Cinema Flashcards

Terms Definitions
émouvant
moving
actor
acteur
predecible
predictable
le scénario
script
ceritanya
The Story
une percee
breakthrough
Kenji Mizoguchi
...
le générique
credits
action (f)
δράση
il commediografo
playwright
la audiencia
audience
CARTOONS
Dibujos animados
membintangi
to star in
Consistency
maintaining a balance
CTO
Color temperature orange
le trucage
special effects
court métrage (m)
...
dispiacere
to be sorry
un film d'épouvante/d'horreur
horror movie
shingeki
films about everyday life
le mise en scene
direction
Jean-Luc Godard
break the digesis
la pedrería
precious stones, gems
un dessin animé
a cartoon
Dichotomy
division, often between two contradictory things or ideas.
Polecats
Spring-tension expandable poles, like a shower curtain rod.
se débarrasser
to get rid of
can there be many diasporas?
yes
un bureau de location
ticket booth
myth
american culture listens to country music, smoke marlboros, wears wrangler jeans and drive certain types of cars, fast food at roys
frank capra
-United States film maker (1897-1991)
-, Hollywood movie director who produced powerful propaganda movies for the U.S. war effort in WWII
-, A brilliant Italian-born director, he contrasted the decency of small-town America and the common man with what he considered the grasping opportunism of the city and the greedy capitalist marketplace. His two works, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, glorifies average people being giving tons of money or power and refusing it to be an average good person again, and not corrupt.
UFA
organized by the German government, the banking and manufacturing industries to support prowar films and to control film industry
Specular
Reflects and maintains the hard quality of the source, much like a mirror
R=C/O
Compression ratios for a specific format are expressed as the size of the compressed data to the original size of the digital information.
desvelar
to reveal, disclose; to keep...awake, to stop...from sleeping
true
The opening sequence in Hitchcock's Rear Window works, because viewers make associations of meaning between adjacent shots
Fast motion
the opposite of slow motion
Columbia pictures
reputation for witty and urbane screenwriting; served as home base for much of the screwball comedy talent in Hollywood
Ferdinand Zecca
the director-general of Pathe's huge studios at Vincennes; specialized in story films; usually shot outdoors and occasionally panned the camera
Star system
method of creating, promoting and exploiting movie stars in Classical Hollywood cinema. Studios would select promising young actors and glamorise and create personas for them, often inventing new names and even new backgrounds
temporal continuity
duration is in complete continuity (plot time=story time) or elided (story time=greater than plot time)
cinema verite
"truthful cinema"; a style of documentary filmmaking, combining naturalistic techniques with stylized cinematic devices of editing and camerawork, staged set-ups, and the use of the camera to provoke subjects. It is also known for taking a provocative stance toward its topics. Cinéma vérité can involve stylized set-ups and the interaction between the filmmaker and the subject, even to the point of provocation. Some argue that the obvious presence of the filmmaker and camera was seen by most cinéma vérité filmmakers as the best way to reveal the truth in cinema. The camera is always acknowledged, for it performs the raw act of filming real objects, people, and events in a confrontational way. The filmmaker's intention was to represent the truth in what he or she was seeing as objectively as possible, freeing people from any deceptions in how those aspects of life were formerly presented to them. From this perspective, the filmmaker should be the catalyst of a situation.
release
(n) when someone is officially allowed to go free, after being kept somewhere
Montage
a quick succession of images or impressions used to express an idea
critic
a person who judges, evaluates, or criticizes:
spaghetti Westerns
Italian westerns. one of the three exploitation genres in italy after neorealism.
Frames
-in a film strip: a series of individual still photographs that the motion-picture camera imprints on at a time.
-The succession of frames recorded in the camera, when projected at the same or similar speed, creates the illusion of continuous motion essential to the cinema
8 1/2
-comic film
- director cannot figure out what his movie is bout is making a movie about a director that cannot find his way-- turmoil of a director that cannot find his way
- taped to Fellini's camera during filming
-same story line as the modern musical NINE
Artificial light
Any light source that generates light through electricity
auteur theory
holds that a director's film reflects the director's personal creative vision, as if he or she were the primary "auteur" (the French word for "author"). In spite of—and sometimes even because of—the production of the film as part of an industrial process, the author's creative voice is distinct enough to shine through all kinds of studio interference. In some cases, film producers are considered to exert a similar "auteur" influence on films they have produced. Auteur theory has influenced film criticism since 1954, when it was advocated by film director and critic François Truffaut. "Auteurism" is the use of auteur theory to analyze films or to understand the characteristics that identify the director as auteur. Both the auteur theory and the auteurism method of film analysis are frequently associated with the French New Wave and the film critics who wrote for the influential French film review periodical Cahiers du Cinéma.
aborder le thème de
to tackle the topic of
el escalafón (subir un puesto en el escalafón)
rankings
false
The violence in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid was represented in a very traditional fashion in line with most other westerns.
Cross cut
Editing that alternates shots of two or more lines of action occurring in different places
story department
housed readers, whose job it was to pore through recent books, magazines, and newspaper in search of story ideas.
William Kennedy Laurie Dickson
was Thomas Alva Edison's laboratory assistant in developing a motion- picture camera for providing a visual accompaniment for his vastly successful phonograph.
IMPORTANT BECAUSE: "Invented" the fist motion-picture camera in a brilliant synthesis of already existing principles and techniques that he had learned from studying the work of Muybridge, Marey, and others
shot/reverse shot
Two or more shots edited together that alternate characters, typically in a conversation situation. In continuity editing, characters in one framing usually look left, in the other framing, right.
box office
(n)the place in a theatre, cinema etc where tickets are sold
Absolute (Avant-garde)
Film that exists for its own aesthetic sake
Persistence of Vision
motion picture does not really move due to an optical phenomenon
Low-angle shot
in cinematography it is a shot from a camera positioned low on the vertical axis, often at knee height, looking up
casual minimalism
a fiction movie need not to have a traditional goal-driven plot to be considered narrative.
how is heteronormality asserted in Bend It
depicting lesbianism as a misunderstanding with comic repercussions
la película es fiel al libro
the film sticks to the book
all of the above
Chaos was created in City of God through what design element?
they start to rob banks
In Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, when the outlaws arrive in Bolivia, the colors in the film are desaturated to show us how depressed and hopeless the location is. But the outlaws find "life" there and the images change to more colorful and vibrant after what starts to happen?
Mention four key aspects of the french new wave
Use of portable, handheld cameras; shot quickly with a small crew; Most of the French new wave directors started out as film critics; Unconventional stories told in radical, bold styles for a young audience; "Auteur theory"- directors were considered as authors of their films, the creative equivalent of painters and novelists
what is a spliced plot? how does the title of Chunking Express reflect his?
two separate stories linked via common character(s), motif, or spatial continuity. Chunking mansion is where the first part took place, midnight Express is where the second part took place
l'anteprima
preview
parfois
sometimes
l'attore
actor
projeter
to project
musiknya
the music
decaler
put back/delay
un abonnement
subscription
le tournage
shooting
producteur (m)
...
il ruolo
role
la jungla
jungle
John Ford
Apache--dust
un feuilleteon
soap opera
Heightened( intense)
increased intensity
un drame
a drama
un film d'horreur
horror
film d'horreur (m)
...
il premio
prize, award
spesial efeknya
the special effects
Zoopraxiscope
-invented by Eadweard Muybridge
-showed his horse and hooves demonstration in 1879
-called a "magic lantern"
-projected colored, hand-drawn images
le metteur en scène
director
Psycho (1960)
hitchcock, feminist theory
reseñas de cine
movie review
un danseur
a dancer (m)
Touch of Evil
-Orson Welles, 1958
la mise en scène
the directing
Willard Mass
geography of the body
Documentary
Film that records actual events
tourner un film
to make a film
projeter un film
to show a film
Actualities
Lumiere short films with higher documentary content that Edison's; "documentary views"
Intercutting
alternate (scenes or shots) with contrasting scenes or shots to make one composite scene in a film.
Video knee
Signal compression adjustment similar to black stregch, but for the brightest areas in the frame
employer une technique
to employ a technique
dar a luz
bring to light, reveal
horror
an overwhelming and painful feeling caused by something frightfully shocking, terrifying, or revolting; a shuddering fear:
modernism
rebel against common view of dominate representation of classical, romantic, and realist forms.
Kinetoscope
-box-like peep-show machine in which a continuous 40-50 ft. film loop ran on spools between an electric lamp and a shutter.
-Edison commissioned Dickson to perfect small viewing machine he had already designed for private use in the laboratory
- Dickson attempted to design both viewer and camera so that sound and image could be synchronized and recorded simultaneously (this was impossible)
- 4/14/1894: the first kinetoscope parlor was opened
Peter Mark Rogêt
British physician, natural theologian and lexicographer. He is best known for publishing, in 1852, the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Roget's Thesaurus), a classified collection of related word
Backlight
Light that separates the subject from the background by positioning a somewhat lower intensity light behind the subject
fade in/out
gradual transition from black to image/reverse
Extras
performers that have no lines or important actions in a film
cross cutting
An alteration between two separate actions that are related by theme, mood, or plot but occur at the same time
Wavelength
length of one cycle, from peak to peak
Poetic realism
cinematic style that emerged in the 1930s in France. Involves stories about working class lives told in moody, melancholy tones and emphasizing beauty of ordinary people and places.
Harold Lloyd
- American film actor and producer, most famous for his silent comedies.
-(April 20, 1893 - March 8, 1971)
-His films frequently contained "thrill sequences" of extended chase scenes and daredevil physical feats, for which he is best remembered today
-Although Lloyd's individual films were not as commercially successful as Charlie Chaplin's on average, he was far more prolific (releasing twelve feature films in the 1920s while Chaplin released just three), and made more money overall ($15.7 million to Chaplin's $10.5 million).
John Huston
-was in India scouting locations for "The Man Who Would Be King" saw footage and convinced MOMA to provide more funding to "work of great filmmakers"
Available light
Using light that ordinarily exists in any given location
kabuki, noh
KABUKI- a highly stylized and somewhat overwrought dramatic for deriving from the Feudal Tokugawa period (1603-1868). Stylized conventions of kabuki became the mainstream conventions of Japanese narrative film. NOH- it evolved from various popular, folk and aristocratic art forms. It is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since the 14th century. Many characters are masked, with men playing male and female roles. The emphasis is on tradition rather than innovation.
emotion
(n) a strong human feeling such as love, hate, or anger
mero (adj)
el mero hecho de
mere
the mere fact of
fantasy
This mode of screen reality is most closely associated with technological advancements in film
Implicit meaning
the realm of interpretation and more abstract; isn't directly reference in a film or scene but strongly suggested
Tight framing
refers to close up shots in which there is little of the larger context of a person or thing visible in the frame.
Fritz Lang
created some of the most memorable and important German films of the silent era. Metropolis, M
Cookie
Metal or foam core that has shapes cut into it to create patterns on a wall, floor or other surface
Read through
reading of the script by the actors, with all principal creative people in attendance
differential focus/ rack
main object stays clear while the remainder of the scene blurs out of focus
Example of Narrative film
ET-- symbolizes the innocence and beauty of childhood
William Kennedy Laurie Dickinson
young lab assistant that helped Edison develop a motion picture camera
Reflector shell
The lamp in a soft light reflects off of this
Name two films by Francois Truffaut
Fahrenheit 451; Jules and Jim
Ingmar Bergman Trilogy starting with The Seventh Seal
The Seventh Seal
Wild Strawberries
The Virgin Spring
What form of symbolism is portrayed in the beginning of the film?
Black and white puppies together
Third World Cinema: themes and challenges
was widely recognized as one of the most important and innovative movements in conemporary filmmaking. This term covers a wide range of films produced on 3 continents, in countries that have long histories of exploitation and colonial oppression by Western powers. Third World cinema countries tend to have several common characteristics that identify them as parts of a coherent international movement. 1. 3rd world filmmakers use cinema as a compelling means of mass persuasion, cultural consolidation and consciousness raising. 2. 3rd World filmmakers often operate from an independent production base outside their countries' established film industries. 3. 3rd World cinema rejects conventional narrative syntax of Hollywood and other Western filmindustries in an effort to extend limits
going to lester in the shower to carolyn clipping a rose
The theme of emasculation was supported in American Beauty through
What are the two main confusions relating to the title and the authorship of "Bicycle Thieves"?
The title is unclear if it's one thief or multiple thieves. In Britian and Italy it was multiple, but in france and the US it's just one.
Also, some people consider Zavattini a director because he shaped a lot of the film through his screenwriting, while some don't. In reality, De Sica was the only actual director
menakutkan
frightening
suspense
suspense
COMEDY
...
le western
western
aktingnya
the acting
el guión
script
doubler
to dub
les sous-titres
subtitles
réalisateur (m)
...
il sipario
curtain
el caparazón
shell
un arrondisement
district
Unforgiven writer
David Peoples
Intolerance
1916; D.W. Griffith
le décor
the set
un cinéma
movie theater
la striscia
comic strip
WESTER
Película del oeste
un file d'esponnage
spy film
George Eastman
-American entrepreneur (1854-1932)
-1889: began to mass-produce and market celluloid roll film on eventually an international scale (helped enable invention of kinetograph, too)
un retour en arrière
flashback
formalist
structuralist, light and motion
convocar
to call; to organize
Vitascope
Edison's answer to projection (invention)
un gros plan
a close up
Man Ray
emak-bakia, live action, prisms
Fade
gradually ceasing to be visible
fare la fila
to stand in line
Syntax
the rules of logical, meaningful order.
"Cabiria"
-1914 silent film by Giovanni Pastrone
-Italian film
-Story of Hannibal (first great challenge to the Roman empire)
-Controversial due to political nature of subject matter (one of several films of the period that "helped resuscitate a distant history that legitimized Italy's past and inspired its dreams" and which "delivered the spirit for conquest that seemed to arrive from the distant past", thereby presaging the "political rituals of fascism" (wars of conquest, the Roman salute, parades and the fasces itself))
Mauritz Stiller
Finnish actor, screenwriter, and silent film director mostly active in sweeden
Stylized
Lighting approach designed to draw attention to the aesthetic by being excessive or exaggerated in ways that make it a thematic point
connaître par coeur
to know by heart
Un dramma / drammatico
drama / dramatic
c'est a ne pas manquer
don't miss it!
encoding
process by which information from a source is converted into symbols to be communicated.
Mise-en-scene
a term that describes the action, lighting, decor, and other elements within the shot itself as opposed to the effects created by cutting. Realists generally perfer the process of mise-en-scene to the more manipulative techniques of montage
Crosscutting
an editing technique most often used in films to establish action occurring at the same time in two different locations. In a cross-cut, the camera will cut away from one action to another action, which can suggest the simultaneity of these two actions but this is not always the case.
Specular reflector system
Highly polished, mirror-like surface to reflect light from the lamp.
extra
speaks no lines, person is in background or crowd
Location scouting
Deciding where you want to shoot
Long shot
Places the camera a considerable distance from the subject
Slate
used for two reasons: place a positive visual identification at the head of every take, and create a one frame easily identifiable moment
Cameo role
appearance of a well known performer in a very minor role.
Cinematography
based on the continuous motion that s created by "persistence of vision" and "phi phenomenon"
Integrated Modernist Concepts
Rashomon- forces audience to be engaged in film; question your own beliefs
Fill light
soft light positioned to fill the shadows created by the key light
les bons et les méchants
good and bad guys
setting
the place where something is or where something happens, and the general environment
name the city which is the production center for bollywood films
bombay/mumby
documentary poetics
This mode of screen reality utilizes reportage with interspersed fictional recreations and stylized editing
Wished to be a magician before discovering motion pictures. Father of fictional films
George Melies
Lap dissolve
a cross fade. The fading image remains on screen briefly while the new image appears.
Breaker box
Brings in raw power from the utility company. Circuits are rated in amps
Contact sheet
Simple list of who's involved in the project, what their role is, and their contact information
D.W. Griffith
Director of Birth of a Nation and Intolerance, he perfected the essential building blocks of modern film narrative quite early in cinematic history
Angle Shots
open up the range of possible comments on the subject being filmed
"A Corner In The Wheat"
-Film by D.W. Griffith (1909)
-had "serious is simplistically treated" social themes
Closing down (stopping down)
Reducing the size of the aperture (bigger numbers)
Bridging shot
one inserted in the editing of a scene to cover a brief break in continuity
split screen
2 shots on the screen at the same time but showing 2 different scenes
Buster Keaton (of the silent comics)
Houdini gave him his nickname.
• Old stone face: subtle leverages of expression contrasted on a nominal dead-pan.
• Resourceful inventor of mechanistic gags.
• 19 comedy shorts- the negatives of which are los- and a number of features, include sound films
• "The General, The navigator, Sherlock Jr.
• ex: "Cops": the quintessential chase film!
East European and Soviet film as barometers of political conditions
when the war ended, these countries were "liberated" by the Soviet army and found themselves once again occupied by a foreign, totalitarian power. Among the first acts of the new regimes was to nationalize the Eastern European film industries in order to use them, as the Nazis had, for the production of political propaganda. In Czechoslovakia and Poland, nationalization took place in conjunction with the establishment of state supported film schools, repeating the pattern of the Soviet Union just after its revolution. The thoroughness of the postwar nationalization meant that there would always be a close relationship between film and politics in Eastern Europe. During periods of liberlization, the cinema has become a vehicle for social criticism and ideological debate. For this reason, the cinema has always been one of the most important arts for the Eastern European intelligentsia. During the repressive postwar years, few Eastern European countries produced significant films. Most adopted official Soviet style "socialst realism" as decreed at the first Congress of the Soviet Writers Union.
changes brought by the arrival of digital film effects (CGI)
at first, CGI was used primarily for special effects, but filmmakers soon realized that it could be used for more mundane ways to achieve production economies by creating synthetic sets and props, erasing unwanted elements in principal photography, etc. CGI had become an important feature of nearly all films that relied on special effects and such films had become an industry mainstay.
Melies was main actor in both these films
The Conjurer and A trip to the Moon
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