Health Occupations 3 Flashcards

Health Care
Terms Definitions
Crypt/o
hidden
-malacia
softening
sebum
oil
neur/o
nerve
epitheli/o
epithelium
hist/o
tissue
-genesis
producing/originating
staphyl/o
grapelike clusters
Gestational Diabetes
GDM
sarc/o
flesh/connective tissue
-sarcom
maligent tumor
Necr/o
death (cells, body)
Hydronephrosis
expanded renal pelvis
amenorrhea
absence of menses
schleroderma
hardened, thick skin
types of nonpathogenic
e.coli
-stasis
control, stop, standing
onychomalacia
softening of the nails
Colostomy
opening of the colon
Dysphagia
difficult or painful swallowing
Non-Insulin Dependen Diabetes Mellitus/ Type II DM
NIDDM
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
mandate
requires you follow direction
paronchia
dieseased state around the nail
Estrogen and Progesterone
the female hormones
Edema
swelling; abnormal or excessive collection of fluid in the tissues
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus/ Type I
IDDM
Antibodies
made in response to antigens
pinealoma
tumor of the pineal gland
acne
inflammation of the sebaceous glands
neurologist
physician specializing in nervous system disorders
define erythema
redness of the skin
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Cytoplasm
gel-like fluid inside the cell
cellulitis
inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue vaused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and fever.
Gatric Ulcer
open sore in the stomach
Capsule
is the sac  surrounding the kidney
Renal Colic
severe pain in the kidney
Villi
small projections in the intestine that assist in motility
Addison's Disease
insufficient amount of adrenal hormones characterized by increased pigmentation
adrenaline
hormone produced by the adrenal medulla
endocronologist
physician who treats and researches problems of the endocrine system
decubitus
lesions caused by unrelieved pressure to any body part
alzheimer's disease
progressive degenerative disease of the brain resulting in dementia
examples of protozoa
trichomoniasis, amoebic dysentery, malaria
biohazardous material
substance that can potentially transmit diseases
arterioles
tiny arteries that connect main arteries to capillaries
Nucleus
-largest structure within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located

-it contains chromosomes for cellular reproduction and is the control center of the cell
dermatoconiosis
adnormal condition of the skin caused by dust
Chlamydia
contagious bacteria that live in the conjuctiva of the eye, the uretha, and cervix of the uterus
Nepritis
inflammation of the kidney due to infection or arteriosclerosis
Chyme
creamy semifluid mixture of food and digestive juices
Flatulence
excessive gas in the stomach and intestine that cause discomfort
sweat glands
exocrine gland that excetes moisture on the skin
epidermis
outermost layer of skin containing no blood vessels
otologist
an ENT that furthers education in conditions affecting the ears
cataracts
clouding of the lens causing vision impairment and possibly blindness
medicated eye drops and/or surgery
treatment for glaucoma
cutaneous glands
glands that include sweat, sebaceous, ceruminous, and mammary glands
what can salmonella cause
food poisoning or death
what do isolation patients feel?
loneliness, anger, depression
Twisting your body and stretching to reach something over your head is okay.
NO
ergonomics
an object or practice designed to reduce injury
pulmonary valve
which valve seperates the left ventricle and the pulmonary artery?
atria
what chambers are the major veins attached to?
cranal Cavity
Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain
pediculosis
invasion into the skin and hair by lice
Mechanism
process or a series of steps that achieve a result
cecum and colon
large intestine is divided into the....
Breast/Mammary
produce milk to nourish the fetus upon birth and some time after
Prostate Gland
located below the urinary bladder and produces secretion that maintain moblity of sperm
Tonsils
mass of lymph tissue exposed to the outside
stimulus
element strong enough to form a nerve impulse
protection, regulate temperature, eliminate waste, store energy, contain receptors, produce vitamin d
main functions of the skin
What is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infection?
handwashing
bacteriostatic
slows or stops the growth of the bacteria
what are rooms you enter prior to entering the patients room that decrease exposure of the pathogen to the rest of the facility
anteroom
side rails can be considered what?
a a restraint
Who is responsible for knowing where the MSDS is and when and how to refer to it?
the employee
The exposure control program determines who's possibility of exposure?
each health care position
aneurysm
a weakening in the wall of an artery
oxygenated blood and nutrients
what do the arteries carry?
nutrients
What the body wants to obtain from the food we break down
adrenal cortex
endocrine gland that aids the body in coping with stress and infection
skin cancer
rapid growth of skin cells that can invade blood vessels, lymph glands, and connecting ducts
Shingles (herpes zoster)
virus affecting the sensory nerves in the chest and head
viral meningitis is another communicable disease, what is meningitis?
inflammation of the membrane surrounding the spine and brain
What should be used to turn the faucet off after washing your hands?
papertowel
What is the MSDS?
document prepared by the manufacturer telling one how to handle the product safely
what are restraints used for?
protect the resident/ensure their safety
brain damage or death
what does disruption of bloodflow cause?
simple sugars (juice, sugar...) followed by carbohydrates/proteins
how to treat a conscious hypoglycemic
removal of lens and replace with artificial lens
how to correct cataracts
Where are mucous membranes found that can be a source of infection/contamination?
eyes, nose, mouth, vagina
it is okay for a patient to smoke while oxygen is in use
NOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!! (idiot)
What does the TB skin test test for?
exposure to tuberculosis
alveoli (air sacs)
at the end of the bronchioles where air is exchanged
cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem
what are the main parts of the brain?
What can be sterile in the health care field?
surfaces, equipment, solutions
What does OSHA require employers inform their employees of?
the hazards of their work environment
central and peripheral nervous system
the nervous system is divided into two parts:
What was the primary reason Respiratory Hygiene was added to the Standard Precaution guidelines?
2003 outbreak of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
is e.coli a pathogen or nonpathogen
can be either, depending on where it is located
What are the OSHA programs health care agencies need to comply with?
Ergonomic Programs, Injury and Illness Prevention Program, Hazard Communication Programs, and Exposure Control Plan
When should you wash your hands when gloves will be used?
before putting on and after taking them off
if an object is too heavy, what can you do?
ask for help, push it, or pull it
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