Greek Mythology 17 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
tantalize
tease
Eurymachus
suitor
Metis
"cleverness"
iris is
rainbow
Medea
Circe's niece
ascended
moved up
Pegasus
White-winged horse
Poseidon (symbol)
Trident, Horse
Vilify (v)
To defame
patricide
killing of parents
Erythia
Goddess of scarlet
Zeus's symbol
lightning bolt
Alcinous
King of Phaeacia
River of Fire
Phlegethon
Athena
goddess of wisdom
fourth labor
erymanthian boar
Cyclopes
sometimes attended Hephaistos
Melpomene
Muse of tragedy
RHEA
Mother of the Gods
posidon
god of the sea
Pythia
The oracle at Delphi
mulled
thought over; considered carefully
chiron
adopted father of achilles
hunter in the start
Orion
Hades
God of the underworld
Roman Name of Hestia
Vesta
Who is aeetes son?
Apsyrtus
Roman name for Aphrodite
Venus
Diana
Roman equivalence to Artemis
Pandora
First Beautiful Mortal Woman
Dionysys
The joyful god of wine
The Graces
Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia
hero
central character. possess noble qualitites such as self sacrifice,courage, wisdom.
Hephaestus
God of metal and fire
Aphrodite
godess of love and beauty
My Roman name is Juno
Hera
Symbol of Athena
olive tree, owl
Dionysus
God of grapes and wine
Hermes Argliphontes
"the killer of Argos"
Who made the first lyre?
Hermes
Demeter
goddess of agriculture; earth; corn
fell in love with him self
Narcissus
frescoes
paintings done on wet plaster walls
Apollo
God of music, light, prophecy, medicine, archery, and poetry
Arachne
Lydian princess, challenged Athena in weaving, turned into a spider
Gorgons
three hideous dragonish sisters that could change men to stone at a glance.
dialogue
conversation between two or more characters
110 feet high
Colossus of Rhodes height
Wistful
full of sad wishing or longing
Cassandra
One who prophesies doom or disaster.
iris
goddess of rainbow, messenger and cub-bearer for the gods
sorceress married to theseus' father who attempted to kill theseus
madea
arachnophobia
an abnormal fear of spiders
Example: Eugine fainted at the sight of the tarantula, because he had ______________.
Mt. Caucasus
Where Zeus had Prometheus bound
Whoose Symbol is a Laurel tree?
Apollo
Athena/Minerva
Goddess of wisdom, war, and weaving
nectar
the life-giving drink of the gods
Charon
boatman who ferried souls into the underworld
Andrew Lang
Published magazine articles making fun of Max Muller theories
Jason
hero who sought a golden fleece; husband of Medea
Hermes
The messenger god. Has winged sandles and an invisible helmet.
girls' tragedy
Danae, Perseu's mother was imprisoned by her father,
Crius
least known of the Titans, overthrown in the Titanomachy war
Theseus
Killer of the minotaur; son of poseidon
Asia Minor
the western Asian peninsula comprising most of modern-day Turkey, known to the Greeks as Anatolia.
Titans (General)
Huge, powerful and beautiful, first set of children from Gaea and Uranus
name the young man that aphrodite punished most severly of all?
hippolytus
exile
forced abcents from ones country or home
Icarus
son of daedalus, attempted to escape crete from wings his father constructed for him. ignored instructions to not flly too close to the sun
Gaea
Mother Earth, mother of all living things
Field of Asphodel
Where did the dead go>
Atlas
(Greek mythology) a Titan who was forced by Zeus to bear the sky on his shoulders
Who is ordered to find his sister?
Cadmus
Satyrs
half man, half goat creatures, ugly and mischievous, chase nymphs around
Boeotia
"Cow-land"; a region of Greece, just north of Athens, of which Thebes was the principal city
zeus
the supreme deity of the ancient Greeks, a son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia, and Poseidon, and father of a number of gods, demigods, and mortals; the god of the heavens, identified by the Romans with Jupiter.
griffin
a fabled monster, usually having the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion
Prometheus
a Titan who taught humans various arts, said to have shaped humans out of clay and who stole fire from Olympus for humans in defiance of Zeus
Achilles
the greatest Greek warrior in the Trojan War, hero of Homer's Iliad, who was killed when Paris wounded him in the heel, his one vulnerable spot
Dryads
Nymphs of trees, their lives were tied to the lives of their trees
pygmalion
fell in love with a statue he created
Tapestry
N.- a heavy textile fabric having a varicolored design woven across the warp
Zeus/Jupiter/Lightning Bolt
Kind of gods and ruler of mankind.
Charybdis
female monster who sucks in water 3 times a day to form a deadly whirl pool
Poseidon
God of the sea, symbol is the trident
what was the secret ceremony performed in demeter's honor?
Eleusinian mysteries
Lyndian woman who bragged she was a better weaver than Athena
Arachne
Hera
Queen of the Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology
terminus
a place where something ends or is complete
Artemis
Goddess of hunting and the woods. Has a twin brother. Invented the bow and arrow.
Symbol: Bow and Arrow
Ares
"god of war", son of Zeus and Hera
Who is one of the most beautiful gods?
Apollo
Philoctetes
Warrior abonded by the Greeks on the island of Lemnos
siren
one of several sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing
Thalia
the Muse of comedy and idyllic poetry; one of the Graces
Midas
a Phrygian king who was given by Dionysus the power of turning whatever he touched into gold
lotus-eater
a member of a people whom Odysseus found existing in a state of languorous forgetfulness induced by their eating of the fruit of the legendary lotus
hydra
a water or marsh serpent with nine heads, each of which, if cut off, grew back as two, finally killed by Hercules
Erebus
where the dead pass as soon as they die
Classical age
term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.
of what areas was demeter in charge
earth and agriculture
Pain, Panic, Famine and Oblivion
condition of being completely forgotten
Menortios, Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus
4 children of Iapetos and Clymene
J.G. Frazer
Wrote "The Golden Bough", a book that pioneered attempts to link myth with ritual.
sphinx
a monster with the head and breast of a woman, body of a lion and wings of an eagle, who asked riddles to travelers
Amazon
one of a race of female warriors said to dwell near the Black Sea
The Sirens
sisters who sat on rocks by the sea and lured sailors to their doom by singing to them.
hyperion and theia produced
Helios(the sun) and Selene (the moon) and eos(the dawn)
Sisyphus
told on Zeus so Zeus made him roll a rock up a hill forever
Titan
any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea or any of their sisters of these, all with enormous strength and power
queen of gods and goddesses and 2 animals
hera, cow and peacock
How does Eurydice die?
She is chased by Aristeus and bitten by a snake
King Midas
You all know who I am! I made a deal with Apollo so that everything I touched turned to gold. Sadly, I realized I made a mistake when my poor daughter turned to gold. Well, can't have everything, I suppose! Who am I?
Lapetus' sons and what they did
Atlas- bore the world on his shouldersPrometheus- savior of mankind
pro. knew that humans needed ability to...
think! he taught them all the things that athene had taught him
what's another myth for when after pan opens the box
zeus wiped out mankind w/ flood saving only deucalion & pyrrha to repopulate the earth
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