Greek Theatre 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
TASE
thespis
aeschylus
sophocles
euridipes
properties
props
spargamos
bloodletting
Satyrs
fauns
ethos
character
lexis
diction
Golden Age
kerkis
choragos
chorus leader
Hamartia
fatal flaw
based on
myth
Khoregos
Play's producer
prologue
provide background
Aeschylus
Wrote "The Orestia"
prologos
establishes dramatic situation
ornament
diction and song
Thought
ideas play represents
Katharsis
Release from tension
peripeteia
reversal of fortune
Orchestra
Dancing place for chorus.
patricide
killing of a father
Euripides
first greek tragic playwright
thyromata
door openings in skene
Episode
Plot develops through action
Aeschylus: ____-____ BCE
525, 456
Comedy
added in 486 B.C.E
calamity
great misfortune or disaster
Old Comedy
Concerns with community problems
fun and mischief
What characteristics/personality traits were satyrs associated with?
epode
final stanza of the ode
thymele
(25) table/altar located in orchestra
irony
disruption of the expectation, incongruity, It is contrast between what appears be and what actually exists between what is expected and what is experienced
Euripides: ___ to ____
480-406 B.C.
Characters
Apollo
Thebes
Laius
Jocasta
Oedipus
Polybus
Merope
Tiresias
Syxnz
Creon
tragedy
ode-goat-song "goat skin" choris woar
rancorous
showing intense hatred or spite
Anagorisis
Moment during play where Protagonist realizes the truth.
masks
Actors wore ___ constructed of light-weight linen, cork, or wood.
violence
No ____ was portrayed on stage.
Dionysus
The god of wine and fertility.
anagnorisis
an enlightenment, learning a lesson from experience. characteristic of a tragic hero
strophe and antistrophe
swaying of the chorus
Athens
Capital, location of Theatre of Dionysus
ekklymea
(27) device for revealing tableaux, most often the bodies of characters killed offstage; probably a platform that could be rolled through the central doorway of the skene
himation
rectangular cloth garment draped over left shoulder
names of three festivals
lenaea, ruraldionsyia, greatcidionysia
trilogy
three tragedies centered around the same theme
parados
The entrance song of the Chorus
Dithyramb
Choral song in honor of Dionysis
Euripides ___ of Greek tragic playwrights
Last
What was most important part?
the chorus
Dorians
Acccording to Aristotle, the Dorians brought tragedy and comedy to Athens
exodus
chorus left while singing final song
Laius
Oedipus killed this man, who happened to be his father and the King of Thebes.
skene
Scene house that was originally a place where actors might dress and change costumes. Gradually, came to be used as a background for the action of the play. Roof was used when needed. Usually shown with 3 doors along the front.
Sophocles
Frequently called the greatest of the dramatists. Credited with over 100 plays, of which only 7 now exist, among them Antigone, Oedipus Rex, and Oedipus at Colonus. Won 18 contests. Introduced the 3rd actor, thus allowing for still greater dramatic complexity. Concerned with human relationships.
Who was Aristotle?
~wrote poetics
~tutor Alexander the Great
~BEST student under the study of Plato
~philosopher, scientist, critic
machina
crane-like device used to hoist gods onto the stage
Polybius
from Corinth the man Oedipus believes is his father
stasimon
a stationary song, sung after the chorus has taken up its station in the orchestra.
paean
a hymn of praise to the gods
theatron
where the audience sat "the seeing place"
stasima
series of episodes separated by choral songs
Thespis
developed idea of using masks with only one actor
Aristophanes
(16) leading comedic playwright of the 5th century; 11/40 plays survived; known for "happy idea"; LYSISTRATA
Apollonian/Dionysian dialect
conflict in every person between intuitive, creative side and rational, level headed side
everyman
a person that can look like everybody
Deuteragonist
a sidekick who accompanies the main protagonist
pinakes
scenery painted and placed against the skene
unities
one of Aristotle's five rules of tragedy; dictates when and where the action takes place
Time
play's action occurs in one day, usually sunrise to sunset. In Oedipus, this proves specially relevant to the play's action, since Oedipus begins the day sighted and ends it blinded.
 Ekkyklema
wagon that transports characters that die on stage
Peripateia
Unexpected turn of events in a tragedy
____ were used to represent different characters
Masks
Rural Dionysia
Held in December, Actor travelled around area of Athens performing popular plays
Theatre of Dionysus
where plays of 5th presented
Koilon
seating / theatre built around the orchestra
catharsis
the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, esp. through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.
Tragic Flaw
The protagonist's flaw that causes his downfall.
ekkyklema
a wheeled wagon used to bring dead characters into view for the audience
Chorus
- Sets the overall mood
- Adds beauty (theatrical effectiveness) through son dance
- Gives background information
- Divides action and offer reflections on events
- Questions, advises, expresses opinions- usually through chorus leader
what was the most famous of euridipes' plays?
Media
cauducas
The caduceus was the winged staff of the Greek god Hermes. The staff was golden and a gift from Apollo on which two snakes were entwined
Peloponnesian War
(11) 431-404 BCE; Athens was defeated by Sparta
protagonist
head actor, helped choose 2nd and 3rd actors
Strophe
part of the ode moving right to left
Libation Bearers
first play in the Oresteia Trilogy; tells the story of Electra and her brother Orestes
deus ex machina
a sudden resolution of a plot
Euripides wrote _____ and _____
Medea, The trojan women
Polybus
the main that Oedipus believe is his father
When is the annual greek show?
Held at dawn
hubris and punishment
pride, arrogance. brings punishment of the gods
hemp
fiber of plant to make rope and cloth
Menander
Wrote the only extant play of his time period
harborway
What was the name of the street that led to the theatre? It was very decorated.
Actors and Acting
- Actor and dramatist originally the same
- Playwright took leading role
- Never more than 3 speaking actors
- Play can have many character but had to be divided among 3 actors
- Unlimited number of extras or mutes. Stage could have a dozen or more extra without violating the rule of "three"
- All roles played men
Peloponysian War
War that Sparta won to begin the decline of Athens
24 hours
part of the fifth rule of tragedy; timeframe in which the action must take place
 TENETS OF GREEK THEATRE
◦ Performed at religious festivals
◦ Competetive
◦ Chorus: unique feature of Greek roman
◦ Aligned with Religion
◦ Aristotle: writes Poetics, comes up with structure of tragedy-climatic drama, the unities
◦ Acting style: antirealistics, element of ritual
◦ Tragedy: violenece and death was odd stage, catharsis
◦ Satyr Play: chorus of muthogical satyers, shorter and after tragedies
◦ Comedy
◦ Actors- semi-professional/professional
◦ Three Actor rule
◦ Men played all parts
◦ New comedy
◦ Mimes
◦ Hellenistic theatre
Actors portraying supernatural beings or non-Greeks wore _______
Long sleeved, heavily embroidered tunics
Tragic Hero
Must have something to lose a place from which to fall
Only characters who are somehow superior or elevated seem tragic in their destruction
satire from satyr plays
mythological creatures, satire is most commonly used to mock politics in form of short play (daly show)
5th century
When was the Golden Age for arts to flourish?
priest of Dionysus
the name of the large center chair facing the stage at eye level
• Source of Plays
• Myth: characters were formed frm the gods or mythical creatures. Betterment of society. Humanistic events in history.
Awards for best _____, ____, ___
Tragedy, tragic actor, and comedy
actor; ethical framework; spectator; mood; dramatic; color; movement; spectacle; rhythmical
Functions of the chorus:
1) an ____ in the drama - expresses opinions, gives advice, as a rule is sympathetically allied with the protagonist
2) establishes the ______ ________ of the play - expresses the author's views and sets up a standard against which the actions of the characters can be judged
3) is the ideal ______ - reacts to the events and characters as the author would like his audience to respond
4) helps to set the ____ of the play and to heighten its _____ effects
5) adds ___, _____, and _____ - originally all choral interludes were accompanied by music and were both sung and danced. A strophe was followed by an antistrophe.
6) serves an important _____ function - choral odes provide pauses in which to look backward and forward to process the action that just occurred; they set the rhythm of the play.
What were the conventions of Greek Theatre?
masks, costumes, props, and tools
Where is the annual greek show?
Frank A. Theis Park or Nelson steps
The physchological nature of the tragedy is accentuated by Oedipus's proclamation. Explain
Oedipus expresses a rage and says that the guilty person (people) will be punished. This is projection becuase HE is actually the guilty person.
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