Civil War Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
texas
confederate
Lee's Masterpiece
Chancellorsville
Peninsular Campaign-Month/State
June 1862/Virginia
expand
To enlarge, grow
infantry
soldiers on foot
Shiloh
Hornets nest, tactical draw
ironclad
without flaws or loopholes
Torpedo
Any underwater weapon that explodes
Civil war starter (conflict)
Three S's
Importunity
(n) persistent requests or demands
Scalawags
southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
Habeas Corpus
Lincoln suspends this, creates precedent for doing so in a war to take northern Confederacy supporters into jail
1st bull run
july 21st, 1861; virginia
Secession
withdrawing from membership in a group
Douglas
N Dem. candidate for 1856 election
Thaddeus Steven
leader of black Radical Republicans
Election of 1856
Buchannan v.s. Freemont
Freemont- believed slavery was spreading and needed to stop
Buchannan believed republican victory would lead to war
Free Soil Party
opposed expansion of slavery
braxton bragg
a conferate general whose principal action was as a commander in the western theater in the civil war
Monitor
march 1862, was north's 1st ironclad, steamed outnto meet the merrimac in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia
artillery
large, mounted guns, such as cannons and howitzers; members of the army who use such weapons
Overseer
Head slave who directs other slaves and makes sure they stay on task
Abraham Lincoln
1809-1865 Sixteenth President of the United States who led the country during the Civil War
Union
Represented the North in teh Civil War
robert e. lee
General of the Confederates (South)
Union general who brought "total war" to Georgia and South Carolina
Sherman
What was "total" war?
Destroying civilian property; destuction of crops, farms, houses, businesses, livestock, and railines.
(Carla Bought Lily`s Rainy Farm House)
radical republicans
led the opposition of president johnson
Clara Barton
nurse during Civil War. started American Red Cross.
What political party was established with the goal of stopping the expansion of slavery into the territories?
Free Soil
Forage
The search for food by soldiers often at the expense of farmers in the battle area
James Buchanan
Did not stop the confederacy from breaking away
Vicksburg
served as a supply port on the missippi
Anaconda Plan
three-part union strategy to win the Civil War
ulysses s. grant
Union military commander who won victories when others had failed and defeated Lee
54th Massachusetts Regiment
One of the first African-American regiments organized in the North.
what killed more soldiers than bullets during the war
prison camps
10 % plan
all southerners (expect high officals) pardoned- if they allege 2 union. once 10 % of voters take an oath and allege, state gov't allowed and recgonize legal authority. union's attempt at peace, but it doesn't pass.
John Wilkes Booth
the man who assassinated (murdered) Abraham Lincoln
Horace Greeley
editor of New York Tribune, America's most influential newspaper. opposition to slavery; ran against Grant
Battle of Antietam
In Maryland
Confeds divided and the Union decided to attack the army
McClellan decided not to attack at 4:00 and wait to do so in the morning (lost chance at ending the war)
Union victory: kept Britain and France from supporting the South
1) bloodiest day in American history
2) McClellen is demoted
two reasons people _________or left their homelands to live in other countries included________troubles and_______
emigrated
economic
poverty
black codes
laws limiting the rights of African Americans passed by Southern governments after the Civil War
abolitionist
a person opposed to slavery and in favor of ending it before the war
Jeb Stuart
replaced Stonewall when he was killed by accident by 1 of his own men @ battle of Chancellorsville
diverse economy
an economy that is based on many industries rather than just a few
Where were most of the railroads and recourses?
The North
Union Blockades
North hurt the South by closing port along the coastline so that south could no longer import goods from Europe.
54th Massachusetts Infantry
this regiment consisted of mostly free African Americans
Daniel Webster
called the Senate together to put a national unity above sectional loyalties; supported Clay
54th of Massachusetts
Regiment of Slaves with North, Horoic battle on FORT WAGNER SOUTH CAROLINA
uncle toms cabin
a book written by harriet beecher stowe
published in 1852;
point--> slavery is a huge moral struggle and not; just a political contest;
made real of slavery;
popular;
William t Sherman
general whose march to sea caused destruction to the south
Election of 1860
SP Lincoln anti-slave, South felt had no more chance through government
results of gettysburg
largest battle ever in the western hemisphere
last attempt to invade the north
no follow up by the union led to another 2 yrs of war
final hope for european recognition
confederacy was on the run for the rest of the war
an agreement in Congress to draw an imaginary line through the Louisiana Territory, allowing slavery south of the line and forbidding slavery north of the line
Missouri Compromise
Stonewall Jackson
"The key to my success was moving my forces quickly and attack with surprise"
Dred Scot
A slave who sued his owner but was turned down because he wasent a citizen but infact a slave.
What are the northern advantages during the civil war?
more money, railroads, people, factories to make weapons and supplies, farmland for food
Second Confiscation Act
1862 Act freeing all slaves of rebel owners
Samuel Mudd
What was the name of the doctor who set the broken ankle of Lincoln's assassin?
did not grow as quickly
during the railroad boom of 1850's, some small towns were bypassed and not served by the railroad. What was an effect of this?
What were the main crops in the Old South?
tobacco, rice, indigo
When the President of the United States vetoed the rechartering of the Bank of the United States in 1832, which of the following resulted?
A major economic depression happened.
Petersburg: Surrender of the Confederacy at Appomattox Courthouse, VA
125,000 Union troops closed in on 3 sides of Lee's 25,000 troops
Surrender- April 14, 1865
souths turmoil and African American soldiers
the south was spiraling into turmoil. This was because of the union blockade, Shermans campaign in Georgia, lack of Britains help, classes fighting, and because of the souths economy crashing. Also with 1000s of deserters deserting the army, 1000s going hungary, and 1000s fleeing to the union, that did not really help the south. While davis tried to hold his government together no state would cooperate so they enlisted slaves at the very end of the wawr. The south had not enlisted slaves before because they thought that they would rebel.
What did Sherman do at the March to the Sea?
Sherman burned and destroyed everything in his path - $100 million in damages to libraries, churches, schools, homes, crops, etc. on his way to Savannah, Georgia
Why didn't slavery occur more in the North
Northern farms were small and farmers couldn't afford slaves
why did the tide of the war turn slowly in favor of the north?
the North had more soldiers, more factories, and more railroads
South
agriculture
Missouri Compromise
1820
Thirteenth Amendment
abolished slavery
Vituperative
(adj) spoken abusively
richmond, Virginia
Confederate Capitol
Virginia
was the southern "ironclad"
Grant
USA leader at Vicksburg
Expansionism
literally this political philosophy advocates the expansion of a nation's holdings into a greater geographic area, although not necessarily through forcible means (for example, treaties or purchases of territories could be made). Best expressed by the concept of Manifest Destiny.
Gettysburg
Opposite of fredericksburg, turning point of war
Gettysburg Union Leader
George G Meade
Antietam
bloodiest day in American history
abolitionists
people who worked to end slavery
oscillation
act of swinging back and forth
Stonewall
was the nickname of Thomas Jackson
draft
requiring someone to join the military
income tax
a tax on people's earnings
Dred Scott
An enslaved man from Missouri
Underground Railroad
A secret cooperative network that aided fugitive slaves in reaching sanctuary in the free states or in Canada in the years before the abolition of slavery in the United States
rations
a fixed allowance of food, especially for soldiers during a war(hardtack salt pork)
Sergeant Rawlings
grave digger before joining the 54th
total number
21% young men died or hurt
what were the confederates looking for in gettysburg
shoes
Jefferson davis
an American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
ulysses Grant
Union military commander who won victories when others had failed and defeated Lee
May 1863- Who won at Vicksburg?
Union victory
Copperheads
During the Civil War, an antiwar northern Democrat
bayonet
a daggerlike weapon that is attached to the muzzle of a gun
A person that spoke out against slavery
abolitionist
Great Britain
European power the South hoped would join in the war against the North
emancipation proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
zero
the number of slaves freed by the emancipation proclamation
Southern advantages
knowledge of land, fighting to protect lifestyle, better trained soldiers,strong military leaders
Crittenden Compromise 1861
-last ditch effort to save Union
-propsed to extend Missouri Compromise line to Pacific Ocean
-Lincoln rejected; pointless
Andrew Johnson
became president after Lincoln; was a Southerner from Tenn.
The gag rule
No talking about slavery in Congress
Belle Boyd
Most famous Confederate spy who was arrested six times
Confiscation acts
series of laws passed by federal government designed to liberate slaves in seceded states; authorized Union seizure of rebel property, and stated that all slaves who fought with Confederate military services were freed of further obligations to their masters; virtually emancipation act of all slaves in Confederacy
rifle
a shoulder firearm with a long barrel and a rifled bore
J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate soldier known for his BOLD raids of seeking out information about enemy positions. Fought at the Battle of Bull Run or Manassas, Fredericksburg, and commanded the army at Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war
Gold Rush
A movement of many people hurrying to the same area to look for gold
popular sovreignty
A system in which the residents vote to decide an issue
march to the sea
the campaign began with General Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 15, 1864, and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 22.
Attrition
the wearing down of one side by the other through exhaustion of soldiers and resources.
cotton duplomacy
this was the idea that great brittan would support the confederacy because it needed the souths raw cotton to supply its blooming textile ind.
George McClellan
General of the Union Army; fired by Lincoln for being too cautious
military/ radical republican reconstruction
republicans in congress prepared to take charge of reconstruction
What was Andersonville?
most famous Confederate prison camp in South. really poor conditions.
Who was responsible for the Seneca Falls convention.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Battle of Vicksburg
With a Union victory, the north now controlled the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in half.
Lincoln elected President
Last straw" event that led the South to secede
they recieve reinforcements
What does the Union do the 2nd day?
Henry Clay
He came up with a plan for compromise over slavery called the Compromise of 1850. He also came up with 5 laws that favored the North & some of the South.
Which battle was the turning point of the civil war?
The battle of Gettysburg
New York Draft Riots
July 1863 just after the Battle at Gettysburg. Mobs of Irish working-class men and women roamed the streets for four days until federal troops suppressed them. They loathed the idea of being drafted to fight a war on behalf of slaves who, once freed, would compete with them for jobs.
General Sherman
Led the march to the sea, on there way they burned houses stole jewleryand silver, destroyed crops and railroads, and would free all their slaves.
"The power to tax is the power to destroy" comes from
McCulloch v. Maryland
Fugitive Slave Act
a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
Key Events Leading to the Civil War: what happened in 1803?
the louisiana purchase. disagreement about slavery
What was the Indian Removal Act?
(1830): A law passed by Congress in order to facilitate the relocation of American Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands further west. It authorized President Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living within the boundaries of existing U.S. states. Resulted in the forcable movement of tens of thousands of native americans. The most well known was the Trail of Tears (1838), when 4,000 cherokees were killed during their forced relocation
what was shermans march to the sea
the army marched 40 miles to atlanta and destroyed everything in their path
What did lincoln speak about at his second inagural adress?
the reuniting of the nation and he expresses his compassion for the south
North
Industrial
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854
Conscription
Compulsory military service
Peremptorily
(adj) decisively; commandingly
Pemberton
CSA leader at Vicksburg
Abolishionists
believed slavery should end immediately
shenandoah campaign
sheridan's versious of atlanta
Seven Days battle union leader
McClellan
Tippet
short cape worn over the shoulders
wool
What material were the soldiers uniforms made of?
April 1861
Start of the Civil War
1945
What year does Vicksburg start celebrating the 4th of July after the Civil War?
cavalry
soldiers on horseback, they acted as scouts and went ahead to look around
Lee
overall comander of the South and surrendered at the end of the war
maryland battle where general lee lost his battle plans
antietam
54th massachusetts
first black regiment in the Union
1861-1865
The American Civil War was fought during these years. It began with the firing on Fort Sumter and ended with the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House almost four years later.
June-July 1863- Who won at Gettysburg?
Union victory
Ambrose Burnside
General who replaced McClellan. He resigned his command voluntarily after his failure at the battle of Fredericksburg
haversack
a soldiers bag for rations, extra clothing,ect
The Confederates were known by this nickname.
Rebels
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
a skilled Confederate general from Virginia
Compromise of 1850
-CA wanted free
-problem: would upset balance in Congress
-south feared free states would be made from Mexican Cession
-Clay and Douglas
1. CA free
2. Mex Cession pop sovereignty deciding slavery
3. slave trade banned in DC
4. Strict fugitive slave law passed
Fort Sumter
South attacked the Union fort; war begins here
Zachary Taylor
2000 regular troops on Rio Grande, April 25, 1846, ambushed
Sherman's March
General Sherman lead a force from Chattanooga, Tennessee to South Carolina destroying everything the Confederates could use to survive. He set fire to South Carolina's capital, Columbia.
blockade runner
A ship that passes through a blockade.
What type of COATS did the northern troops wear?
Blue Coats
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
seven days battle
a series of attacks on McClellan's army led by Lee
pickett's charge
a failed conf. attack during the civil war
led by general george pickett at the battle of gettesburg
strategy
the art of milatary coomand as to an overall plan of war. how to deploy troops and where to deploy troops are components of strategic planning.
rutherford b. hayes
republican governor of ohio, vowed to fight dishonesty in government
How did the Comprimise of 1850 settle the question of slavery in the territories the US acquired from the war with Mexico?
popular sovereignty
State's Rights
the right of states to limit the power of the federal government
John C. Fremont
Who do the Republicans nominate in the election of 1856?
Battle of Chancellorsville
The Union was defeated again with the Confederacy being led by Robert E. Lee. General Thomas Stonewall Jackson was accidentally wounded here by one of his own men.
Homestead Act
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
Tarrif of Abominations
A heavy tax on importers designed to boost American manufacturing. It helped the North but not the South because they had to pay higher taxes for their manufactured goods.
Robert E Lee
US army collinol who saved up his post to become commander of the Confederate Army in the Civil War
Siege of Vicksburg
a Union victory in the Civil War thsat enabled that enabled the Union to control the entire Mississippi River
Appomattox Courthouse
Were Lee and Grant met on April 9 to set the terms of surrender
The formation of political parties can be traced to the different philosophies and viewpoints of
Thomas Jefferson an Alexander Hamilton
What was the Southern Economy based on and its backbone? What were their main commodities?
agriculture; cotton, tobacco, sugar, rice
Why was the battle of Antitam important?
It was the Confederacys attempt to gain European suport and give VA a break from war on its soil.
What happened as a result of this election?
S.C. seeded from the Union and eventually 10 other states would join them
How did lincoln express his compassion for the south?
he asked for a malice toward mone and charity for all, he implored the nation to bind up the nations wounds
emancipate
freeing
1820
Missouri Compromise
Confederacy Capital
Richmond, Virginia
Suffrage
The right to vote
SCLC
southern Christian leadership conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the civil rights movement, led by mlk jr., was a success
intolerant
to be impatient with others
Border states
Missouri, Kentucky. Maryland, Delaware
Fredericksburg
General Ambrose Burnside replaced McClellan and he attacked Lee in 1862 here while suffering immense losses (more than 2 soldiers on Union side killed for every one Confederate)
the side of a military line
flank
eddies
circular current of water and air
Secede
withdraw from an organization or communion (to leave)
1864
lincoln probably wonted be elected unless he gets a major military victory. democrats choose mcclellan.
flanks
sides; sides of a military formation
chloroform
compound of carbon hydrogen and chlorine, colorless nonflamable, liquid
reinforcements
additional troops held back from battle until they are needed to support and strenghten the units already in the battle
15th Ammendment
Prohibits the government from denying a citizen the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude.
devastated
overwhelmed; to bring to ruin or desolation by violent action
Robert Smalls
an African-American sailor and Union naval captain who became a Congressman after the war
Confidence
Full trust; belief in the powers, trustworthiness, or reliability of a person or thing
contraband
goods prohibited by law from being imported/exported (modern-day drugs)
Abolitionist Movement
the movement concentrated on ending slavery in the U.S
Fifteenth amendment.
Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote
resolve
a resolution, decision or promise to do something
Nicknamed the "bloodhound law". Declared that runaway slaves needed to be returned to their mastes
Fugitive Slave Law
14th Amendment
amendment granting citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves
the condition of being joined together or combined
union
Wilmer McLean
This man owned the Appomattox Court House, (where the Civil War ended), and also the house at Manassas Junction, (where the Civil War began)
Sally Tompkins
set up a hospital in Richmond, Virginia
blockade
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
North's strategy
divide and conquer into three parts (control the Mississippi River)
blockade Southern ports
defend Washington, DC
capture Confederate capital of Richmond
cotton gin
invented by Eli Whitney; helped South; expanded slavery
What states that allowed slavery bordered PA?
Maryland, Delaware, Virginia
Petersburg
June 5 1864-April 3 1865 Union win, Siege cut off richmond
Election of 1848
Parties → avoid divisive questions; Democrat nomination = Governor Lewis Cass (MI) - expansionist, sympathetic to South and did not care about slavery; Whigs = General Zachary Taylor (hero of Battle of Buena Vista) - soldier, sugar planter (LA), 300 salves, not voted for years, war record key to winning, no party platform
Martial Law
Rule by the army not he Government
Ending Slavery
As a result of the Emancipation Proclamation what became a major goal of the war?
70
The north had __% of the nations railroad lines
What man said, "All men are created equal"?
Thomas Jefferson
Gettysburg Address
Two minute speech given by Lincoln in November, 1863 to honor dead and reaffirm Declaration of Independence ideals and beliefs.
What happened on April 9, 1865?
Lee surrenders to Grant
border state
a slave state that remained in the Union during the Civil War (Maryland, Delaware, Missouri, Kentucky, and West Virginia)
first major battle, which was attended by spectators and led to nickname of "Stonewall" Jackson
Bull Run, Manassas
battle of Fredericksburg
Ambrose Burnside led the Union toward Richmond and marched into waiting Confederate troops who shot them down as they marched. Horrible defeat for the Union.
how did the compromise of 1850 settle the question of slavery in the territories the US acquired from the war with mexico
popular sovereignty
2 Battles that occurred on the same day
Gettysburg and Richmond
panic of 1873
The Panic of 1873, which began in spring 1873, was the most severe economic depression the US had yet experienced. In the North, unemployment rose sharply, wages for manufacturing laborers dropped by fifty percent, and labor strife and union strikes made headlines. In the Midwest, the price of wheat had dropped from two dollars/barrel to fifty cents/barrel, devastating farmers. Because of this economic strife, the political issues of most import to the nation at large shifted dramatically. The suffering people of the North and Midwest cared about issues like tariffs, currency, unemployment, railroad subsidies, not the prolonged Reconstruction effort in the South. Thus, Democrats made great political gains in the midterm elections of '74, destroying the Republican Party's chokehold on political control, and ushering in the "redemption" of the Southern states.
What were some advantages the Confederacy had during the war?
home field advantage
better trained military officers
better horsemen
July 1862- Who won The Seven days battle
the Union won
Formation of the Republican Party
created to oppose slavery during the time of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
battle of "Bull Run"
1st major battle, proved war was going to be long and costly
reaction in the South to Lincoln's call for troops
4 other states seceded, especially Virginia
What was the problem with the Anaconda Plan
It would take a long time
Who takes momentum away from McClellan for his peninsula campaign?
Stonewall Jackson with his raids in Shenandoah, drawing troops away from McClellan
What was a stunning American victory against the British?
Battle of New Orleans, in where the Americans destroy the British Army.
Hoow did America gain parts of the Oregon Territory?
As a result of the War of 1812
Background
in vain
for nothing
1865
Lincoln's second inaugural
Similar to Sherman's march
Shenandoah
Ft. Sumter-Month/State
April 1861/ South Carolina
July 1863, Union:Meade, Confederate: Lee, Confederacy looking for shoes, 51,000 casualties, Picketts charge, turning point of the war, and Confederacy no longer on offensive.
Gettysburg
Economy of North Pre-Civil War
Manufacturing
unverifiable
information that can not be proved
carpetbagger
insulting nickname for a Northerner who went South after the Civil War
Manufactoring
the basis of the north's economy
who was president of the union
lincoln
Emancipation Proclomation
President Abraham Lincoln declared that slaves in the Confederacy were free
Sheridan's Destruction of the Shenadoah Valley
Fall 1864
Sharecropping
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
subarb
a smaller community that surrounds the city (Jenks, Union)
David F. Farragut
Commander of the Union navy
ironclads
Wooden ships with metal armor that were employed by both sides during the Civil War.
13th Amendment
This amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners. It legally forbade slavery in the United States.
European Intervention
Britain was officially neutral. The Confederate strategy for winning was based largely on British and French military intervention, which never happened.
The British did supply things such as blockade runners to still receive goods from the South, but it only cause tensions.
Freedman's Bureau
government program giving food & shelter (40 acres land & mule) to former slaves to get them on their feet
Arlington
What did Lee name his Virgina Plantation that became a cemetary for Union soldiers?
3
The Civil War cost the Confederacy $__ million.
Johnson's impeachment
Accused of breaking the Tenure of Office Act (1867), fired Stanton. House voted to impeach (Spring 1868) in May of the same year the vote is one short of the necessary to be remove from office.
high ground
control of the _____ _______ made Union victory at Gettysburg possible
confredacy
the group of eleven states that left the union also called confederate states of america
Jeffeson Davis
choosen to be president by the confederate states of america. he was a dignified and austere recent memeber of the US Senate from Mississippi
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator; warned the South would secede.
Brigham Young
new leader after Smith killed, took them across Iowa
Fort Wagner
54th of Massachusetts leads it. Union loses fort. Major battle.
fourteenth amendment
made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country
September 1862- Who won at Antietam?
the Union won
code
a set of laws (slave code in the southern states)
Battle of Antienam took place in . . .?
Marylad
George B. McClellan
Union General who was to attack Richmond, Virginia but hesitated and the confederates had reinforcements. In charge of the Eastern Theater. Relieved of duty twice by Lincoln.
confederate advantages
home field, no real cities to capture and military leadership
Uysses S Grant
1822-1885 Led the Union Army during the Civil War and later became the 18th President of the United States
Don Carlos Buell
the union general who stopped the confederate attack at Perryville, Kentucky
William T. Sherman
general whose march to sea caused destruction to the south
The key southern port captured by The Union Navy was
New Orleans
The Merrimac was an ironclad ship. It was also known as the __________ .
Virginia
Recruit
A person who has just signed up to be a soldier
54th Massachusettes Regiment
one of the most famous African units in the Union army. On July 18, 1863, the 54th led an attack on Ft. Wagner near Charlestown, S.C.
Appomattox Court House
place in Virginia where Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered, ending the Civil War in April of 1865.
The Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan was a plan designed by Winfield Scott to block all the ports of the South.
Slave revolts and resistance
Revolt always a constant fear for slave owners
Passive Resistance: stealing, doing work slowly, pretending not to understand,
Hostile Resistance: killing overseers, burning buildings, violence, running away
Zachary Taylor (12th President)
Mexican War hero; eleted in the Whig party but died after eating bad fruit and milk.
capturing the Confederate capitol
What did the North believe would bring a quick victory to end the Civil war?
What was the impact of Bull Run?
Both Sides lost great numbers.
Gae control of Mississippi River
How did taking Vicksburg effect the North?
Grant's "war of attrition" against Lee
fight until South had nothing left-no food, resources, or will to fight
Which of the following best characterizes the Missouri Compromise?
Slavery was excluded to all Us territories north of 36*30' while choise of freedom or slavery was given to those US territories south of this line.
Why was Clara Barton called the angel of the battlefield?
She provided food, medical supplies, and helped the wounded.
He was born in Kentucky. The family moved from there to Indiana and then to Illinois.
In what states did Abraham Lincoln's family live while he grew up?
why did thew us go to war with Mexico?
Mexico refused tho sell California to the US
Tulle
thin netting
#19
Underground Railroad
1856
Sumner vs. Brooks
chron
morpheme meaning "time"
Emancipation
freeing of the slaves
Tariffs
Taxes on imports or exports
slaves
union- lincoln considers freeing slaves, cabinet tells him 2 wait in2 success. border states want 2 join confd.confd=maintaing their slaves, but not as fighters.
proclamation
An official announcement, announcement or statement
What was the Union's ironclad called.
Monitor.
how many enslaved africans were imported into north america by european traders?
500000
US GRANT
UNION
PUTS SHERMAN IN COMMAND.
SHILO-ATTACK ON CORINTH
Popular Sovereignty
Residents vote to decide an issue
1859
John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia
what did breckenridge advocate for?
extension of slavery
William Sherman
Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war
Slavery
the condition of being owned by another person
abe lincoln
President during Civil war wrote emancipation Proclamation, freed slaves, etc.
Shiloh
Beauergard + Johnston attack Grant - Union retreats + Johnston dies - Buell joins Grant and it's a Union victory
confederacy
a secret agreement between two or more people to perform an unlawful act
John Pope
Union Commander at the Second Battle of Bull Run
penninsula
a body of land with water surrounding it on three sides.
Sectionalism
Devotion to one section of a country apposed to the whole.
Mary Chestnut
white, southern woman, kept diary, did not support secession or slavery, but did not speak out.
Harpers Ferry
Location of federal arsenal that John Brown raided to get guns to arm slaves
Election of 1864
Lincoln vs George McClellan. Lincoln won easily because Sherman had captured Atlanta.
side that invaded to help out their farmers, gain European support, and threaten the other capitol
.Confederacy
Home front
activities of the civilians during a state of total war
minie ball
bullet that shatters when contact is made
fourth argument
tyranny of majority
-you have more people in the north so you are setting rules for us controling us
Frederick Douglas
• A free slave who spoke against slavery in the North
the first state to seccede from the Union
Soth Carolina
Denmark vessey
free slave to plan largest revolt but failed
Realities/hardships of slavery
Statistics do not compare to feelings, families torn apart, people killed/abused, Barrow plantation, LA, 200 slaves - .7 per hand per years (once every 4 or 5 days some slave was whipped)
What were the main crops in the New South?
Cotton
December 20, 1860
South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860. They were the first to secede, soon to be followed by the six other Lower South states.
Causes of the Civil War
Disagreement over slavery, economy, states' rights
When did the Civil War start and when did it cease?
1861-1865
when did Sherman march to the sea end
December 21 1864
Conscription Act
all males of the CSA ages 18-35 (later 45, then 50) had to join the army, if one owned more than 20 slaves, they didn't need to join, 20% of the CSA army were draftees
The Massachussets 54th
First group of ex-slaves who joined to fight against the South
Henry Grady
(1886) "The New South": new era out of peace and prosperity
who was dred scott?
a slave who was carried into free territory, sued for freedom
what was the next step for the north
blockade the southern ports
2nd battle of bull run
Lee pushed most of the Union forces out of Virginia (after this, Lee decides to take war into the north)
Why did Lincoln speak at Gettysburg?
To tell the people that their sacrifice was not in vain
2 points to the Union plan to victory
1) Blockade South; cut off cotton/tobacco trade w/Europe so South can't earn money to pay for war
2) split the confederacy; win control of Mississippi River, cut of TX, Louisiana, & Arkansas
To stop inflation, boost the economy, and help pay for the war what did the North do?
Made a system of currency and income tax was establishes
what was Fredrick Douglas' role, & why did he think blacks should fight in the war?
he was a free slave, educational and he was a motivational speaker. he thought blacks should be treated as fair as everyone else cause all men are created equal
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