies
the litigant who brings charges against an individual, corporation, or government in a civil or criminal court case.
German royal family who ruled Brandenburg from 1415 and later extended their control to Prussia (1525). Under Frederick I (r. 1701-1713) the family's possessions were unified as the kingdom of Prussia.
Press briefing
A relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
Personal Property
These assests include Jewelry, stocks, clothes, copyrights, and patents
body of fundamental laws setting out the proncipals, structures, and processes of a gov't.
An individual who works in a bureaucracy; as generally used, the term refers to a government employee.
talk radio
a specialized form of radio programming on which one or more hosts provide commentary and often invite listeners to call in to the show and offer their own opinions
jus soli
the principle that a person's nationality at birth is determined by the place of birth
only offering one side of an issue
factors of production
natural resources, human resources, capital resources, entrepreneurship
spoils system
pract. of awarding pub offices, contracts&other govt favors to those who supported the party in power
judicial branch
supreme court justices. 9 judges. decides if laws agree with the constitution
Member of the political community to whom certain rights and obligations are attached.
police power
laws and regulations, not otherwise unconstitutional, that promote health, safety, and morals
the process of determining the number of reps. a country or a district may have in a legislature
Reserved Powers
Powers not assigned by the constitution to the national gov. but left to the states or to the people, according to the 10th Amendment.
to select an individual for an office by voting
Refers to the fact that the state legislature meets every 2 years
rule by the "best"; in reality, rule by an upper class
a layer of gases that surrounds the earth
Closed Primary
A party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote
party image
The voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats stand for, such as conservatism and liberalism.
imperial presidency
president acts an an "emperor" and does not consult congress or seek their approval
Unitary System
System of government where the local and regional governments derive all authority from a strong national government
the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval
A resident of another country who has not yet become a citizen of the country he or she lives in
Ben Bernanke
current chairman of the fed and appointed by G.W. Bush
open primaries
elections to select party nominees in which voters can decide on Election Day whether they want to participate in the Democratic or Republican contests.
electoral college
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
political ideology
a coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. it helps give meaning to political events, personalities, and policies
a government that has rules that are believed to be
god based
eigth amendment
No excessive bailss (crime and ability to pay)or fines (crime) No cruel or unsual punishments (too severe for crime)
what court is responsible for traffic fines?
muicipial court
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
United States Flag
Symbol of our country's history and beliefs. 13 stripes and 50 stars. Stripes stand for original colonies and stars represent states.
house has reps based on
the population of the state
The government only has the power that the people allow it to have
Limited Government
formal authority
The right to exercise power that is vested in a governmental office.
what is true of committees?
they don't have much power
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
President Pro Tempore
the member of the United States senate, of the upper house of a State's legislature, chosen to preside in the absence of the president of the Senate.
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
Stamp Act Congress
Meeting of representatives of nine of the thirteen colonies held in New York City in 1765, during which representatives drafted a document to send to the king listing how their rights had been violated.
Stamp Act
A Brit act of 1765 that required that revenue stamps be placed on all printed matter and legal documents.
Culture of poverty
The view that people in the lower class of society form a separate culture with its own values and norms that are in conflict with those of conventional society.
commission manager
a form of city government that has not been tried in texas
50. Quid Pro Quo
- something given with the expectation of receiving something in return
Chief of Party
term for the president as the leader of his or her political party
Petition of Rights
limited the king's power in many ways. It challenged the divine rights of the kings, saying that even a monarch has to obey the laws of the land.
Writ of habeas corpus
Court order that a prisoner be brought before the court and that the detaining officer show cause why the prisoner should not be released; designed to prevent illegal arrests and unlawful imprisonments
Sovereignty within a Country
There is a seperation of power and each branch of government respects the function of the other branches
Which of the following congressional procedures is dependent on partisanship?
committee assignments and the election of speaker of the house
help stimulate interest in public affairs
A positive aspect of interest groups is that they
determinants of shifts in supply
change in the cost of factors of productions; change in technology; change in profit opportunities producing other products; change in producers price expectations; change of number of sellers in the market
Why did the Framers include the Necessary and Proper Clause in the Constitution?
to empower Congress to pass laws needed to carry out the expressed powers
regents of the university of ca v bakke
a 1978 supreme court decision holding that a state university could not admit less wualified individuals soley because of their race.
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