Greek and Latin Medical Terms 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-aphia
touch
-cele
hernia, swelling
ED
erectile dysfunction
HPV
human papillomavirus
-ious
capable of, causing
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
PSA
prostate specific antigen
DRE
digital recal examination
AIDS
aquired immunodeficiency syndrome
orgasm
climax of sexual stimulation
spermatolysis
dissolution (destruction) of sperm
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
amenorrhea
absence of menstral discharge
endometriosis
abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity, including ovaries, uterine tubes, intestines & uterus
prostatorrhea
discharge from the prostate gland
orchidotomy, orchiotomy
incision into a testes
prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
orchioplasty
surgical repair of a testes
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
hydrosalpinx
water in the uterine tube
endometrium
inner lining of the uterus
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
TUIP
transurethral incision of the prostate
balanorrhea
discharge from the glans penis
testicular cancinoma
cancer of the testicle
colpitis, vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina
prostatocystitis
inflammation of the prostate gland & the bladder
orchiepididymitis
inflammation of the testes & epididymis
myometrium
muscular middle layer of the uterus
vasovasostomy
creation of artificial openings btw ducts (the severed ends of the vas deferens are reconnected in an attempt to restore fertility in men who have had a vasectomy)
areola
pigmented area around the breat nipple
adenomyosis
growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
prostate cancer
cancer of the prostate gland
puberty
period when 2ndary sex characteristics develop & the ability to reproduce sexually begins
vulvovaginitis
inflammation of the vulva & vagina
sterilization
process that renders an individual unable to produce offspring
prostatovesiculitis
inflammation of the prostate gland & seminal vesicles
gonorrhea
contageous, inflammatory STD caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system
fundus
rounded upper portion of the uterus
testosterone
principle male sex hormone. Function: to stimulate the development of the male reproductive organs & secondary sex characteristics such as facial hair
prostatovesiculectomy
excision of the prostate gland & seminal vesicles
transrectal ultrasound
an ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer. Sound waves sent/received by a transducer in the form of a probe in the rectum. Sound waves are then transformed into an image of the prostate gland
perimetrium
outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
prothesis
an artificial replacement of an absent body part (a penile prothesis may be implanted to treat erectile dysfunction if first-line therapies aren't effective
vasectomy
excision of a duct (partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization)
orchidopexy, orchiopexy
surgical fixation of a testicle (performed to bring undescended testicles into the scrotum)
aspermia
condition of without sperm (or semen, or ejaculation)
endocervicitis
inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
endometrial cancer
malignant tumor of the endometrium (also called uretine cancer)
Bartholin adenitis
inflammation of a Bartholin gland (also called bartholinitis)
cryptochidism
state of hidden testes (failure of testes to descend from the abdominal cavity into the scrotum before birth) also called 'undescended testicles'
penis
male sex organ of urination & copulation (sexual intercourse)
ovaries
pair of almond shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity. Egg cells are formed & stored in the ovaries
anorchism
state of absence of testes (unilateral or bilateral)
-esis, -ia, -iasis, -id, -ism, -ity, -osis, -tia, -tion, -y
condition, state
suprapubic prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone & through an incision into the bladder. Used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia & prostate cancer. Also called subapubic transvesical prostatectomy
seminiferous tubules
approx. 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs
artificial insemination
introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means
andropathy
disease of the male (specific to the male, such as testes)
testicular torsion
twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testes; often during puberty & with a sudden onset of severe testicular /scrotal pain. B/c of lack of blood flow to the testes, is often considered a surgical emergency
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland (nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland)
chlamydia
a STD, sometimes refered to as a silent STD bc many ppl are not aware that they have the disease. Symptoms: painful urination & discharge from the penis, or genital itching, vaginal discharge & bleeding btw periods. Causative agent: C. trachomatis
epididymis
coiled duct atop each of the testes that provides for storage, transit, & maturation of spermatozoa; continuous with the vas deferens
human papillomavirus
a prevelent STD causing benign or cancerous growths in male & female genitals (also called veneral warts)
prostate gland
encircles the upper end of the urethra. Secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm & ejaculation
scrotum
sac suspended on both sides of & just behind the penis. The testes are enclosed in the scrotum
glans penis
enlarged tip on the end of the penis
transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)
a treatment that eliminates excess tissue present in benign prostatic hyperplasia by using heat generated by microwave
sexually transmitted disease (STD)
diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, genital herpes that are transmitted during sexual contact (also called veneral disease and sexually transmitted infection (STI))
mammary glands, breasts
milk producing glands of the female. Each breast consists of 15-20 divisions or lobes
menometrorrhagia
rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstration ( and btw mentral cycles, increased amount)
radical prostatectomy (RP)
excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, sometimes pelvis lymph nodes. Performed by a retropubic or perineal approach, or laparoschopically. Used to treat prostate cancer
fibrocystic breast disease
a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast
homosexual
person who is attracted to a member of the same sex
transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP)
successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are rescted by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra. The capsule is left intact; usually performed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
disease that affects the body's immune system, transmitted by exchange of body fluid during the sexual act, reuse of contaminated needles, or receiving cont. blood transfusions (also called acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
erectile dysfunction
the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse (formerly called impotence)
vulva, or extended genitals
two pairs of lips (labia magor & minora) that suround the vagina
digital rectal examination (DRE)
a physical exam in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum & feels for size/shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall. Use: screen for BPH & prostate cancer (BPH--uniform nontender enlargement, cancer--stony, hard nodule
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. Infects T-helper cells of the immune system, allowing for opportunistic infections such as candidiasis, Pneumocystis jiroveci, pneumonia, TB, Kaposi Sarcoma
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary, -ic, -ical, -ory, -tic
related to, concerning, pertaining to
vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal duct
duct carrying the sperm from the epididymis to the urethra. The spermatic cord encloses each vas deferens with nerves, lymphatics, arteries, & veins. (The urethra also connects with the bladder & carries urine outside the body. A circular muscle constricts during intercourse to prevent urination)
/ 83
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online