Govt Final exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
congressional laws called?
transportation of public school students from areas where they live to schools in other areas to eliminate school segregation based on residential patterns
Communication with legislators or other government officials on behalf of an interest group or a corporation for the purpose of influencing the decision-making process
Lifestyle Effect
phenomenon of certain attitudes occuring at certain chronological ages
entitlement program
programs such as unemployment insurance, disaster relief, or disability payments that provide benefits to all eligible citizens
the philosophy that governemnt should keep its hands off the economy
politicians add something to the ballot for voters
the body of government that makes laws
a joing of several groups of land
rule-making process
the formal process for making regulations
Civil Liberties
fundamental rights and freedoms that the federal govt cannot abridge either through judicial interpretation, by law, or by the Constitution
Political Socialization
The learning process through which most people acquire their political attitudes, opinions, beliefs , and knowledge.
The federal officers who make arrests secure jurors and serve legal papers are ___________
news management
the effort of politician's staff to control news about the politician
executive order
rules that have the force of law
collective security
to keep international peace and order after WWII
social services
programs for low income & senior citizens; biggest expenditure
Protest Referendum
overturning laws. ex: Prop 72 (health care coverage)
Direct Primary
an intraparty election in which the voters select the canidates who will run on a part's ticket in the subsequent general election
international criminal court
The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Form of government in which power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite group.
judicial review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
judicial power
the power to interpret laws and judge whether a law has been broken
a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch. supreme power or sovereignty held by a single person.
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower courts
First Continential Congress
(1774) -56 delegates from every colony except Georgia
-intentions were to come up w a compromise
-colonial rights of petition and assembly
-trial by peers
-freedom from standing army
-selection of rep. concils to levy taxes
progressive taxes
A tax that takes a larger percentage from the income of high-income people than it does from low-income people.
The _________ is called the high court because it is the last court in which federal questions can be decided
supreme court
legal tender
any kind of money that a creditor must by law accept in payment for debts
chief administrator
term for the president as head of the administration of the federal government
first reading
the act of introducing a bill and its assignment to a standing committee
Comparisons of the Establishment and Free Exercise Clauses
both seperate or define the relationship btwn state and religion, provide americans w/religious liberties, provide americans personal choices, and both state that govt should remain neutral towards religion
define ex post facto law
law passed after the fact thereby making previously legal activity illegal and subject to current penalty; prohibited by the US Constitution
Merit system are very Weber.
jobs are classified, jobs are in a hierocracy; based on impersonal exams; authority is specified
Tx House Insights Vid - what is the concern voiced by Lee at the beginning of ch1 (who introduces legislation)
The executive branch does alot that the legislative branch is supposed to - this means that the rule enforcers are also making the rules
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