Classical Mythology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Ares
Mars
elysian
elysian
Athena GN
Minerva
labyrinthine
extremely complicated
Odysseus
metis, nostos, homophrosyne
hermetic
complete and airtight.
Entheos
possession by a god.
Selene and Hecate
Both moon Goddesses
Thebes
The quintessential “tragic city”. The Bacchae, Oedipus the King, and Antigone all take place here. Founded by Cadmus.
Atemis S. W.
Diana. hammer. aphrodite
ambrosial
the food of the gods
Niobe
Amphion's wife; hubris against Leto caused Apollo and Artemis to kill her 7 sons and 7 daughters
Coronis
Daughter of Phlegyas and unfaithful beloved of Apollo and mother of Asclepius.
Aeschylus
A playwright and contemporary of Sophocles and Euripides. He wrote Prometheus Bound and the Orestia trilogy, detailing the death of Agamemnon and the revenge extracted by his son.
Eurycleia
She was Odysseus’ nurse who recognized him as she washed his feet due to the scar on his thigh. She identified the maids who had remained loyal to Penelope and which ones had consorted with the suitors.
Homophrosyne
the concept of charecteristics shared by two or more people. Most obvious with Penelope and Odysseus and even Telemachus to a lesser extent.
echolalia
repetition of sounds uttered by others
Fables are told for this purpose:
Instruction
Cumaean Sibyl
Prophetic priestess of Apollo and Aeneas guide in the underworld
Hippolytus
Follower of Artemis, Son of Theseus and Antiope; He rejected Aphrodite and the love of his stepmother-Phaedra and was killed
Hermes
The messenger god who warns Odysseus about Circe, and gives him the moly so he can overcome her. He also tells the nymph Calypso she must let Odysseus return home. He appears in the final book as a psychopomp leading the slain suitors into the underworld where they see the Trojan War heroes.
Euripides
A Greek playwright who wrote Medea, The Bacchae, Alcestis, and Hippolytus. His tragedies almost always came in second place to Sophocles in the City Dionysia.
Bromius
Another name for Bacchus, often used in Euripides’ Bacchae. It means Thunderer, signifying his link to Zeus.
Aeaea
The island where Circe lives, and where she turned Odysseus’ crew into pigs.
fauna
rural goddess and the sister of Faunus
Pentheus
King of Thebes, he banned the worship of Dionysus (his cousin) because he doubted his divine lineage. Lured into watching Maenads during a Bacchic frenzy and eventually pulled apart by his mother Agave.
Creon (Corinth)
The king of Corinth in Euripides’ Medea. He is the father of Glauce, Jason’s new wife. Medea kills him as well.
Artemis
In Hippolytus, she is the patron and friend of the main character. She sets things right with Theseus and his son, while promising to get revenge on Aphrodite.
Ajax
A Greek warrior at Troy, who Odysseus sees but does not talk to in the underworld. He is still angry that Odysseus won Achilles’ armor and he himself is possibly guilty of rape while at Troy.
Lotus-Eaters
People who eat the lotus lose all memory of home, instead focusing themselves entirely on staying on the island and eating the fruit. A few of Odysseus’ men do eat it.
Homer
The poet who composed the Odyssey and the Iliad. He was an oral artist.
Nostos
a homecoming, the central theme of the Odyssey
atlas
atlas- Greek god Atlas, who held up the pillars of the universe
These are stories of the great deeds of human heroes/heroines
Sagas
Orion
A hunter and lover who was turned into a constellation with his dog - Sirius.
Elpenor
He got drunk and fell to his death from Circe’s roof. Odysseus sees him in the Underworld and promises to return to the island to give him a proper burial.
Ino
In The Bacchae, she is an aunt of Pentheus and Bacchus. She helps Pentheus’ mother rip him apart in their frenzy.
Achilles
Hero of Troy. In the Odyssey he is seen in Hades wishing he was still alive.
Divine myths deal with . . . .
Deities, divine beings
The end of this kind of story brings a reversal of fortunes.
Folk Tales
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