Classical Music in the 1930s 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Classical Era
1750-1825
Peer Gynt
Edvard Greig
pianissimo
performed very softly
Academic Festival Overture
Johannes Brahms
Opera Buffa
Italian Comic Opera
andante
moderately slow and even
Thomas Jefferson played what instrument?
Violin
time period of Classical Era
1750-1830
fortissimo
to be performed very loud
Vivaldi's music comes from what period?
Baroque
Mozart (1756-1791)
Born Salzburg, Wrote 41 Symphonies
symphos, string quarterts, piano concertos, operas
Johann Stamitz
(1717-1757)
From Italy, the symphony spread north to Germany, Austgria, France and England. Especially prominent was mannheim, where the elector Palatine's cort was one th the most active musical centers in Europe. Under the leadership of Bohemian composer Johann Stamitz, the Mannheim orchestra became internationally famous for its impeccable disciplin and technique, leading Charles Burney to call it an army of generals.
Stamitz was the first symphony composer to use consistently what would later become the standard plan: four movements, with a minuet and trio as the third moement, and a very fast finale, often marked Presto. He was also among the first to introduce a strongly contrasting and full blown theme after the moduation to the dominant in the first section of the allegro movement, a practice that liewise became standard.
alberti bass
Left-hand accompaniment figure in keyboard music consisting of broken triads, Bass is subordinated to the melody, Repeated arpeggiations based on the underlying harmony, Used frequently by Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
syllabic
(of chanting) having each syllable sung to one note only.
sonata
composition for one or two instruments, typically in three or four movements in contrasted forms
to what COMPOSING school did ruth seeger's teacher's belong?
modernist
Concerto
Has 3 movements consisting of music that contrasts with a band or orchestra. fast slow fast
Leitmotiv
a melodic phrase that accompanies the reappearance of a person or situation (as in Wagner's operas)
What instruments did Mozart play
violin and piano
Leit Motive
recurring programmatic units of music in Wagner's operas
Gross Fuga
Originally the finale to Beethoven's Op. 130 quartet in Bb, it is now played independently as a piece.
 
It goes far beyond any classical fugue. 
 
Its outer architecture a 2 part, very short overture followed by 5 main sections.
 
A long fugue in 4/4, a developmental section in 2/4, a 2nd developmental section in 6/8, a brief return of the 2/4, and extended return of 6/8, and then a modification of the original fugue but in a 6/8
Variation form
Also called \"Theme and Variations\"A A' A'' A''' A'''' A''''' A'''''' A''''''', etc.theme, variation 1, variation 2, variation 3, etc.A, A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8, etc
chromatic scale
a scale progressing entirely by semitones.
pizzicato
played by plucking the strings with the finger instead of using the bow, as on a violin
in what city did virgil thomson live for much of the 1920s and 1930s
paris
in what city did mark blitzstein begin his career
philadelphia
Meter
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time
What was Mozart known as?
the first child progidy
Mannheim Orchestra
From Italy, the symphony spread north to Germany, Austgria, France and England. Especially prominent was mannheim, where the elector Palatine's cort was one th the most active musical centers in Europe. Under the leadership of Bohemian composer Johann Stamitz, the Mannheim orchestra became internationally famous for its impeccable disciplin and technique, leading Charles Burney to call it an army of generals.
Stamitz was the first symphony composer to use consistently what would later become the standard plan: four movements, with a minuet and trio as the third moement, and a very fast finale, often marked Presto. He was also among the first to introduce a strongly contrasting and full blown theme after the moduation to the dominant in the first section of the allegro movement, a practice that liewise became standard.
fortepiano
Used to describe the keyboard of the 18th and early 19th c.
 
It supplanted the harpsichord and more intimate clavichord, and is the forerunner of the modern piano.
 
It permitted the layer to vary the dynamics from piano to forte via striking the keys more heavily.

CPE BAch's last 5 sets of keyboard sonatas were very likely written with the fortepiano in mind
sonata allegro principle
Exposition: first theme on tonic, secondary theme on the dominant or relative major and a closing theme on the tonic or dominant, Development: modulations and variations of the opening themes, Recapitulation: material of the exposition is restated in the original order in the tonic key, Coda: concluding section, form of single movement, three main sections, often appears in middle movements and finales, and in moderate and slow tempo
chanson
any of several types of song with French lyrics, occurring from the Middle Ages to the present in a variety of musical styles.
mezzo forte
somewhat softer than forte but louder than piano
an evangelical
To what other kind of rhetoric did George Stoney compare the effect of "The Plow that Broke the Plains"
Sturm und Drang means______
storm and stress (or urge, longing)
What bad thing happened to Beethovan's heathwise
He went deaf
Alberti bass
Devise in keyboard music named for the Italian composer by this name. The device borke each of the undrlying chords into a simple repeating pattern of short notes that priduced a discreet chordal background setting off the melody to advatnage.
exposition, development, and recapitulation.
Classical sonata-allegro form has been nicknamed the "fourth movement form" because it has been used as the fourth movement for so many symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and string quartets.
what does ocho por radio translate to in english? (this is my own question)
8 musicians broadcasting
what type of classical music was usually performed in the USA during 1930
masterpieces from the past
What is the sonata made of?
a solo instrument + piano
false recapitulation
A moment in sonata form in which the principal thematic materials returns, either too early, in the wrong key, or both.  
 
This "false" recapitulation is followed by the "real" recapitulation, thus placing the false recap in the development (usually near the end).
 
Examples of false recaps occur in the first movement of Beethoven's A minor string quartet and his Eroica Symphony 
call and response
style of singing in which a melody sung by one singer is responded to, echoed by one or more singers
from which 2 ethnic traditions did henry cowell draw material
near east and far east
What kind of a family was Mozart born into?
upper middle class
what 4 subjects did grant still study in college?
violin, cello, oboe, and composition
Minuet & Trio
An A-B-A form (A = minuet; B = trio) in a moderate triple meter; often the third movement of the Classical multimovement cycle.
how poor management and bad weather ruined the land and forced farmers west
What events does the narrator cover after the prelude of "The Plow that Broke the Plains"?
6 characters appearing in the scene 7 of "Cradle"
mike forman, moll the prostitute, and the four members of the liberty committee
in a concerto the third movement is most likely in
in a symphony the third movement is most likely in
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