Hinduism 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Shiva
destroyer/liberator
maya
illusion
Chandogya
...
Vaishnavites
Shaktites
Atman
universal spirit
Sudras
the workers
kshatriya
warrior class
Darsan
seeing god
guru
spiritual teacher
Brahmins
Hindu priests
Orthopraxis
\"right practice\"
Artha
Wealth and Success
Ganesh
Lord of obstacles
Bhakti
Devotion to God
Samskaras
life cycle rituals
krishna
avatar of vishnu
Agni
God of Fire
Diwali
Festival of lights
Vedas
Hindusim ancient scriptures
Sat
Absolute being - Truth
Vaisyas
common ppl, farmers especially
linga
symbol associated with Shiva
Sri Ramakrishnra
Vivekananda's teacher
19th century
Bengali
born into Brahman Vaishnava family
was a priest at a Kali temple
devi
the great mother goddess
rig veda
oldest hindu scripture
reincarnation
transmigration of the soul
moksha
liberation (from wheel of rebirth)
Root are in which religion
Vedic
Brahma
Creator (important god check i.d.'s)
Darshan
philosophically means "point of view"
Theistically sight is the most fundamental means of engaging with the diety of both seeing and being seen by God.
When one goes to a temple or to visit a saint they go for the darshan.
touching of the feet is often an integral part of darshan
Percentage of Hindu marraiges arranged
Ninety
Asanas
part of the self control
Vishnu
presever of the universe;supreme god
Achieve Moksha
Hindu verison of Heaven
Mahisa
Buffalo demon defeated by Durga
you are working for God
Samadhi
Puja
Literally: 'puj,' to honor
Ritualized form of devotional worship. It is personal and interactive, and does not need the ministration of priests. It is grounded in achieving an intimate reaction with the divinity.
avatars
gods who come in human form
samsara
a long cycle of repetitive incarnation
Prakriti
the cause of the material universe
Ascetic
One who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual acvancement:
kshatria
second highest caste, warriors and nobility
Suttee
GOOD WOMAN. NOT. DONT BURN YO'SELF.
3rd path to liberation
Bhakti-Path of devotion
Mitra
Hindu god of friendship and alliances
Prayers
prevent destruction of crops from floods, health, etc.
Yajman
The patron of the Vedic rite
Sanskrit
(Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism)
Brahman
the soul of the universesupreme realitythe manifestation of everything in the world but our intelligence cannot understand it bc it is limitedbrahman is not limitedbrahman is atman and atman is brahman (atman=individual soul)religion is about knowing brahman which is done through meditation, studying scriptures, ect.
Consorts of Shiva
Shakti(power fmenine great mother)Kali(more terrible than shiva, darkdevotees shaktas)Paravati(opposite of Kali)
Sadhana
Literally: a means of accomplishing something
Spiritual practice, it refers to certain disciplines that are to be followed in order to reach a spiritual goal
Riencarnation
"sumsara" when you die you are later reborn in another form.
Indra
supercedes Varuna, king of heaven, god of rain, rides elephants
The major religion of India today is
Hinduism
Ganesha
The Eternal Traid of popular or classical hinduism includes all of the follwing except
shakti
divine power or energy personified as female a name for the goddess
KARMA
universal law of moral cause and effect; rules out all appeals to chance
Bhakti yoga
the "emotional" path to samadhi, through loving devotion to God and through the love of others for God. Hindus see Christianity as bhakti yoga
asceticism
retreat from the world, giving up worldly pleasures--> yoga started
Devas
help to maintain order in nature (deity)
Yoga
a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
Ganges River
Sacred enough to purify all sins
Atharva Veda
collection of hymns intended for domestic use
dharma
Ethical duty - determined for each person by gender, caste and stage of life
Veda
The four early sacred texts of Hinduism, which describe the gods and rituals connected with them.
True or False: Twice-Born has nothing to do with Reincarnation.
TRUE
Varisyas
3rd caste: merchant- related to soil, agriculture and trade are profoessions
symbol
something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object representing something, often something immaterial; emblem, token, or sign.
After death
there will be rebirth followed by another death ect.
jnana marga
way of knowledge; cause of human suffering is not sin but it is ignorance
the body of god
they were created from what
Sir William Jones
English philologist and scholar of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among Indo-European languages.
founder of the Asiatic Society.
best known today for making and propagating the observation that Sanskrit bore a certain resemblance to classical Greek and Latin.
In The Sanscrit Language (1786) he suggested that all three languages had a common root.
The common root came be known as Proto-Indo European
atharva
one of the four samhitas; vedic texts of hymns to the gods.
Vedanta
(from the Sanskrit for 'end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas
monism
ll reality is of a single thing" (Vedanta, Parmenides)
Yajur Veda
prose form instrucing priests in the propper manner of fire and soma sacrifice
When does the student stage of life end?
Marriage
Pandu
Pandavas father who dies leaving his 5 sons under the care of blind brother
Bhagavad-Gita
Portion of the Mahabharata that is a question and answer session between a God and a human. (the hero Arjuna and his charioteer, the avatar Krishna) Krishna says he Vishnu.
Dot on Head
means Hindu, mostly women have them, not widows, only certain men wear them
Kundalini yoga
form of raja yoga that envisions the individuals energy as a force that is capable of being raised from the center of the body to the head producing a state of joy.
Rama
a god and mythical king; a form of Vishnu
Yama
Hindu god of death and lord of the underworld
Banyan Tree
East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
The path of renunciation
moving outside oneself to find things of greater value. Recognize dharma (duty)...Being, Happiness, Knowledge
Alexander of Macedonia
began a conquest of lands of Indus River and its six tributaries in 327 BCE at Taxila
What are the 4 parts of the Vedas?
Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads
What does the Advaita philosophy believe?
The Advaita philosophy is nondualist, and believes that the appearance of diversity in the world is an illusion, and that in essence all reality - the earth, sun, moon, sky, birds, and animals - is one. Therefore, Advaita understands moksha as the realization that the individual and Brahman has always been one, tat tvam asi, "That thou Art."
Untouchables are treated with very little dignity by other Hindus. Why???
Because they are being punished for their past life.
What do Hindus consider the quickest way to achieve release from the pain of earthly existence?
the harsh life of an ascetic/Holy Man
What is the age of degeneration?
The age called Kali Yuga. It is part of the Hindu cycle of time.
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