Guide 7 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
classical conditioning
Thinking about thinking-Increased introspective thinking, self-conscious thinking and intellectualization
Research design characterized by random assignment of participants to conditions and manipulation of an independent variable.
immediate settings for development (family, peers)
inferior colliculi
centers of auditory reflex
Scientific psychology differs from popular psychology in that it is based on ___ evidence.
wilhelm wundt
German physiologist and psychologist.
not conscious; without awareness, sensation, or cognition.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Grouping of points on a two-dimensional graph in which each dot represents a single person's data.
Therapy Type: Biomedical
Medication, EST, brain surgery
memory loss, which is typically temporary but, in rare cases, may be permanent
A generalization that reflects our impressions and beliefs about a broad category of people. All stereotypes carry an image of what the typical member of a particular group is like.
interp. responses correspond to the everyday judgments made by hte patients, analyzing the past w/ regard to the future
self hypnosis
a person can hypnotize themselves
any heirarchical proccess that can control order ov sequence of operations performed
Psychologists from the ___ movement have noted that many studies used only men as subject.
treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit:
inability to obtain sufficient sleep, esp. when chronic; difficulty in falling or staying asleep; sleeplessness.
psychology centering on the analysis of the structure or content of conscious mental states by introspective methods.
of, pertaining to, or involving perception.
a theoretical orientation that views society as a system of interdependent parts whose functions contribute to the stability and survival of the system.
a condition characterized by frequent and uncontrollable periods of deep sleep.
a proposition asserting something to be true either of all members of a certain class or of an indefinite part of that class
the capability of being molded, receiving shape, or being made to assume a desired form:
Case Study:
Research design that examine one person or a small number of people in depth, often over an extended period of time.
diagnosis in which persistent concern about physical well-being cannot be entirely explained by a medical condition, substance use, or another psychological disorder
somatoform disorder
A therapist using free association and dream interpretation discovers that as a small child her patient had been left alone by her mother on several occasions, and concludes that the patient is experiencing unipolar depression. The therapist is most likel
Layer that does not directly affect the person but affects their setting (parent's work)
Internal state
how info enters consciousness, state of brain, memory, emotive loading of previous info
plan executed step by step, though execution does not neccessarily result in overt action
Bottom up
how info enters consciousness. from external stimuli ie. noise ratio, duration, frequency, complexity, and way entered
any of several chemical substances, as epinephrine or acetylcholine, that transmit nerve impulses across a synapse to a postsynaptic element, as another nerve, muscle, or gland.
a ganglion of the limbic system adjoining the temporal lobe of the brain and involved in emotions of fear and aggression.
action potential
the change in electrical potential that occurs between the inside and outside of a nerve or muscle fiber when it is stimulated, serving to transmit nerve signals.
an enfolding of cerebral cortex into the lateral fissure of a cerebral hemisphere, having the shape in cross section of a sea horse.
a test, trial, or tentative procedure; an act or operation for the purpose of discovering something unknown or of testing a principle, supposition, etc.:
a procedure, as a reward or punishment, that alters a response to a stimulus
gestalt psychology
the theory or doctrine that physiological or psychological phenomena do not occur through the summation of individual elements, as reflexes or sensations, but through gestalts functioning separately or interrelatedly.
the visible aspect of one's character as it impresses others:
parkinson disease
a common neurologic disease believed to be caused by deterioration of the brain cells that produce dopamine, occurring primarily after the age of 60, characterized by tremors, esp. of the fingers and hands, muscle rigidity, shuffling gait, slow speech, an
present but not visible, apparent, or actualized; existing as potential:
Inferential Statistics:
Mathematical methods that allows us to determine whether we can generalize findings from our sample to the full population.
Standard Deviation:
Measure of dispersion that takes into account how far each data point is from the mean.
heightened awareness of any aspect of bodily functioning
bodily preoccupation
Albert had finally had enough of his inability to walk, and he went to a psychologist who told him there was nothing medically wrong. This therapy was based on:
Three debates in Development
Nature Vs NurtureContinuity Vs DiscontinuityEarly Vs Later Experience
verbal labels
changes the way ppl percieve an object in memory
Proccess (neuron)down
info moves from dendrites of cell body-> axon->synapse(where neurotransmiters are released to convey message to dentrites of following neuron in chain
Penfield and Roberts
the recordings of consciousness and the function of the interpretive cortex
readily perceived by the eye or the understanding; evident; obvious; apparent; plain:
corpus callosum
a great band of deeply situated transverse white fibers uniting the two halves of the cerebrum in humans and other mammals.
rem sleep
a recurrent period of sleep, typically totaling about two hours a night, during which most dreaming occurs as the eyes move under closed lids and the skeletal muscles are deeply relaxed.
operant conditioning
a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with pleasure or distress.
frontal lobe
the anterior part of each cerebral hemisphere, in front of the central sulcus.
temporal lobe
the lateral lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, in front of the occipital lobe.
independent variable
a variable in a functional relation whose value determines the value or values of other variables, as x in the relation y = 3x2.
parietal lobe
the middle part of each cerebral hemisphere behind the central sulcus.
the theory or doctrine that human or animal psychology can be accurately studied only through the examination and analysis of objectively observable and quantifiable behavioral events, in contrast with subjective mental states.
cerebral cortex
the furrowed outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum of the brain, associated with the higher brain functions, as voluntary movement, coordination of sensory information, learning and memory, and the expression of individuality.
mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.
dependent variable
a variable in a functional relation whose value is determined by the values assumed by other variables in the relation, as y in the relation y = 3x2.
Therapy Type: Group/Family
Work out problems with others, or support of others who are going through same things.
Bobby plays chicken by aiming his car at a bridge abutment, then veering off at the last second. Bobby is an example of what Shneidman refers to as a:
death darer
Depth of hypnosis
at very little depth pain reduction takes effect, it also has the highest degree of responiveness. as one goes deeper little or no communication is achieved. At extreme depths people report mystical experience
The five major current psychological perspectives are:
Biological, learning, cognitive, sociocultural, psychodynamic.
reticular formation
a network of neurons in the brainstem involved in consciousness, regulation of breathing, the transmission of sensory stimuli to higher brain centers, and the constantly shifting muscular activity that supports the body against gravity.
the science of the mind or of mental states and processes.
of, pertaining to, or for the use of only one eye:
Be aware of ethical concerns when using humans or animals in research.
Refer to pages 90-93.
Dysmorphophobia is a somatoform disorder characterized by:
preoccupation with an imagined or exaggerated defect in appearance.
the forming of roots
the ventral and dorsal roots come together to form the spinal cord; in the brain the cranial nerves emerge as ventral or dorsal routes
According to psychoanalysis, distress symptoms are due to ___.
Conflicts and traumas from early childhood.
to be considered dissociative amnesia, the experience ___
- should frequently involve a traumatic or stressful event- should significantly impair functioning or cause distress- cannot be better explained by another psychological or medical disorder
3 principles of gathering and processing info for preconscious
rapid orientation to new info; peripheral and changing stimuli; habituation to old info
What is the difference between the social causation model and the downward drift model?
Social Causation: Mental illness is caused by social position.
Downward Drift Model: Mental illness makes you "drift down" in social class.
Two of the eight guidelines for critical thinking are:
Any 2 of the following:Ask questions,Define your terms,Examine the evidence,Analyze assumptions and biases,Avoid emotional reasoning,Don't oversimplify,Consider other interpretations, Tolerate uncertainty.
If a biochemical imbalance were the cause of a person's depression, the latest research would lead us to expect that person to have:
an abnormality in the activity of certain neurotransmitters, especially serotonin and norepinephrine.
Which of the following is the least common form of a mood disorder?
full manic episodes with no depressive episodes
/ 79

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online