HIST Final 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Predestination
"Institutes"--1559
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1
IMF
International Monetary Fund
Judiciary Act of 1789
...
War of Spanish Succession
1701-1714
Triple Entente
France, Russia, Great Britain
W.E.B.
DuBois
Civil rights activist. Challenged Booker T. Washington’s belief that
blacks should accept racial segregation and stop fighting for suffrage, but
rather work their way to equality (“accommodation” with Jim Crow laws). Instead
campaigned for increased political representation of blacks to guarantee civil
rights, and the formation of a black elite that would work for the progress of
the African American race. Early 1900’s.
"Forty-niners' sought gold
Mass migration to California
Who lead the anti-masonic campaign?
Thurlow Weed
Mercantalism
Mercantilism suggests that the ruling government should advance these goals by playing a protectionist role in the economy; by encouraging exports and discouraging imports, notably through the use of tariffs and subsidies
golden mean
Ratio occurring in nature, architecture and art - beautiful to humans. Music: expansion of tonality
BARTOK
Paxton Boys
Vigilante group of Presbyterian Scots-Irish fronteirsmen from central Pennsylvania
Coxeys Army
protest march of unemployed workers, led by populist businessmen Jacob Coxy, demanding inflation and a public works program during the depression of the 1890s.
Social Contract
 Gov’t would protect the rights of people  While people would act reasonably with the gov’t If gov’t failed this agreement, then the people should overthrow the gov’t and takeover.
russian revolution
Russian Revolution is a collective term for the series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The first revolution of Feb 1917 the Tsar was deposed and replaced by a Czarist government of Nicholas II. He collapsed in March 1917 and the government falls to Duma. Duma doomed by refusal to end war, Bolsheviks seize control and from 1917-1918 they took over Russia and the royal family was killed. The Treaty of Brest-Litovst took Russia out of the war. [LKH1] 





 [LKH1]Don’t just say war…be more specific.
Decameron
A collection of 100 novelas by Giovanni Boccaccio-later the inspiration for the Canterbury tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
Wilson-Gorman Tariff
Cleveland puts this tariff through Congress in hopes of significantly lowering the tariff, but when it comes back out of Congress it has 630 amendments to it and it ends up that it is only slightly lower than the current tariff. Cleveland denounces the tariff, but doesn't veto it because some reduction is better than no reduction.
Plessy v. Ferguson
upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation even in public accommodations (particularly railroads), under the doctrine of "separate but equal"
Corporatism
facist way to bring everyone together, workers, industry, and government to form corporations for different sectors of the economy
caused by recession
issued reforms-lower legal fees-allow non-cash payment of taxes (crops)-greater representation-fairer tax system
Common Sense
a 47 page pamphlet that was distributed in Philadelphia
WPA
a law encated in 1973, limiting a presidents rights to send troops onto battle without consulting congress
Augusto Pinochet
Chilean army general who was brought to power as president in a U.S.-backed coup d'état on September 11, 1973
What was the last powerful state in Mesopotamia before the Greek conquest?
Persia
Brahe
The man who taught Johannes Kepler and began to explore the theory that planetary bodies are in movement
Who directed France's colonial bureaucracy?
Appointed governors and intendants
Social Security
Passed in May 1935 Required the states to set up welfare funds from which money would be disbursed to the elderly poor, the unemployed, unmarried mothers with dependent children, and the disabled Provided a sturdy foundation on which future presidents and congresses would erect the American welfare state Two Supreme Court Rulings affirmed the constitutionality of the Social Security Act
Volkgemeinshaft
\"community of the folk\" evokes a air of unification among the german community, a racialized notion that all good germans should come together
millenialism
is a belief held by some Christian denominations that there will be a Golden Age or Paradise on Earth in which "Christ will reign" prior to the final judgment and future eternal state (the New Heavens and New Earth)
Witchcraft Accusations in New England
Outburst of witchcraft accusations occurred in 17th century New England.
At least 100 people were accused before 1692; in Salem, 200 more were accused in 1692.
Social tensions lay at the root of most accusations.
80% of the accused were women. However, women did most of the accusing.
**Focus: Importance of gender. Importance of language. Blurring & incorporation of church/religious beliefs with law.
Railroad time zones
in 1883 major companies divided the nation into four time zones still used today
Who felt betrade by the fugative slave law?
the north
Alexander II's Great Reforms:(5)
1. emancipation of serfs2. military3. judiciary4. dumas/zemstvos5. censorship
Phillipe Bunau-Varilla
He was a Fenchman who schemed with Teddy Roosevelt to get the Panama Canal built.
Samuel Gompers
leader of the ALU, key figure in American labor history, founder of American Federation of Labor
Adolf Eichmann
SS man sent to Austria to accelerate the emigration process there. Became known as the man who could move jews, set up an assembly line emigration process where jews came to one location, signed papers, paid taxes and they were done. cut all the red tape
Athenian Overpopulation Problem
They solved this by using the money they gained from trade and commerce to import the food they needed. They got their food from grain by the Black Sea. Athens traded with the East and Corinth traded to the West.
Catherine Haun: A pioneer Woman's Westward Journey
-female pioneers to maintain families
-many married or widowed on dangerous journey
-went west for gold
-more women meant more careful, more clean, better food (i.e. better health)
-had to be careful of Indians
What were the major political consequences of the Thirty Years' War for Europe?
Emergence of Absolutism
People were willing to support a more authoritarian government
What factors stimulated the growth of the cities? What problems resulted from urbanization?
--Industrial Revolution, Education, Technology, Railroads, Immigration, etc.
-- Problems/ Negatives of urbanization
   1. Crime
   2. Disease and ailment
   3. Slums become more crowded and dirtier
   4. Flop houses become big
Korean War
1950-53 conflict in which the US led a UN "police action" against North Korea to repel it from its June 1950 invasion of South Korea
UN attempted to push North Korea out of the peninsula entirely, prompting Chinese intervention
war stalemated by 1951, until truce arranged in 1953
2 critical cases that mobilized liberal activism that conservatives objected
griswold v connecticut, cited the right to privacy which was cited in Roe v Wade, Doe v Bolton - overriding GA law prohibiting abortion given decision same day as RvW
What factors led to the growth of population in ancient Africa?
High levels of migration
The Spanish-American War
Two days after the queen says that she will submit to the requests of McKinley (April 11), McKinley asks Congress to declare war on Spain. Congress declares war on Spain 7 days later (April 19) but will only declare war with the Teller Amendment in effect.
 
The U.S. took Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam.
Evaluate the support for and the results of prohibition
SUPPORT: countryside desire for vindication; rural effort of anti-saloon league; backed by Methodist and baptist; backed by urban progressive concern over social disease of drunkenness RESULT: middleupper class drank whiskey and other drinks that replaced
What were cultural achievements of the Ottoman Empire?
They made advances in architecture (Faith Mosque, Topkapi Palace)
They inherited other cultures and produced their own knowledge
Wilson's request for declaration of war
April 6, 1917: Wilson gets his Declaration of War from Congress, but it was not unanimous; 6 senators and 50 members of the House all voted against going to war; so some dissension within the solid majority
He wanted involved in peace process
Idealistic speech about makes changes
What were the chief features of the political organization of the Gupta Empire?
More centralized government than the Mauryan Empire
State maintained monopoly over certain activities such as trade
According to the New Theory, what happened during the later migrations of the Eustrasians?
They crossed the Bering land bridge and moved south
What were the major factors that led the Byzantine Empire to decline?
The Knights of Malda who were Christian warriors wanting to prevent the spread of Islam
The Muslim Empire took over some Byzantine cities
Roads came under Muslim control
A wave of migration started
The Byzantine Empire was taken over by the Ottoman Empire in 1453
What were the chief provisions of the Act of Succession?
Made the Monarch the head of the church
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