Wrote "The Orestia"
establishes dramatic situation
diction and song
ideas play represents
Release from tension
reversal of fortune
Dancing place for chorus.
killing of a father
first greek tragic playwright
door openings in skene
Plot develops through action
|Aeschylus: ____-____ BCE||
added in 486 B.C.E
great misfortune or disaster
Concerns with community problems
|fun and mischief||
What characteristics/personality traits were satyrs associated with?
final stanza of the ode
(25) table/altar located in orchestra
disruption of the expectation, incongruity, It is contrast between what appears be and what actually exists between what is expected and what is experienced
|Euripides: ___ to ____||
ode-goat-song "goat skin" choris woar
showing intense hatred or spite
Moment during play where Protagonist realizes the truth.
Actors wore ___ constructed of light-weight linen, cork, or wood.
No ____ was portrayed on stage.
The god of wine and fertility.
an enlightenment, learning a lesson from experience. characteristic of a tragic hero
|strophe and antistrophe||
swaying of the chorus
Capital, location of Theatre of Dionysus
(27) device for revealing tableaux, most often the bodies of characters killed offstage; probably a platform that could be rolled through the central doorway of the skene
rectangular cloth garment draped over left shoulder
|names of three festivals||
lenaea, ruraldionsyia, greatcidionysia
three tragedies centered around the same theme
The entrance song of the Chorus
Choral song in honor of Dionysis
|Euripides ___ of Greek tragic playwrights||
|What was most important part?||
Acccording to Aristotle, the Dorians brought tragedy and comedy to Athens
chorus left while singing final song
Oedipus killed this man, who happened to be his father and the King of Thebes.
Scene house that was originally a place where actors might dress and change costumes. Gradually, came to be used as a background for the action of the play. Roof was used when needed. Usually shown with 3 doors along the front.
Frequently called the greatest of the dramatists. Credited with over 100 plays, of which only 7 now exist, among them Antigone, Oedipus Rex, and Oedipus at Colonus. Won 18 contests. Introduced the 3rd actor, thus allowing for still greater dramatic complexity. Concerned with human relationships.
|Who was Aristotle?||
~tutor Alexander the Great
~BEST student under the study of Plato
~philosopher, scientist, critic
crane-like device used to hoist gods onto the stage
from Corinth the man Oedipus believes is his father
a stationary song, sung after the chorus has taken up its station in the orchestra.
a hymn of praise to the gods
where the audience sat "the seeing place"
series of episodes separated by choral songs
developed idea of using masks with only one actor
(16) leading comedic playwright of the 5th century; 11/40 plays survived; known for "happy idea"; LYSISTRATA
conflict in every person between intuitive, creative side and rational, level headed side
a person that can look like everybody
a sidekick who accompanies the main protagonist
scenery painted and placed against the skene
one of Aristotle's five rules of tragedy; dictates when and where the action takes place
play's action occurs in one day, usually sunrise to sunset. In Oedipus, this proves specially relevant to the play's action, since Oedipus begins the day sighted and ends it blinded.
wagon that transports characters that die on stage
Unexpected turn of events in a tragedy
|____ were used to represent different characters||
Held in December, Actor travelled around area of Athens performing popular plays
|Theatre of Dionysus||
where plays of 5th presented
seating / theatre built around the orchestra
the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, esp. through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.
The protagonist's flaw that causes his downfall.
a wheeled wagon used to bring dead characters into view for the audience
- Sets the overall mood
- Adds beauty (theatrical effectiveness) through son dance
- Gives background information
- Divides action and offer reflections on events
- Questions, advises, expresses opinions- usually through chorus leader
|what was the most famous of euridipes' plays?||
The caduceus was the winged staff of the Greek god Hermes. The staff was golden and a gift from Apollo on which two snakes were entwined
(11) 431-404 BCE; Athens was defeated by Sparta
head actor, helped choose 2nd and 3rd actors
part of the ode moving right to left
first play in the Oresteia Trilogy; tells the story of Electra and her brother Orestes
|deus ex machina||
a sudden resolution of a plot
|Euripides wrote _____ and _____||
Medea, The trojan women
the main that Oedipus believe is his father
|When is the annual greek show?||
Held at dawn
|hubris and punishment||
pride, arrogance. brings punishment of the gods
fiber of plant to make rope and cloth
Wrote the only extant play of his time period
What was the name of the street that led to the theatre? It was very decorated.
|Actors and Acting||
- Actor and dramatist originally the same
- Playwright took leading role
- Never more than 3 speaking actors
- Play can have many character but had to be divided among 3 actors
- Unlimited number of extras or mutes. Stage could have a dozen or more extra without violating the rule of "three"
- All roles played men
War that Sparta won to begin the decline of Athens
part of the fifth rule of tragedy; timeframe in which the action must take place
| TENETS OF GREEK THEATRE||
◦ Performed at religious festivals
◦ Chorus: unique feature of Greek roman
◦ Aligned with Religion
◦ Aristotle: writes Poetics, comes up with structure of tragedy-climatic drama, the unities
◦ Acting style: antirealistics, element of ritual
◦ Tragedy: violenece and death was odd stage, catharsis
◦ Satyr Play: chorus of muthogical satyers, shorter and after tragedies
◦ Actors- semi-professional/professional
◦ Three Actor rule
◦ Men played all parts
◦ New comedy
◦ Hellenistic theatre
|Actors portraying supernatural beings or non-Greeks wore _______||
Long sleeved, heavily embroidered tunics
Must have something to lose a place from which to fall
Only characters who are somehow superior or elevated seem tragic in their destruction
|satire from satyr plays||
mythological creatures, satire is most commonly used to mock politics in form of short play (daly show)
When was the Golden Age for arts to flourish?
|priest of Dionysus||
the name of the large center chair facing the stage at eye level
|• Source of Plays||
• Myth: characters were formed frm the gods or mythical creatures. Betterment of society. Humanistic events in history.
|Awards for best _____, ____, ___||
Tragedy, tragic actor, and comedy
|actor; ethical framework; spectator; mood; dramatic; color; movement; spectacle; rhythmical||
Functions of the chorus:
1) an ____ in the drama - expresses opinions, gives advice, as a rule is sympathetically allied with the protagonist
2) establishes the ______ ________ of the play - expresses the author's views and sets up a standard against which the actions of the characters can be judged
3) is the ideal ______ - reacts to the events and characters as the author would like his audience to respond
4) helps to set the ____ of the play and to heighten its _____ effects
5) adds ___, _____, and _____ - originally all choral interludes were accompanied by music and were both sung and danced. A strophe was followed by an antistrophe.
6) serves an important _____ function - choral odes provide pauses in which to look backward and forward to process the action that just occurred; they set the rhythm of the play.
|What were the conventions of Greek Theatre?||
masks, costumes, props, and tools
|Where is the annual greek show?||
Frank A. Theis Park or Nelson steps
|The physchological nature of the tragedy is accentuated by Oedipus's proclamation. Explain||
Oedipus expresses a rage and says that the guilty person (people) will be punished. This is projection becuase HE is actually the guilty person.