Greek Art 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Laokoon
Hellenistic
Kuoros
Archaic. 600
Caryatid
female sculpture form
Amphora
2 handled vase
exekias
master of black-figure
kore
female archaic Greek statue
Lady of Auxerre
Orientalizing. 650
minoan-architecture
PALACES! -> (assymetrical/irregular plans, w/o fortification, on hillside, various levels) ephasis on horizonal'comfortable proportions'open plans'light airy rooms'lively expressive painted deco, less massive, capital was a pillow
Dying Gaul
Hellenistic, Pergamene style
mingling ideas between East and West
facial hair, matted hair, not standing, diagonal weight shift/line viewed as Barbarian, nude, emotional face
symposia
meetings for drinking and discussions
CANON
CARVED TO DEMONSTRATE PERFECT BODY
refers to Greek mainland
Helladic culture
tholos
an ancient Greek circular shrine
archaic-architecture
doric order temples; heavy/massive; limestone/marble
Minoan Pottery
linear patterns; naturalistic designs: fish, lillies; frescoes
what makes them greek
religion,language, and culture
architrave
the lowest part of an entablature
Amazonomachy
In Greek mythology, the legendary battle between the Greeks and Amazons.
RIACE WARRIOR
460-450BCE (EARLY AND HIGH CLASSICAL)
-NIPPLES/LIPS ARE COPPER
-EYELASHES/TEETH ARE SILVER
-EYEBROWS ARE BRONZE
-LOST WAX CASTING
-STILL HAD CORE INSIDE (BAD-CLAY ERODES)
-NO BRACES
Aphrodite of Knidos
Praxiteles. Late Classical. 350
Nike Temple
Callicratus
490- 330 BCE Acropolis, Athens, Greece
Classical or Hellenic Style
cornice
a projecting ledge over a wall
Spear Bearer, High Classical, Greece, Artist: polykleitos
stylobate
course of masonry forming the foundation for a colonnade
Kylix
Drinking cup of the ancient Greeks characterized by its wide, shallow bowl and pedestal stand.
Entablature
the upper story of a Greek temple
Obelisk
a stone pillar having a rectangular cross section tapering towards a pyramidal top
scraffito
scratching through layers of paint to get other color lines
Acropolis
"High city" , fortified hilltop city found in most ancient Greek cities
DYING WARRIOR
490-480 BC: (ARCHAIC)
-TEMPLE OF APHAIA, E. PEDIMENT
-Meant to be put in a pediment.
-emotionless
-STOIC
-BELIEVABLE PERSPECTIVE
Dying Gaul: Celebrates the victory of the Gauls while simultaneously eliciting an emotional response of _______
pity
2 materials used for buildings
1. marble
2. limestone
Elgin Marbles
Pieces of the Parthenon frieze that are now located at the British Museum.
raking cornice
a sloping element that slants above the horizontal cornice
Geometric
What is the Greek style of vase painting called?
Tectonic
A type of design that is manipulated to fit the shape of the object it decorates.
What was the severe style associated with?
funeral customs...contrapposto
Laptih versus centaur metope
Athens, Greece. High Classical. 447
frieze
the strip along the top used for decoration
4 Forms of Greek Art
sculpture, painting, poetry, pottery, jewelry
hellenistic sculpture different
made realistic, look young and stong, nude
Blinding of Polythemus
an orientalized vase showing part of the Odyssey (men blinding cyclops, animals fighting, skirted gorgons) with decorative cut outs in handels
The order, serenity, perfection and composure of classical art are replaced with madness, pain, and despair in which piece of art?
Agesander, Athenodorus, and Polydorus
4 parts of a column
1. capital
2. shaft
3. drum
4. fluting
Iktinos & Kallikrates Parthenon Greece Classical 450 BCE
Artist Title Location Period Date
dramatic narrative
To stage a scene as though in a theatre
The Three Fates: Elgin Marbles- High Classical
-From Parthanon
-figures are related to each other, leaning into each other, personal/physical connection
-clinging drapery reveals vuluptuous figures
-deep carving
-sit naturally withing pediment (contrast to medusa)
2 functions of Greek art:
1. Public = religious, atheletic & war victories are celebrated
2. private = decorative vases, mirrors & helmets
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