HA Weekly Sheet Items Flashcards

Artist Unknown
Terms Definitions
Upright stone slab.
Stage of a theater.
Artist Unknown
c. 300 CE
Originally Constantinople; now in Venice, Italy
Late Roman Empire, Roman culture/style
Artist Unknown
c. 460-450 BCE
Bronze with bone and glass eyes, silver teeth, and copper lips and nipples
Riace, Italy
Early Classical Period
Evenly spaced, rounded parallel vertical grooves incised on shafts of columns.
The study of subject matter.
Dying Gallic Trumpeter
c.220 BCE
Originally Bronze
Sanctuary of Athena in Pergamon, Greece (Copy found in Caesar's garden in Rome)
Hellenistic Period
Old Woman
Artist Unknown
First Century BCE
Location unspecified
Hellenistic Period
Aphrodite of Knidos
c. 350 BCE
Knidos, Asia Minor
Late Classical Period
Funerary Krater
Artist Unknown
c. 750-700 BCE
Dipylon Cemetary, Athens, Greece
Geometric Period
Architect of Djoser's Funerary Complex. He was prime minister to Djoser and was the first architect to be identified in history.
Fragments of older architecture/art that are reused in a secondary context.
Assimilating images from other religions or cultures and giving them new meaning.
Imperial Procession
Artist Unknown
13-9 BCE
Ara Pacis Augustae, Rome, Italy
Roman Early Empire, Roman culture/style
Unswept Floor
2nd Century CE
Floor Mosaic
Original location not given
Roman Empire, Roman culture/style
Hieratic Scale
Technique where relative size indicates relative importance.
The carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze.
A surrounding colonnade in Greek architecture.
The organization or arrangement of forms in a work of art.
Hatshepsut Kneeling
Artist Unknown
c. 1473-1458 BCE
Red Granite
Deir El-Bahri, Egypt
New Kingdom Period
Step Pyramid of Djoser
c. 2650-2631 BCE
Djoser Funerary Complex, Saqqara, Egypt
Early Dynastic Period
Stele of Naram-Sin
Unknown Artist
c. 2254-2218 BCE
Akkad, Mesopotamia
Akkadian Sculpture
In Classical architecture, the stone foundation on which a temple colonnade stands.
Acropolis in Athens
Reconstructed under Perikles
447-432 BCE
Various Materials
Athens, Greece
High Classical Period
Ara Pacis Augustae
Commissioned by Augustus
13-9 BCE
Rome, Italy
Roman Early Empire, Roman style/culture
In church architecture, the story found above the side aisles of a church, usually open to and overlooking the nave.
Harvesting of Grapes
Artist Unknown
c. 350 CE
Church of Santa Costanza, Rome, Italy
Early Christian
The Good Shepherd
Artist Unknown
c. 425-426 CE
Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy
Early Christian
Roman dynasty that began when Vespasian took power in 69 CE. It saw the replacement of idealized youthful figures with those favoring time-worn attributes.
barrel vault
An elongated or continuous semi-circular vault, shaped like a half-cylinder.
Huge stepped structures with a temple or shrine on top. Were symbolic for the bridge between Earth and the gods. Also named "House of the Mountain." Early Sumerian Architecture.
A Mediterannean plant whose leaves are reproduced in architectural ornament used on moldings, friezes, and Corinthian capitals.
Votive Statue of Gudea
Artist Unknown
c. 2090 BCE
Girsu, Sumer, Mesopotamia
Sumerian style/culture
The Greek leader who ordered the reconstruction of the Acropolis in Athens.
Ruler of Egypt from approx. 2490-2472 BCE. Last ruler to have a pyramid constructed at Giza. His pyramid was considerably smaller than the other two.
Temple of Aphaia
Architect Unknown
c. 500 BCE
Stone or Marble
Archaic Period, Doric Order
A triangular gable found over major architectural elements such as the entablature of Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian order architecture.
Ruler of Egypt from about 2520-2494 BCE. Second ruler to have a pyramid constructed,in Giza, which included a colossal sphinx portrait of himself.
Great Pyramids of Giza
Artist Unknown
c. 2575-2450 BCE
Limestone and Granite
Giza, Egypt
Old Kingdom Period
Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions
Artist Unknown
c. 875-860 BCE
Palace of Assurnasirpal II, Kalhu, Assyria, Mesopotamia
Assyrian style/culture
Colossal Figure of Akhenaten
Artist Unknown
c. 135301336 BCE
Sandstone with traces of polychromy
Gempaaten Temple, Egypt
New Kingdom Period
The sculpted block that tops a column.
The middle element of an entablature, between the architrave and the cornice. Often decorated with relief sculpture.
Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut
Architect Unknown
c. 1473-1458 BCE
Cut out of cliffs
Deir El-Bahri, Egypt
New Kingdom Period
People that settled north of Sumer, adopted Sumerian culture, and spoke a Semitic language. Major ruler was Sargon I.
Form of writing that used wedge-shaped symbols carved into clay tablets with a stylus. First used by Sumerian people.
central plan
Architectural design with a primary central space surrounded by symmetrical areas on each side.
The concave triangular section of a vault that forms the transition between a square or polygonal space to the circular base of a dome.
A writing surface made from treated skins of animals. When it is very fine it is known as vellum
A projecting support built against an external wall, usually to counteract the lateral thrust of a vault or arch within.
Roman emperor that ruled from 98-117 CE. He was one of the Five Good Emperors of Rome and ruled during the point that the Empire made its greatest expanse. He commissioned the Basilia Ulpia.
The architect for the Basilica Ulpia and the Forum of Trajan. He was from Damascus.
A large rectangular building used by the Romans for administrative purposes, but has come to be related to religion and church use. These will often include a clerestory, side aisles, a central nave, and an apse.
Santa Sabina
Bishop Peter of Illyria
c. 422-432 CE
Brickwork, wood, tile, marble, and veneer
Rome, Italy
Early Christian
A hard, durable, and very valuable purple stone sometimes used in sculpture. It connoted royalty in the Roman Empire.
The banning or destruction of images, especially icons and religious art. It arose from differing beliefs about power, meaning, function, and purpose of imagery in religion.
Geometric Period
The Greek period that existed from about 900 to 700 BCE. It was characterized by linear motifs and was primarily filled with ceramic pottery, such as the Funerary Krater.
Axial Plan
An architectural plan that, when split down an axis, is symmetrical on each side of the axis.
The topmost zone of a wall with windows in a basilica extending above the aisle roofs. it provides direct light into the central interior space. (Think Temple of Amun at Karnak)
One of very few female Egyptian rulers in Egyptian history who came into power after the death of her husband, Thutmose II. She reigned from 1473-1458 BCE, acting as regent for Thutmose III. She is, in some artwork, depicted as male and some as female, often times wearing the traditional headdress and false beard in these depictions.
The Citadel of an ancient Greek city, located at its highest point and housing temples, a treasury, sometimes a royal palace. The most famous is located in Athens and houses the Parthenon.
Temple of Amun at Karnak
Architect Unknown
c. 1579-1075 BCE
Unspecified Stone
Karnak, Egypt
New Kingdom Period
Upper Egypt
Southern region of Egypt that was upstream on the Nile and more mountainnous. Narmer was from here.
Egyptian ruler that was in power from about 2551 to 2528 BCE. Was the first ruler to have a pyramid constructed as his tomb in Giza.
A ruler from Upper Egypt who, around 2950 BCE, conquered Lower Egypt and consolidated Egypt into a single kingdom.
Period Style
The common traits detectable in works of art and architecture from a particular historical era.
A close friend of Perikles and a renowned Greek sculptor who was put in charge of reconstructing the Acropolis.
The partition screen in a Byzantine or Orthodox church between the sanctuary and the body of the church. It usually displays icons.
The region of north and central Italy where the Etruscan civilization settled. It has fertile soil and metal ore.
An arch or lintel built across the upper corners of a square space, allowing a circular or polygonal dome to be more securely set above the walls.
a book or group of manuscript pages, held together by stitching or other binding on one side.
Portrait Head of an Elder
Artist Unknown
c. 80 BCE
Rome, Italy
Roman Republic, Roman culture
Column of Trajan
Apollodorus of Damascus
113-116 CE or after 117 CE
Outside the Basilica Ulpia, Rome, Italy
Roman High Imperial Art, Roman culture/style
Hagia Sophia
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus
532-537 CE
Mosaic, arcades, pendentives, "floating" pierced dome
Istanbul, Turkey (Constantinople)
Byzantine Architecture
A form of government ruled by four members. It was present in Rome from c. 293-305 CE.
Roman Empire
Period in Roman history that existed after the rise of Augustus (Octavian) as emperor in 27 BCE and lasted for several centuries. The government was primarily a monarchy.
Roman Republic
The period in Roman history that existed from 509-27 BCE, when Rome was ruled by an aristocratic oligarchy called the Senate. It was a time of generally stable government and miilitary conquest. It began with the overthrow of the Etruscan king, and ended with Augustus (Octavian) being recognized by the Senate as ruler of Rome.
Peristyle Garden
Open colonnaded court with a garden and pool found in ancient Roman homes.
The passage around the apse in a basilica church or around the central space in a central-plan building.
Armarna Period
This is the period that took place during the Egyptian ruler, Akhenaten's, reign, from c. 1332-1322 BCE. It saw a significant shift in art, with a more unique style that moved away from the idealized, masculine figures of the traditional Egyptian style.
Inner Coffin of Tutankhamun's Sarcophagus
Artist Unknown
c. 1332-1322 BCE
Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones
Tomb of Tutankhamun, Egypt
New Kingdom Period
Plant that grows in Egypt and was the symbol for Lower Egypt in ancient times.
Lower Egypt
Northern region of Egypt that was more fertile. It was conquered by Narmer.
An Archaic Greek statue of a young man or boy.
East Pediment of the Parthenon
Kallikrates and Iktinos
c. 447-432 BCE
Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
High Classical Period
Empress Theodora and Her Attendants
Church commissioned by Ecclesius, Artist unknown
c. 520, Consecrated in 547 CE
San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy
Byzantine Art
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
Artist Unknown
c. 176 CE
Bronze, gilded
Rome, Italy
Roman High Imperial Art, Roman culture/style
Guardian Figures of the Citadel of Sargon II
Artist unknown
c. 721-706 BCE
Unspecified stone
Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, Mesopotamia
Assyrian style/culture
Late Classical Period
The Greek period that existed from c. 400-323 BCE and saw the construction of Aphrodite of Knidos and "Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III ..."
Spoils from the Temple of Solomon
Artist Unknown
c. 81 CE
Arch of Titus, Rome, Italy
Roman Early Empire, Roman culture/style
Ruins of the Anu Ziggurat and White Temple
Architect Unknown
c. 3300-3000 BCE
Mud Bricks
Uruk, Sumer, Mesopotamia
Sumerian architecture
The Transfiguration of Christ with Sant'Apollinare
Commissioned by Ecclesius, Bishop of Ravenna
Consecrated 549 CE
Church of Sant'Apollinare, Classe, Italy
Alexander the Great Confronts Darius II at the Battle of Issus
Philoxenos of Eretria or Helen of Egypt
c. 310 BCE
Floor Mosaic
Pompeii, Italy
Late Classical Period
The Good Shepherd with Adam and Eve After the Fall
Artist Unknown
Before 256 CE
Fresco painting
Originally at Dura-Europos, Syria
Early Christian Art
/ 94

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online