CLEP American Government 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Limits on power
Federalism
Article 1
Legislative Branch
4 years
President serves?
Electoral College
presidential voting system
Acquisitive Model
Expansionism but competitive
order
protection from internal threats
2 years
House of Reps serve?
Early Immigration
Western and northern Europe.
James Madison
Father of the Constitution
Functions of Bureaucracies
Protect the nation
justice
Equal treatment under the law
Inherent
Powers inherent to a sovereign nation
Antifederalists
believed that the Constitution took away power from the states, thereby taking power away from the people
The Executive branch manages
the federal bureaucracy
liberals
Individuals who generally believe the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
democracy
government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representative
Second Wave
Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe; before and after World War II
Dual Federalism
1789-1945; provisions for national and state government
Devolution
policy of giving states power and responsibility for some programs
regulated federalism
congress forcing state governments to meet certain environmental standards
Laissez-faire capitalism
government that places relatively few restrictions on its citizens' freedom
Presidential commissions
to investigate problems and make recommendations
Constitution
rules that determines how power will be used legitimately in a state
Implied
Powers that Congress has assumed in order to better do its job.
progressives
Individuals who who favor a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
Independents
Individuals who do not affiliate with either of the major political parties.
Republicans
coalition generally made up of fiscal conservatives, anti-gun control, rural voters, pro-business types...
citizens
People with the right to participate in government
municipality
a city, town, or other district possessing corporate existence and usually its own local government.
project grant
Federal grants given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications. A type of the categorical grants available to states and localities.
Government Corporations
differ in some important ways from private corporations
Iron Triangles
an alliance of people from three groups; Issue networks; private groups and interest groups
Federalist Papers
Written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay; to convince ppl to ratify the constitution
Cooperate Federalism
1945-1969 The States and National both rely on each other
Recent Immigration
Large numbers of people from Latin America and Asia
Liberty
Freedom for people to do what they want
3 Models of Bureaucracy
Weberian Model; Acquisitive Model; Monopolistic Model
Declaration of Independence
1776; all men are created equal
parlimentary democracy
a political system in which voters elect representatives to a lawmaking body
representatives then choose an official called the Prime Minister
treaty
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
initiative
the act of permitting voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
referendum
the act of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
veto
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
Cooperative Federalism
a concept of federalism in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government. They may also share costs, administration, and even blame for programs that work poorly.
representative democracy
A political system in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.(US)
block grant
Broad Federal grant with few strings attached; given to states by the federal government for specified activities, such as secondary education or health services
Unitary Government
A political system in which all authority is placed in a central government,
such as Israel, France and South Africa,
regional and local governments derive their power from the central government.
Constitutional (Philadelphia) Convention
created an entirely new stronger natl. govt.
Implement
to take the laws and decisions made by elected offcials and put them into practice
Independent executive agencies
line organizations that do not fall under the control of any one dept.
Prohibited powers of Congress
Suspending the write of habeas corpus
Civil Service Commission
the first central personnel agency for the federal govt.
Formula grants
Money given to states according to a mathematical formula
Federal Government
A political system in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments (USA)
unicameral legislature
A law making body with only one legislative chamber
Layer Cake Federalism
a concept of federalism where the powers and policy assignments of the government hierarchy are clearly spelled out and distinct from one another
Tyranny of the majority
majority would ignore the basic rights of the minority
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Rules for Election
The voters have the power to change the govt.
freedom of speech
The right to engage in oral, written, and symbolic speech
Marble Cake Federalism
a concept of federalism in which all levels of government are involved in a variety of issues and programs
Five types of organizations in the federal bureaucracy
Cabinet depts.; Independent executive agencies; Independent regulatory agencies; Govt. corporations; Presidential commisions
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